Gastroenterology focuses on the entire digestive system which includes the esophagus, stomach, intestines, colon, pancreas, gall bladder, bile ducts as well as the liver and anus. The disorders afflicting all these organs from top to bottom are so extensive that it requires comprehensive diagnosis and treatment. Expert gastroenterologists at Manipal Hospitals’ Centre of Excellence in Gastroenterology are at the top of their game in this domain.
Since this department diagnoses and treats the vast gamut of digestive disorders, we are proud to have outstanding gastroenterologists, endoscopy specialists, and minimal invasive surgeons to tend to the most intriguing of cases. So whether it is colitis, gastritis, bile reflux or even cirrhosis, acute liver failure, esophageal cancer and so on, our experts are enabled by our state of the art diagnostic and surgical technology to prescribe the most effective treatment protocols.
It is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed to detect gastrointestinal diseases. The procedure is performed using a specialized endoscope that projects sound waves of high frequency to produce detailed images of the digestive tract, lymph nodes, chest, liver, and pancreas. The procedure is largely diagnostic in nature and helps to detect…Read More
Acute pancreatitis occurs due to a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. It may be mild or life threatening but usually subsides. Gallstones and excessive alcohol consumption are the main causes for acute pancreatitis and one experiences severe abdominal pain. Surgery may be needed if complications such as infection, cysts or bleeding occur. If gallstones…Read More
Manometry is a test used to identify problems with movement and pressure in the oesophagus. Manometry measures the strength and muscle coordination of the oesophagus while swallowing.Read More
OGD or Oesophago-gastro Duodenoscopy is a visual examination of the lining of your oesophagus, stomach and duodenum.Read More
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography or ERCP is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems.Read More
Hydrogen Breath Test is usually performed to detect small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and also glucose / lactose malabsorptionRead More
Colonoscopy is, a procedure used to detect changes or abnormalities in the large intestine/colon and rectum.Read More
This diagnostic procedure is performed to take a closer look at the liver and spleen to identify any abnormalities. The procedure involves a radioactive dye or contrast material that is absorbed by the liver, spleen and bone marrow. A scan is then done to identify where the radioactive elements have collected, producing an image of dense radioactivity…Read More
At one point, endoscopy during pregnancy was believed to endanger the foetus in the womb. Therefore it is generally discouraged endoscopy during pregnancy and, if absolutely necessary, recommended that procedures occur during the second trimester.Read More
Manipal Hospitals' gastroenterologists are highly diverse, and their exceptional range of expertise allows patients to be part of innovative surgeries and practices that are, in some cases, not available anywhere else in India, like latest endoscopic procedures that examine and treat problems of the digestive tract, with minimized impact on surrounding tissues. Providing unparalleled care to all types of the digestive tract and liver problems with a multi-disciplinary approach, Manipal Hospitals' department of gastrointestinal sciences scope of practice extends to robotic surgery, minimally invasive endoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, small bowel enteroscopy, and endoscopic ultrasonography and pediatric gastroenterology.
With cutting edge technologies, and practices in Gastrointestinal Sciences, Manipal Hospitals has been the most comprehensive caregiver in the state for all types of gastro and hepatic disorder like Acute liver failure, Appendicitis, Bile duct stones, Bile reflux, Celiac disease, Chronic pancreatitis, Cirrhosis, Clostridium difficile infection, Constipation, Crohn's disease, Diverticular disease, Diverticulitis, Dysphagia, Endoscopic submucosal dissection, Endoscopic ultrasound, Enlarged spleen, Esophageal cancer, Esophageal motility studies, Esophageal ulcer, Esophageal varices, Esophagitis, Faecal incontinence, Gastritis, Gastroenteritis, Gastroesophageal reflux, Giardiasis, Gilberts syndrome, Heartburn, Haemorrhoids, Indigestion, Irritable bowel syndrome, Lactose intolerance, Lymphocytic colitis, Mesenteric ischemia, Microscopic colitis, Pancreatic cysts, Pancreatitis, Poem, Travellers diarrhoea, Ulcerative colitis, Viral hepatitis, and Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Your first visit will allow your gastroenterologist to evaluate your symptoms. As part of that consultation, your gastroenterologist may request additional tests or procedures, such as blood tests, imaging studies, or endoscopic examinations for diagnosis or treatment.
The exact cause of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not known, but the one possible cause is an immune system malfunction. There are some risk factors which are associated with IBD such as family history, smoking, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, age etc.
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease which causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers in the large intestine. There are sub types of ulcerative colitis depending on its extent.
Ulcerative proctitis: It only involves rectum.
left-sided colitis: It involves the rectum, sigmoid and descending colon.
Extensine colitis: It involves rectum/ Sigmoid / Descending & Transverse colon.
Pancolitis: It affects the entire colon cause’s bloody diarrhea, severe pain, fatigue and common symptoms are colon.
Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease which can affect any part of GI Track, it leads to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. There is no cure for Crohn’s disease but there are some treatment options which can control the diseases activity and hence relief of symptoms.
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease include diarrhea, fever, reduced appetite, abdominal pain and cramping, unintended weight loss, fatigue, and blood in the stool.
Mild pain, swelling and inflammation can be treated with home treatments such as eating high fibre foods, using over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream, taking oral pain relievers, etc. but if higher grade hemorrhoid then, the gastrointestinal surgeon will perform the hemorrhoidectomy. In this procedure, the surgeon removes the hemorrhoid which provides immediate relief.
For internal hemorrhoids there are minimally invasive procedures such as rubber band ligation or sclerotherapy, can be done.
There are three types of hemorrhoids:
External hemorrhoids: They develop under the skin around the anus. It causes pain, swelling, itching, and swelling around the anus.
Internal hemorrhoids: They develop inside the rectum and you can’t see or feel them. It causes painless bleeding during bowel movements.
Thrombosed hemorrhoids: Sometimes blood within the hemorrhoids sets thrombased causes severe pain.
Heartburn occurs when stomach acid reflux up into the tube i.e esophagus that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.
The symptoms of GERD include a burning sensation in the chest usually after eating or at night, pain that worsens when lying down, bitter acidic taste in the mouth or food refluxing back into mouth or chronic cough.
Polyps are the non – cancerous (Pre – malignant) growth that develops on the lining of the colon. Most colon polyps are not harmful but sometimes they can develop into colon cancer. There are two types of polyps:
Non-neoplastic: They include hyperplastic polyps, inflammatory polyps and hamartomatous polyps. They are usually non-cancerous.
Neoplastic: They include adenomas and serrated types. These type of polyps have potential to become cancerous over time.
The unregulated growth of cells in the colon and rectum cause polyps to form. They can develop anywhere in the large intestine. Sometimes can be genetics also.
If a person is having symptoms such as abnormal bowel movements, rectal bleeding, frequent heartburn, abdominal pain/bloating, trouble swallowing, etc, they might need to visit a gastroenterologist. Gastrointestinal science is not only concerned with disorders related to the stomach and intestines but it also includes normal function and diseases of the oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts, and liver.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases.
Gastrointestinal problems may arise due to various reasons such as bacteria in food, infection, stress, certain medications, or chronic medical conditions such as colitis, Crohn's disease, and IBS.
There are numerous types of bacteria that can cause one or more disorders related to the GI tract. Some bacteria are E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Clostridium, etc.
Digestive conditions can be frustrating and worrying, and it reduces the quality of life. Manipal Hospitals stand for quick recovery through the least invasive, most appropriate, and advanced treatment available. Contact us to know more about digestive and liver problems and book an appointment with one of our gastrointestinal specialists today.
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