Medical oncology is a subspecialty of internal medicine. It is devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of malignant (cancerous) tumors. It primarily involves the use of chemotherapy (medications that destroy cancer cells) as well as immunotherapy and targeted therapy. Medical therapies may be used in combination with cancer surgery and radiation therapy depending on your unique needs. Thus, it is recommended to get a check-up in one of the top hospitals in Jaipur to get the best outcomes.
During your initial consultation, you will meet your medical cancer specialist in Jaipur Manipal Hospital to review all your medical records including any recent tests, scans (CT scan or MRI) or X-rays and to discuss your treatment options. You should bring:
Any reports from imaging, lab or pathology studies.
A current list of all medications, supplements and herbal remedies you take, with their dosage and how often you take them.
Your health insurance card(s).
A list of any questions you have for your doctor.
You may also wish to have a family member or friend come with you to listen along with you to what the doctor says.
A multidisciplinary team, like the one at Manipal Hospital a multispecialty hospital in Jaipur, consists of one among the best cancer specialist in Jaipur from diverse areas who work together to help you fight cancer with confidence. Your team may include:
Specially trained nurses
The team comes together to develop a personal treatment plan that takes into account all aspects of care, everything from prescribing the most appropriate tests or therapies to addressing educational needs and emotional concerns. We then discuss the plan with you so you can make informed choices about your preferred course of care.
Seeking a second opinion is a personal choice. There are several reasons you may want to consider doing so. Most patients are looking for reassurance that the first opinion is correct and that they are exploring all of their treatment options. It is important to us that you are aware of all the options that are available to you before deciding on a course of treatment. We may also recommend you to seek a second opinion from one of the best hospitals in Jaipur if an oncology subspecialist would be appropriate. The only time a second opinion for any type of medical care is not appropriate is in an emergency.
Cancer patients often receive a combination of treatment types, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy, radiation therapy, and/or surgery. To ensure the best possible outcome, we have a multispecialty approach that brings all the doctors and other care specialists together as a team. Team members consult closely with one another and you before treatment starts, to determine the best course of action.
No, all of your chemotherapy, infusion and radiation therapy treatments are conveniently provided in the same building. Manipal Hospital is one of the top multispecialty hospital in Jaipur which provides all kinds of treatments under one roof.
Chemotherapy can prolong your life and potentially eliminate your cancer. Side effects are unpredictable and depend on the type of drug therapy being used. Fatigue, infection or illness, easy bruising or bleeding and hair loss are some of the most common side effects.
Other common side effects include:
Nausea and vomiting
Anemia (low red-blood-cell counts)
Changes in mood, libido and sexual function
Chemotherapy cannot differentiate normal cells from cancer cells and thus kills both, which is why side effects occur. Doctors give chemotherapy at levels that both treatments of cancer and side effects can be balanced. Doctors try to avoid using multiple medicines that have similar side effects.
The normal cells most likely to be damaged by chemo are:
Blood-forming cells in the bone marrow
Cells in the mouth, digestive tract and reproductive system
Some chemotherapy drugs can damage cells in the heart, kidneys, bladder, lungs and nervous system. Sometimes, you can take medicines with chemotherapy to help protect your body’s normal cells. There are also treatments to help relieve side effects. Discuss your concerns about potential side effects and any changes you are experiencing with your physician and cancer specialist in Jaipur.
Knowing the stage and grade of cancer helps your doctors know what treatment to use and determine the outcome. Staging reveals how far cancer has spread and grading helps predict how fast cancer will grow and spread.
Cancer is typically staged as:
Stage 0: Cancer hasn’t spread
Stages I, II and III: Cancer has grown or has spread into nearby tissues or lymph nodes. The higher the stage, the farther cancer has spread
Stage IV: Cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes, into other parts of the body
Grading, which is different from staging, refers to how abnormal tumor cells and tissue look under a microscope, an indication of how quickly a cancer is likely to grow and spread. Grading systems vary by cancer type, but in general, the following system is used:
G1: Well differentiated (low grade)
G2: Moderately differentiated (intermediate grade)
G3: Poorly differentiated (high grade)
G4: Undifferentiated (high grade)
Radiation therapy and Chemotherapy, both the treatments can be very well done on the same day. The patient is usually admitted in daycare for chemotherapy protocol delivery and moved to the Radiotherapy unit at the usual scheduled time. The patient returns back to complete the chemotherapy. The whole process is smoothly coordinated by the nurse in charge of the case. Cancer specialists in Jaipur Manipal Hospital are devoted to their patient’s treatment.