National Diabetes Month: Spreading Awareness and Offering Access to Diabetes Care
Dr. Abhishek Hajela
4 Min Read
Dec 12, 2022
Endocrinology studies internal hormones, their production and secretion, and how they affect metabolism. The Endocrine system comprises glands and tissues that release hormones. The glands that produce hormones include the Pituitary Gland, Hypothalamus, Thyroid Gland, Parathyroid Glands, Adrenal Glands, Pancreas and Ovaries/Testes. The Endocrine system regulates many functions throughout the body, including growth and development, metabolism and digestion, reproduction, mood stabilisation and more. Endocrinology deals with many essential conditions that affect people's lives differently. These include Diabetes Mellitus (type 1), Hypothyroidism (underactive Thyroid), Hyperthyroidism (overactive Thyroid) as well as Thyroid Cancer. An Endocrinologist diagnoses and treats disorders involving hormones. Endocrinologists treat diseases such as Diabetes, Thyroid and Parathyroid disorders, growth hormone deficiency, low levels of sex hormones in men and women, high blood pressure (Hypertension), heart disease, obesity, and menstrual disorders. Important Functions of Hormones Hormones are chemical messengers produced by the Endocrine Gland, which is attached to the brain. These hormones travel through the bloodstream to other body parts, regulating essential factors like: ● Metabolism is the breaking down of food and turning it into energy. It also helps regulate the body's temperature, blood pressure and other functions. ● Growth is specific parts of the body that hormones trigger. ● Sexual Function and Reproduction. Hormones act as messengers guiding body functions, and glands release them throughout the body. In women, the ovaries produce female sex hormones like Estrogen and Progesterone, which control reproduction. In men, the testes produce male sex hormones like Testosterone, which control sexual function. ● Sleep regulation happens through hormones that control our body's functions and affect our feelings. These hormones secrete in a particular pattern throughout the day and night. They work together in a feedback loop to help maintain a healthy sleep-wake cycle.
Manipal Hospitals is the best hospital in Jaipur. Our expert Endocrinologists specialize in treating the entire range of hormonal issues.
We are known as the best Diabetes hospital in Jaipur. Our facilities include diagnosis, screening, surgery, and comprehensive medical care for all endocrine-related problems.
Our multidisciplinary board includes a team of expert doctors across departments to offer the best treatment to every patient.
This is a treatment done to add, block or remove hormones in the body. Depending on the nature of the hormonal disorder, an endocrinologist will recommend medication or treatment that increases or regulates the levels of a hormone or multiple hormones in the body. For example, diabetics are often given insulin to help control their blood sugar. It…
The human body generates over 50 hormones, come essential hormones include:
Visit the best endocrinology hospital in Jaipur where you can get the finest treatment with the help of a top endocrinologist in Jaipur.
Diabetes is when the body cannot create enough Insulin. This hormone helps the body to create energy using glucose. When we eat, the body breaks down carbohydrates into sugars for energy. The Pancreas makes Insulin to help cells absorb glucose from the bloodstream.
The two main types of Diabetes are:
Type 1 Diabetes is a type that usually develops during childhood or adolescence and cannot be controlled with diet and exercise alone. It results when the Pancreas fails to produce enough Insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes is a type that usually develops in adults and results from insulin resistance combined with a relative lack of insulin production by the Pancreas. This form can be controlled with diet and exercise but may require oral medications or insulin injections.
Thyroid conditions result from an overactive or underactive thyroid or problems with the pituitary gland, which directs the Thyroid.
Metabolic conditions occur when the body cannot break down food or process nutrients. The most common metabolic conditions include Diabetes and obesity.
An underlying medical issue, such as a genetic disorder or an infection, can cause a metabolic condition. In other cases, it can result from lifestyle choices like excessive exercise or dieting.
Sexual Function and Reproduction Conditions
Sexual Function and Reproduction Conditions happen when a body's reproductive system does not function properly. Different disorders can affect sexual function, including Erectile Dysfunction (ED), Premature Ejaculation, Vaginismus (involuntary spasms of the Vagina during sex), painful intercourse, low sex drive/libido, and infertility.
Bone conditions affect the skeleton and result from Endocrine problems, such as Hypothyroidism or Hyperparathyroidism.
Endocrine Cancers are a broad category of tumors that affect the Endocrine System. The most common types of Endocrine Cancers are:
Five-Day Glucose Sensor (Diabetes) Test
This test determines whether a patient has Diabetes. It involves a five-day monitoring of glucose levels in the blood. It is often a follow-up after an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT).
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
The test checks the body's response to glucose. It determines whether a patient has Diabetes or checks for Gestational Diabetes in pregnant women.
The test involves drinking a sugary solution and collecting blood samples at specific times, which can indicate insulin resistance or other health issues.
A urine test may assess the levels of certain chemicals in the body, including blood sugar, blood proteins, and minerals such as calcium, sodium, and phosphorus. The various methods include:
TSH Blood Test
The Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) measures the level of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone in the blood.
The test diagnoses Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, and Thyroid Cancer.
A Thyroid Scan uses a radioactive isotope to identify the functioning of the Thyroid gland. This scan diagnoses thyroid conditions, such as Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism.
ACTH Stimulation Test
ACTH Stimulation Test, also known as Cortisol Stimulation Test, measures Cortisol in the body. Adrenal Glands secrete Cortisol, a hormone that helps regulate the metabolism, blood pressure, and immune system.
CRH Stimulation Test
The CRH Stimulation Test diagnoses Cushing's Syndrome. The patient receives an injection of Corticotropin-releasing Hormone (CRH), and the effects of the hormone are analyzed.
CRH is a naturally occurring hormone that stimulates the Pituitary Gland to produce ACTH, another hormone that controls Cortisol production by the Adrenal Glands. An excessive amount of ACTH can lead to Hypercortisolism (high cortisol levels), which can cause Cushing's Syndrome and other symptoms.
Semen Analysis helps determine the health of a man's reproductive organs, as well as his fertility. It can also provide information about overall health and well-being.
The test involves analyzing several components of semen to evaluate its quality and quantity.
Dexamethasone Suppression Test
The Dexamethasone Suppression Test (DST) measures the body's ability to produce Cortisol. It helps diagnose Addison's Disease and Cushing's Syndrome, two conditions that can lead to Hypercortisolism.
Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy Test
Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy Test (FNAC) diagnoses cancer and other diseases. The doctor inserts a needle into the tissue and removes cells. These cells are then examined under a microscope to determine if they are cancerous or not.
Bone Density Test
Bone Density tests measure the amount of calcium in the bones. The test can help determine if a patient has a low bone density, which can lead to Osteoporosis.
It is also called DXA (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry).
Endocrine Therapy uses medication or treatment to increase or regulate the levels of a Hormone or multiple hormones in the body. Endocrine therapy treats cancer and other illnesses, as well as manages symptoms.
Endocrine Therapy works by either adding, blocking, or removing hormones from the body. For example, it may increase Estrogen levels in women with breast cancer or reduce testosterone levels in men with prostate cancer.
Cushing Syndrome Treatment
Cushing Syndrome is a condition caused by the overproduction of Cortisol.
Surgery treats Cushing Syndrome if a tumor or cyst causes it in the Pituitary Gland. In this case, the tumor or cyst will be removed and replaced with healthy tissue.
Radiation therapy can treat Cushing Syndrome if a tumor or cyst causes it in another part of the body, like the Adrenal Glands or Pancreas. In this case, radiation kills cancer cells so they do not continue to grow and spread throughout the body.
Diabetes management includes counseling, education, and lifestyle management. The treatments include:
This test evaluates the eyes for signs of Retinopathy due to high blood sugar, which can cause blindness if not treated promptly.
This procedure uses laser light to treat bleeding or leaking blood vessels in the eye. It prevents further vision loss from diabetic Retinopathy.
This surgery may be necessary to restore vision and improve circulation through the eye.
This test evaluates the retina at the back of the eye for changes related to Diabetes.
A specialized examination of the retina will find abnormalities that could lead to blindness due to diabetes-related damage, such as bleeding or swelling of the retina (Diabetic Retinopathy).
Doctors check for ulcers on the feet or ankles, which may be severe.
The test includes skin inspection, palpation, and auscultation and may indicate diabetes-related complications such as neuropathy and renal disease.
The test evaluates gait, motor strength, reflexes, sensation, balance, coordination, cranial nerves, and ocular movements.
The other Diabetes tests and treatments include:
Thyroid Disorders Management
The treatment of Thyroid Disorders includes:
Thyroid screenings include:
Pediatric Growth Disorder Management
The treatment for Paediatric Growth Disorder Management includes hormone therapy and surgery.
Infertility And Sex-Related Disorders
Infertility is the inability to conceive despite trying for a year. Sex-related disorders include Erectile Dysfunction (ED), Premature Ejaculation (PE), and Female Orgasmic Disorder.
The treatment and diagnosis for male infertility include:
The treatment and diagnosis for male infertility include:
The correction of Intersex, blending or mixing of the internal and external features of male or female include:
During your first visit, your medical history will be taken and examined, after which consultation with an endocrinologist will decide which tests you need to take. Certain test reports may take time to come back from the lab, so you may be asked to return at a later date.
Common risk factors are:
High blood pressure
To get rid of these, visit the best diabetes and endocrinology hospital in Jaipur.
Symptoms of diabetes are as follows:
Slow healing of sores and wounds
Frequent gum & skin infections
Reach out to the top diabetes and endocrinology hospital in Jaipur, if you notice any of the symptoms.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or controlled by making good lifestyle choices in your diet and exercise. To know more, walk in to diabetes and endocrinology hospital in Jaipur.
Since the risk of diabetes increases with age and with a family history of diabetes, it is considered a good practice to visit an endocrinologist once every year to examine the need for medication or changing your lifestyle.
There are many ways to prevent Diabetes.
A patient should understand the cause of Diabetes.
Avoid excess fat and Sugar in the diet. Even though fat is a part of our diet, it should not be in excess.
Avoid Sugar as it can cause inflammation in the body and lead to Diabetes.
Cardiovascular exercises like running, swimming and cycling are suitable for the heart and lungs and help burn calories which helps prevent obesity which is one of the risk factors for Diabetes.
Maintain a healthy weight by exercising regularly and eating fruits and vegetables instead of junk food that contain high amounts of sugar and artificial substances.
Consult the best Diabetes doctor in Jaipur at Manipal Hospitals for effective management of Diabetes.
The Thyroid Gland produces hormones to regulate metabolism. If the Thyroid stops functioning correctly, it can cause many health problems. Hormone Replacement Therapy treats Hypothyroidism when Thyroid stops producing enough hormones.
While most patients need to take medication for a lifetime, some people who take hormone replacements may not need to take them forever. It depends on whether or not they have Hyperthyroidism (when your Thyroid produces too much hormone).
Consult the best Endocrinologist in Jaipur at Manipal Hospitals for an effective Thyroid treatment.
Glands are particular types of cells that release hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are chemicals that affect how the body works. They can change how the heart beats or how much we grow. Glands also help us smell, taste and digest food.
Insulin Resistance is the inappropriate response of the body's cells to Insulin, a hormone produced by the Pancreas. It helps regulate blood sugar or glucose.
In those with Insulin Resistance, the cells cannot use Insulin properly and, therefore, cannot regulate blood sugar levels effectively.
Insulin resistance can lead to Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease if left untreated.
Manipal Hospitals understands that the treatment of endocrinological disorders requires a long term approach. This is why Manipal Hospitals is dedicated to its patients and their long term health and its team of experienced experts is a testament to this. Contact us to know more about how to keep your endocrine system healthy and book an appointment with one of our experts today!