Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the white blood cells (lymphocytes). It affects the lymphatic system, a network of tissues and organs that help the body get rid of toxins, waste and other unwanted materials. The system includes the thymus gland, bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes. There are mainly two types of Lymphoma:
It is a type of cancer that develops due to abnormal growth of cells in the lymphatic system and may spread beyond the system. The cancer can start from anywhere in the body. However, most often Hodgkin’s lymphoma starts in the lymph nodes in the upper part of the body such as chest, neck and under the arms.
As the disease progresses, the cancer can spread into other parts of the body such as lungs, liver and/or bone marrow.
Few signs and symptoms of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma are:
Few risk factors that can increase your chance of developing Hodgkin’s Lymphoma are:
Having a close family member who has Hodgkin’s lymphoma can increase your risk of developing the cancer.
Men are slightly more at risk of developing the cancer than women.
The cancer is most often diagnosed in people between the age of 15 and 30, as well as older than 55.
People who have had illnesses caused by Epstein-Barr virus, such as mononucleosis, are more at risk of developing the cancer.
A weakened immune system can increase the risk of Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is a type of cancer that originates in the lymphocytes, an infection-fighting network spread throughout the body. It is the most common type of lymphoma. There are many sub-types of the cancer, of which the most common are diffuse large B-cell Lymphoma and Follicular Lymphoma.
Few signs and symptoms associated with Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma are:
few risk factors that can increase your chance of developing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma are:
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma can occur at any age. However, it is most common in people in their 60s or older.
Studies suggest that certain chemicals that kill insects and weeds can increase the risk of developing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
Men are more at risk of developing the cancer than women. However, there are some sub-types that are more common in women.
There are certain bacterial and viral infections – such as HIV and Epstein-Barr virus – that can increase the risk of developing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
People who have received an organ transplant and treated with medication to suppress their immune system such as immunosuppressive therapy, are at a higher risk of developing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
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