Introduction To Congenital Heart Disease
Department of Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery
Dec 28, 2019
Cardiovascular and thoracic surgeons at Manipal Hospitals diagnose and surgically treat conditions of the heart, chest and lungs. The Department provides the latest and the most innovative surgical treatment for virtually every type of cardiac and thoracic conditions, during both emergency and elective cases.
One of the most experienced and comprehensive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery departments in the country, Manipal Hospitals cares for patients from all over the country and the world. Manipal Hospitals' cardiologists are world leaders in heart surgeries, including open-heart surgeries and transplantation surgeries, perfecting every life-saving heart procedure along the way. The latest state-of-the-art technology for accurate diagnosis of heart conditions and cutting edge surgical practices like minimally invasive surgery whenever possible has made the cardiovascular thoracic surgery department known for its groundbreaking work.
Bentall procedure is a cardiac procedure that was introduced by H Bentall and A De Bono in 1968. It is performed to repair or replace an aortic root, aortic valve, or ascending aortic root lesion.
This is a procedure that reopens arteries that have been narrowed or closed due to a build-up of fatty plaque. The procedure involves guiding a narrow tube towards the narrowed or blocked artery, and inflating a balloon to open up the artery for stent placement. A stent is a tube made to keep the artery open and free-flowing. An angioplasty is not…
TAVR is also called Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI). TAVR is a minimally invasive procedure that involves placing or inserting a new valve inside the diseased or a damaged heart valve.
A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is an implantable mechanical circulatory pump that helps the left ventricle to pump blood to the aorta and throughout the body.
The human heart has 4 valves that are responsible for controlling blood flow through the heart. Valves can be damaged or affected by disease, in which case they will need to be repaired or replaced. Damaged valves can be repaired by the placement of a special ring, while artificial valves are used to replace valves that are damaged beyond repair. While…
Also referred to as keyhole surgery, MICS is a surgical option that requires much smaller incisions on the body, reducing the risk to the patient and the time needed for recovery. Using advanced surgical apparatus, a surgeon is able to perform complex cardiac surgeries like Mitral Valve Replacement (MVR) without compromising accuracy.
Manipal Hospitals' dedicated team of world-renowned pediatric heart surgeons treat several heart defects in newborns, infants, children and adolescents. From heart transplantations to implantations, the success of Manipal Hospitals' pediatric heart surgeons is due to the combined multidisciplinary approach, focus and dedication to charting the best course of treatment for every pediatric patient. The testament to this effort is the number of cases referred to Manipal Hospitals from all across the country and the world.
Manipal Hospitals' Cardiovascular and Cardiothoracic Surgeons are experts on a plethora of both adult and pediatric cardiothoracic and vascular surgical procedures.
Cardiovascular Thoracic Surgery department specializes in treating heart CABG, LV aneurysm repair, total arterial revascularization, repair of ventricular septal rupture, aortic aneurysm surgeries, heart valve repair and replacement, redo cardiac surgery, emergency lung resection for massive hemoptysis, tracheal reconstruction, and revascularization for acute limb ischemia.
With state-of-the-art imaging facilities at Manipal Hospitals, continuous post-operative care has been the heart of every condition treated, some of them are, Common cardiac surgeries for adults include Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), Valve Repair and Replacement, Surgery for Ischemic Mitral Valve, Regurgitation and Post Infarct Ventricular Septal Defects, DOR Operation for left, Ventricular Aneurysms, Redo Surgery for Valve Replacement and CABG, Grown-Up Congenital Heart (GUCH) Operations Common Pediatric Cardiac Surgeries include Open Heart Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects such as Ventricular Septal Defect and Atrial Septal Defect, Complex Defects including tetralogy of Fallot, single ventricle, transposition of great arteries (TGA), Ventricular Septal Defects, Cath based interventions, and assessment of Atrial Septal Defects, patent ductus arteriosus and device closure, Heart Surgery for newborn babies, Blocks in the blood flow (pulmonary stenosis, aortic stenosis, coarctation of the aorta), Cosmetic approaches for Congenital Heart Surgery Vascular Surgeries include Resection of cardiac myxomas, Endovascular Laser Therapy, Carotid Endarterectomy along with CABG, Peripheral Vascular Surgeries for Ischemic Limbs, Dialysis for Patients with Renal Failure Minimally invasive surgeries include Tricuspid valve repair and replacement, Atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale closure, Maze procedure for atrial fibrillation, Saphenous vein harvest for coronary artery bypass, Mitral valve repair and replacement, Aortic valve replacement, Atrioventricular septal defect surgery and Coronary artery bypass surgery
A cardiothoracic surgeon is a medical doctor who specializes in surgical procedures of the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest. This includes surgeons who can be called cardiac surgeons, cardiovascular surgeons, general thoracic surgeons, and congenital heart surgeons.
Cardiothoracic surgery refers to the surgical procedure done on the heart, lungs, oesophagus, and other organs in the chest, whereas vascular surgery refers to the surgery of blood vessels and veins that are not associated with the heart.
A cardiothoracic surgery is performed on patients who have a problem in the heart, lungs, oesophagus, and other organs in the chest.
You may be referred to a vascular surgeon when you are diagnosed with a vascular condition or when you exhibit common symptoms of vascular disease such as numbness, weakness or heaviness in muscles, burning or aching pain, thickened & opaque toenails, impotence, restricted mobility, wounds that won't heal over pressure points, etc.
The most common cardiothoracic surgery is Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery
A vascular surgeon is a specialist who is trained to treat diseases related to the vascular system. Vascular surgeons are concerned with the veins and arteries of the body except for the brain and heart.
The 5 most common vascular surgeries are:
(i) Carotid artery surgery
(ii) Lower limb revascularisation
(iii) Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms
(iv) Treatment of varicose veins
(v) Limb amputations
Cardiology is the study of prevention and treatment of heart disorders and the conditions related to blood vessels. On the other hand, cardiothoracic refers to anything relating to the heart and chest or lungs
Some of the most common surgeries performed by cardiothoracic surgeons are:
(ii) Stent placement
(iv) Open heart surgery
(v) Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
(vi) Heart valve repair or replacement
(vii) Pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs)
Cardiovascular Thoracic Surgery can be both simple and complex, whatever be the procedure, Manipal Hospitals will be there with you every step of the way, helping you decide on the right treatment plan, providing the right post-operative care and recuperation assistance. Contact us to know more about the different cardiovascular thoracic surgery and book an appointment with one of our surgeons today
Dec 27, 2019
Dec 26, 2019