Manipal Organ Sharing & Transplant (MOST) has been established with an aim to increase awareness on organ and tissue donation amongst the people of India and to promote best practices on organ and tissue donation in hospitals.
Global Observatory on Organ Donation and Transplantation data indicates that 12,666 organ transplants were carried out in India in 2019, next only to United States and China. However, there remains a wide gap between the number of patients who need transplants and the availability of organs in the country. An estimated 1.8 lakh individuals suffer from kidney failure every year, but only 10,000 kidney transplants are done annually. About 2,00,000 patients die of liver failure and liver cancer annually in India, of whom 10-15% can be saved with a timely liver transplant. Against an estimated requirement of 25,000 liver annually, only 2000 are being performed. Similarly about 50,000 persons suffer from heart failure annually but less than 200 heart transplants are performed in India. About 25000 cornea transplants are done every year against a requirement of 1,00,000.
Majority of organ transplants in India are done from living donors and in 2019, only 2060 (16.3%) transplants were carried out from 715 deceased donors after brain death. The organ donation rate remains less than one per million population. There are 27 Manipal Hospitals across the country. Any effort to promote organ and tissue donation must be embraced with social, legal and medical information from all parts of the country.