Bone fractures or broken bones can occur due to any accident, fall or jerk on the joints. Broken bones are common among children and old age people.
Types of Bone Fractures
There are many types of fractures. Few of them are:
- COMPLETE FRACTURE
In a complete fracture, the bone breaks into two or three parts
- INCOMPLETE FRACTURE
In an incomplete fracture, the bone cracks but does not break all the way through.
- OPEN FRACTURE
In an open fracture, the bone breaks in such a way that its fragments come out through the skin.
- CLOSED FRACTURE
In a closed fracture, the bone doesn’t come out through the skin. However, it often causes injury to tissues around the fracture.
- COMPRESSION FRACTURE
Compression fracture occurs due to extreme pressure.
Symptoms of a Bone Fracture
Few signs and symptoms associated with a bone fracture are:
- Tenderness close to the fracture
- Paleness and deformity
- Pain and swelling near the fracture area
- Numbness, tingling or paralysis below the fracture
- Bruising at the area
- Weakness and inability to bear weight
- Loss of pulse
Risk Factors for a Bone Fracture
Few things that can increase the risk of bone fractures are:
- Tumours of the bone
- Irresponsible behaviour that increases the risk of accident
- Weak bones
- Certain activities that carry the risk of injury
Preventive Measures for Bone Fractures
Few things that you can do to avoid bone fractures are:
- Wear protective gear for sports
- If you have osteoporosis, avoid situations that can cause injury and always follow recommended treatment program
- Maintain a safe home environment
- Avoid drinking alcohol to avoid accidents due to unconsciousness
- Use seat belts while driving to avoid road accidents