Mammography is by far the most immensely used medical procedure to detect breast cancer and other breast related risks in women. Though most of the times, the use of mammography has been regarded highly debatable, one cannot simply let go of the idea that mammography is one best medical procedure to detect breast issues accurately. It combines sensitivity coupled with the correct specifications to infer on the final state of the risk detected. The results obtained thus are used effectively in women care facilities for eliminating the risk conditions.
Aspects of mammography
There are basically two aspects to a mammography test.
Screening refers to that part of mammography which involves procedures aimed towards early detection of breast cancer. This procedure is x-ray based and is highly effective in detecting stage 1 tumors for better treatment facilities.
Diagnosis refers to that aspect of mammography which is also characterized by the inclusion of x-ray based diagnosis to detect any specific symptoms of imminent breast cancer. This test is done keeping the relevance of premature breast cancer.
Sensitivity and specificity are the two fundamental factors which determine the applicability of the results obtained in the corresponding procedure. What is more essential for determination is how well the performance of the given tool correlates to the nature of the disease under examination. The values are used to determine the severity of the risk factor for the same. This value is termed as positive predictive value which relates specifically to the presence or absence of the disease in an individual under examination.
What else is detected in mammography?
Search for presence of breast cancer is a highly essential aspect in mammography. However, during the examination, the radiologist might successfully come across potential threats to a woman’s breasts in the future. What are found in the analysis are elaborated below accordingly. Take a look.
- Calcifications- These are small grains of calcium accumulating over the soft tissues of the breasts and are a potential sign of early breast cancer. Clusters of the same indicate high risk criteria and deserve immediate attention.
- Cysts– These are masses which are usually filled with fluid and are a high indication of cancer. These are in fact the early stages of a potential cancer growing inside.
- Fibroadenomas– Breast cells sometimes take the form rounded lumped structures. These are however not associated with cancer and are usually found in women of a very young age.