Dr. Rajeev Verma

HOD and consultant - Joint Replacement and Orthopaedics

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Reviewed by

Dr. Rajeev Verma

HOD and consultant - Joint Replacement and Orthopaedics

Manipal Hospitals, Delhi

Knee Replacement Surgery: Procedure, Indications And Recovery

Reviewed by:

Dr. Rajeev Verma

Posted On: Jan 03, 2024

blogs read 5 Min Read

Knee Replacement Surgery It's Procedure, Indications & Recovery

Imagine a world where grinding knee pain no longer hobbles your every step, where stairs aren't Mount Everest, and dancing at a wedding doesn't feel like a marathon. For millions with ailing knees, this isn't a fantasy, it's the promise of knee replacement surgery: a modern medical procedure that replaces worn-out joint parts with sleek, artificial replicas, paving the way for renewed mobility and a pain-free stride.

Knee replacement surgery, known in medical circles as arthroplasty, isn't just about swapping parts, it's about reclaiming your life. This blog is your ultimate guide to this transformative procedure, delving into the nitty-gritty of why, when, and how it all works. We'll explore the different knee surgery types, knee replacement recovery timelines, potential risks and rewards, and answer all your burning questions. So, grab a cup of coffee (or ice pack?), put your feet up (or, well, maybe not yet!), and get ready to dive into the details of knee replacement surgery. Because knowledge is power, and with the right information, you can confidently navigate this path to a pain-free future.

Signs When A Knee Replacement Surgery is Recommended 

Deciding whether or not to undergo knee replacement surgery is a big decision, and it's important to weigh the potential benefits and risks carefully. Here are some of the key indications that knee replacement surgery may be the right option for you:

  • Severe Pain and Stiffness

If you have constant, debilitating knee pain that interferes with your daily activities, such as walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of bed, then knee replacement surgery can be advised by an expert orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi.

  • Limited Mobility

If your knee is so stiff and painful that you have difficulty performing basic activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, or cooking, then knee replacement surgery may be necessary to improve your quality of life.

  • Deformity of the knee: In some cases, severe arthritis or injury can cause the knee to become deformed, such as bowing inwards or outwards. This can not only be unsightly but also lead to further pain and instability. Knee replacement surgery can correct the deformity and restore the alignment of the joint.

  • Failure of Conservative Treatments

If you have tried other non-surgical treatments for your knee pain, such as pain medication, physical therapy, injections, or bracing, and they have not been effective, then knee replacement surgery may be the next step.

It is important to note that knee replacement surgery is not a cure-all, and it is not right for everyone. There are some risks and complications associated with the surgery, such as infection, blood clots, and nerve damage. Your overall health, age, lifestyle, and severity of the condition are other essential factors that will determine whether knee surgery is right for you or not. To get the best treatment, visit the best knee replacement surgery hospital in Delhi.

Steps of a Knee Replacement Surgery 

Knee replacement surgery, a beacon of hope for those suffering from chronic knee pain, is a complex procedure that requires meticulous planning and execution. But fear not, fellow adventurers! This guide will equip you with the knowledge to navigate the maze of steps involved, demystifying the process and preparing you for a smoother journey.

Step 1: Preparation is Key

You will have to undergo a series of pre-operative assessments. These may include:

  • Physical Examination

Your doctor will assess your overall health and fitness for surgery.

  • Blood Tests and Imaging

X-rays, MRIs, and CT scans help determine the extent of joint damage and plan the implant accordingly.

  • Anaesthesia Consultation

Discuss your anaesthesia options and any potential risks or allergies.

  • Medications Review

Your doctor may adjust or discontinue certain medications to optimize surgical outcomes.

Step 2: Under the Knife

The surgery itself typically follows these key steps:

  • Anaesthesia

You'll be put under general or regional anaesthesia to ensure complete comfort throughout the procedure.

  • Incision

A 6-8 inch incision is made along the front of your knee, exposing the joint.

  • Bone Removal

Damaged cartilage and bone from the femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone) are carefully removed using specialized instruments.

  • Implant Placement

Metal and plastic components, meticulously sized and shaped to match your anatomy, are implanted to replace the removed bone.

  • Alignment and Stability Checks

The surgeon meticulously adjusts the implant placement and tests the range of motion and stability of the new joint.

  • Closure

The incision is stitched or stapled closed, and a bandage is applied.

Step 3: Recovery and Rehabilitation

Following surgery, you'll begin your recovery journey, which typically involves:

  • Pain Management

Medication and physical therapy help manage post-operative pain and discomfort.

  • Draining Fluids

A drainage tube may be inserted to remove excess fluid from the surgical site.

  • Physical Therapy

Personalized exercises are crucial to regain strength, flexibility, and range of motion in your new knee.

  • Hospital Stay

Depending on your individual needs, you may stay in the hospital for 3-5 days after surgery.

  • Home Recovery

Once discharged, you'll continue physical therapy and follow your doctor's instructions for a smooth recovery at home.

Remember, this is a general overview, and the specific steps and timeline may vary depending on your individual case and your surgeon's preferences. At Manipal Hospital, we have the best orthopaedic expert and knee replacement surgeons in Delhi, who have successfully performed numerous surgeries. They can guide you about every aspect of this procedure, so book a consultation today.  

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