Asthma: Causes, treatment, and Prevention
Dr. Puneet Khanna
Aug 17, 2020
Pulmonology is a speciality of medicine that deals with the health, diagnosis, and management of the conditions of the respiratory system including chronic obstructive lung disease, tuberculosis, asthma, sleep-disordered breathing and lung cancer, etc. Doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory conditions are called Pulmonologists.
The Department of Pulmonology at Manipal hospital provides advanced and improved care for patients suffering from various respiratory conditions such as tuberculosis, asthma, sleep-disordered breathing, lung cancer, etc.
We have a highly qualified and well-trained team of the Best Pulmonologists in Delhi who are prompt and proactive in treating patients with simple to complex respiratory disorders.
We at Manipal Hospital, have around-the-clock proactive staff and a well-equipped respiratory ICU, for the management of critically ill patients with respiratory failure, chest Injuries etc. Hence, Manipal is recognized as the Best Pulmonology Hospital In Delhi for offering advanced medical care.
We have high-quality patient services, fully equipped state-of-the-art diagnostic facilities, an advanced sleep laboratory, sophisticated equipment, etc to ensure comprehensive care and well-being of patients with respiratory diseases and sleep disorders.
Dedicated service and care for patients suffering from COVID-19 and post-COVID 19 complications.
Entire gamut of services of Interventional Pulmonology including Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) Biopsy, Fibre optic Bronchoscopy, Medical Thoracoscopy, Tracheal Stenting, Laser and Cryobiopsy, Foreign Body Extraction.
Worldwide, the prevalence of respiratory diseases is on the rise, including in India. In 2016, India accounted for about 32% of the total global Daily Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) related to respiratory diseases. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of maintaining a healthy respiratory system cannot be overlooked anymore.
Some of the most common respiratory conditions treated at Manipal hospital includes:
Lung infections or chest infections:
Lung or chest infections include infections affecting your upper respiratory system or the lower respiratory system.
Common cold: This is primarily caused by viral infections. The airways get blocked due to inflammation and mucus secretion reducing the quality of life.
Pneumonia: This condition includes the build-up of thick mucus causing symptoms like difficulty in breathing, high fever, greenish or brownish phlegm, severe headaches, loss of appetite, etc. Young children and elderly people with weak immune system are commonly infected with pneumonia.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A viral lung infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2). The symptoms widely vary from patient to patient including high temperature, cough, sore throat, difficulty in breathing, green sputum, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, pneumonia etc.
Bronchiectasis: In this condition, bronchial tubes are damaged due to inflammation and excess mucus build-up.
Bronchitis: This condition involves inflammation of the lower airways. When inflammation of the lower airways occurs gradually, over a long period, it is called chronic bronchitis and is mostly caused due to smoking. Short-term inflammation of the bronchial airways is called acute bronchitis and is commonly caused by viruses.
Influenza: Also called flu, influenza is a viral infection that is more prominent during winter. Influenza viruses can be A, B, C and D type. Influenza A and B can be contagious and can cause a pandemic, particularly influenza A. Type C and D causes milder flu.
Tuberculosis (TB): Tuberculosis is a life-threatening bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria commonly infect the lungs and sometimes can infect other parts including the brain, spine, or kidney.
Chronic lung infections:
Asthma: Asthma is a condition characterised by episodes of breathlessness due to narrowing of the airways. In some cases, it can become life-threatening. Symptoms of asthma include coughing, wheezing or a whistling sound while breathing, breathlessness, tightness in the chest, etc.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): This is a progressive lung disease that is characterized by airflow blockage due to inflammation. The most common symptoms include breathlessness, wheezing and chronic cough.
Emphysema: This condition damages the air sacs in your lungs gradually.
Obstructive sleep apnoea: In this condition, the muscles around your throat relax during sleep causing irregular breathing. This is a serious lung condition causing symptoms such as loud snoring, waking up choking, excessive drowsiness during daytime, sleeping while driving or doing other activities, etc.
Pulmonary hypertension: Due to high blood pressure, the arteries of the lungs and heart are narrowed, blocking the blood flow to the lungs. This causes the heart to pump harder for the blood to reach your lungs resulting in the weakening of the heart muscle walls. If left untreated, this condition can be life-threatening causing heart failure, development of blood clots in the small arteries, irregular heartbeats, palpitation, bleeding in the lungs, etc.
Occupational lung diseases: It is also called Interstitial lung diseases, this condition affects the alveoli (air sacs in your lungs) due to scarring and inflammation. Constant exposure to dust or chemicals is the common cause of lung disease leading to disability or death. For example, asbestosis, silicosis, etc.
Genetic lung disorder:
Cystic fibrosis (CF): This is an inherited genetic disorder that causes secretions like mucus, sweat, digestive juices to become thick and block the lungs and other parts including the digestive system. The common symptoms when the lungs get affected include persistent cough, thick mucus or sputum, wheezing, recurrent lung infections, stuffy nose, etc. When left untreated, it may cause complications such as bronchiectasis, nasal polyps, haemoptysis (blood when you cough), pneumothorax and respiratory failure.
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer in India and mostly caused by tobacco smoking. With early diagnosis and timely treatment, lung cancer can be treated and cured effectively. We at Manipal hospital have an experienced and highly qualified team of multi-specialists including pulmonologists, oncologists, radiologists, surgeons, etc offering comprehensive care and treatment for lung cancer patients. Get in touch with the Top Lungs Specialist Hospital in Delhi to avail the best-in-class medical care.
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive tests that show how well the lungs are working. The tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This information can help your healthcare provider diagnose and decide the treatment of certain lung disorders.
A pulmonologist is a lung doctor who is trained in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the respiratory system including tuberculosis, pulmonary hypertension, chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, interstitial and occupational lung diseases, etc.
If you have symptoms such as difficulty in breathing, persistent cough, thick mucus whenever you cough, blood in the mucus, fever, etc, you may have respiratory problems, and you should consider visiting a Pulmonologist. If you experience any of these, seek medical help from the Top Pulmonologist in Delhi at Manipal hospitals.
Due to interrupted sleep patterns, you may tend to fall asleep while driving which is dangerous. Furthermore, obstructive sleep apnoea is linked with the development of high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart diseases leading to stroke, heart attack and heart failure.
Most people who get exposed to irritants or gases repeatedly while working in the manufacturing industry, mining, construction, office, etc are at a higher risk of developing occupational lung diseases such as asthma, COPD, etc. To know more, reach out to the pulmonology hospital in Delhi.
Obstructive sleep apnea is caused when the muscles around your throat relax during sleep causing symptoms such as irregular breathing, loud snoring, choking, excessive drowsiness during the daytime, sleeping while driving or doing other activities, etc. Get the finest treatment at the best pulmonology hospital in Delhi.
Pulmonology Respiratory Sleep Medicine