All You Need To Know About Bariatric Surgery
Department of Bariatric Surgery
Dec 23, 2019
The department of Bariatric Surgery at Manipal Hospitals provides end to end treatment and facilities for patients affected by conditions that require bariatric surgery.
The team of bariatric surgeons at Manipal Hospitals work with specialists from multiple disciplines to give patients comprehensive care. The surgical team is equipped with the latest real-time imaging technology and advanced surgical equipment, giving them the capacity to perform all bariatric procedures effectively. Minimally invasive surgery is very common in bariatric surgery
This procedure is usually recommended for repairing or altering a previously performed unsuccessful weight-loss surgery. Over the last few years, this procedure has become popular mainly due to the unsatisfactory outcomes – chronic diarrhoea, malabsorption of nutrients, weight gain, and uncontrolled and excessive weight loss – of a previously performed…
Sleeve gastrectomy is an hour-long procedure and involves laparoscopy to make several small incisions on the patient’s abdomen. With the help of this procedure, doctors can remove nearly 75% of the patient’s stomach, thus giving it a ‘sleeve’ like appearance. In other words, the procedure helps a person restrict their food intake by limiting the release…
This procedure is also called one anastomosis gastric bypass and combines gastric sleeve and standard gastric bypass procedures. This procedure is recommended for people with a BMI of 30 and diagnosed with obesity-associated health disorders and BMI greater than 35 along with or without obesity-associated health conditions, such as cancer, hypertension,…
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is generally recommended for people with BMI greater than 35 and diagnosed with obesity-associated disorders, such as diabetes, sleep apnea and hypertension.
Bariatric surgery is an effort to surgically modify the digestive system with an intention to achieve weight loss or reduce weight gain. The surgery is only advised in cases where the dangers of excessive weight and weight gain significantly threaten the health of the patient.
Some of the Interventional Treatments
A few treatments available for bariatrics are: Gastric bypass - This is a procedure that reduces the size of the stomach surgically by dividing the stomach pouch into two. The small intestine is then divided, and the lower end of the divided small intestine is connected to the first part of the stomach pouch. The 2nd part of the stomach and the upper portion of the small intestine are still connected, so lower down the small intestine, gastric juices produced in the 2nd part of the pouch will eventually mix with the food. The smaller stomach pouch means that the patient's appetite as well as ability to eat is significantly reduced. The bypass can lead to dramatic changes in weight loss. A gastric bypass allows people with chronic weight gain problems to lose weight which would otherwise endanger their lives. The procedure also requires certain dietary restrictions to be followed by the patient post-surgery since some digestive functions will not function as they used to.
Obese individuals are at far greater risk of dying from obesity-related diseases, including coronary artery disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), type 2 diabetes and certain cancers. A healthy weight for most people is defined as a body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 24.9.
Bariatric surgery is a weight-loss technique for individuals who cannot lose weight through diet and exercise. It helps people lose excess weight and reduce the risk of potentially life-threatening problems due to obesity.
A gastric bypass is a procedure that helps patients who are obese or overweight. It helps lose excess weight by changing how your stomach and small intestine process food. Your stomach will be smaller after surgery. Less food will make you feel satisfied. Some of the sections of your stomach and small intestine that absorb meals won't receive food any longer.
Bariatric surgery, like other weight-loss procedures, is major surgery. It can pose some serious risks and side effects.
A person with excessive obesity (BMI>40) and persons whose BMI is 35 to 39.9 and suffering from weight-related health problems, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure or severe sleep apnea are eligible to undergo bariatric surgery.
Some common risks associated with bariatric surgery are:
(ii) Excessive bleeding
(iii) Blood clots
(iv) Lung or breathing problems
(v) Gastrointestinal leaks
The recovery time of bariatric surgery is low compared to other major surgeries. Patients can leave the hospital post-surgery after 1 to 3 days and can resume their work after 4-6 weeks.
Bariatric surgery patients have to make some lifestyle changes to lead a normal life after undergoing bariatric surgery. Some common changes that they need to do are:
(i) Drink a lot of water every day
(ii) Avoid eating street foods and restaurant foods, rather than go for home-made well-cooked foods
(iii) Avoid sitting in one place for very long; take stairs instead of elevators, walk instead of driving, etc.
(iv) Avoid high-sugar and high-salt foods; reduce the intake of snacks, and eat more whole foods.
(v) Do regular exercises including jogging, walking, swimming, and weight training.
Bariatric surgery can be painful for some patients. Patients frequently feel the most pain and discomfort between days 3-6 post-surgery. Additionally, some individuals report neck and shoulder pain as a result of the body reabsorbing the anaesthetic administered during surgery. Pain during bariatric surgery can be curbed with the help of IVs, drugs and other prescriptions. Generally, the pain goes away completely after 2-3 weeks.
After gastric sleeve surgery, sleeping on your back or side is recommended. You'll be able to avoid painful pressure in the lungs and stomach by doing this.
Bariatric surgery is a highly effective and permanent weight-loss procedure.
Book an appointment with one of our specialists today and live a pain-free and healthy life
Dec 27, 2019