Poliomyelitis
Poliomyelitis

 

Wishing for a healthy and happy life is a thought that has never skipped anyone’s mind. Can you imagine that thought taking a downfall, owing it all to polio? Polio is a highly infectious viral disease which attacks the nervous system usually resulting in paralysis which is generally permanent. Polio has no cure yet, but it can be very well prevented.

It mainly affects children under the age of five and newborn babies are the most vulnerable victims of this infectious virus.  A child with hands and legs paralyzed is not well equipped for leading a normal and comfortable life and is incapable of attaining his/her ultimate potential. This results in a drastically hampered future.

The virus Poliomyelitis that causes polio dwells in  the throat and intestinal tract of humans. It also thrives in poor sanitary conditions. People with weak immunity and people who haven’t been immunized are most likely to be affected by the polio virus, mostly when they are exposed to an infected person or contaminated areas. The symptoms for the Polio-virus can be as simple as a mere headache, sore throat, fever, fatigue, nausea, muscle weakness and muscle pain.

The two types of widely used vaccine for protection against polio are IPV – Inactivated Polio-virus Vaccine and OPV -Oral Polio-virus Vaccine. IPV is in the form of an injection and the other in the form of drops.

In 1988, the wild the Polio-virus was endemic in 125 countries globally, paralyzing more than 1000 children every day & In India, nearly 2,00,000 cases were reported in 1985.India was considered as the toughest place in the world to eradicate Polio. However, in 1995 the Government of India along with WHO, CDC, and UNICEF vowed to eradicate Polio in India.

Watch the video to know about the transformation of India from being a Polio endemic country to a Polio free country.

 

The perfect time to get vaccinated against the polio virus is as a child but if ignored can be taken as a adult as well with the following specifications:

For Child –   It is advisable to get your child vaccinated with 4 doses of IPV before the age of 6

For Adults – . In case you have never been vaccinated against polio you can get 3 doses of IPV. People above the age of 18 travelling to places where polio is still common and for health care workers booster doses are recommended. It is advisable for the pregnant mothers to avoid the vaccine during their pregnancy.  Parents need not be worried about the child taking multiple vaccinations as it helps your child increase his/her immunity against polio. Sometimes the vaccination might cause an allergy.

Pregnant mothers, infants, children and adults with weak immunity need to be on the watch for polio and especially if they are living in unhygienic conditions. Even if you are vaccinated or immunized against poliovirus it is best to avoid places where polio is common and avoid contact with someone affected with poliovirus.

Besides the vaccination and prevention of polio, it is recommended to  follow a healthy lifestyle and healthy eating habits. This will help you fight not just polio but other health issues as well.The fight to eradicate polio is everyone’s fight! And we are at the edge of winning it. So let us all contribute and succeed! Parents stay aware and don’t miss out on vaccinating your children. Adults, if not vaccinated, ensure you get immunised at the earliest. Why to endure and suffer when prevention is just a vaccination away!

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2 COMMENTS

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