A Complete Guide to Liver Transplant
Every year India has over 1 Lakh people waiting for a liver transplant, with the...
A liver transplant is a surgical procedure that removes a diseased liver that fails to function properly (liver failure) and is replaced with a healthy, functional liver procured either from a compatible deceased donor or a portion of a healthy liver from a living donor. A liver transplant surgery is usually done for patients who have significant complications due to end-stage chronic liver disease as a final option. A liver transplant can also be done on a rare occasion of sudden failure of a healthy liver.
Coming under the branch of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Manipal Hospital Jaipur's Liver transplant program is one of the most advanced in the country. The Liver transplantation program hosts a team of liver transplant surgeons, doctors, nurses and other health professionals, who take care of the patient and the patient's family through the transplant process. Manipal Hospitals Jaipur provides quality care focused on the individual needs of a patient.
Manipal Hospital is one of the best liver transplant hospital in Jaipur treating people with advanced-stage liver disease from all over India and consistently achieving outstanding results as one of the nation’s top programs.
Causes of Liver Failure
Liver failure can be due to a variety of conditions like Hepatitis B and C, Alcoholic liver disease, Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, genetic diseases affecting the liver, including hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease, diseases affecting the bile ducts (the tubes that carry bile away from the liver), such as primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis and biliary atresia.
Symptoms of Liver Disease
• Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin)
• Malaise and fatigue
• Weight loss and muscle wasting
• Dark, tea-coloured urine
• Gray or clay-colored stools
• Mental confusion or coma (this is called encephalopathy)
• Ascites (an abnormal collection of fluid in the abdomen)
• Vomiting of blood
• Frequent nose bleeds
• Easy bruising
Treatment & Procedures
The liver is the largest internal organ performing several critical functions, and a liver transplant is usually referred to when it stops performing those functions because of chronic liver disease or sudden failure of a previously normal liver.
But the number of people waiting for a liver transplant exceeds the number of available donor livers. Hence, Manipal Hospitals Jaipur welcomes family members or friends as they could make a good match and donate a portion of their liver. The human liver regenerates faster and returns to its original size soon after the surgery, and this makes living-donor liver transplant the best option rather than waiting for a deceased-donor liver to become available.
Manipal Hopsital is considered as one of the renowned hospitals for liver transplant in Jaipur having a team of experts experienced in performing solid-organ transplantation and they also produce some of the best outcomes in the country.
Evaluation for Liver Transplant
A series of tests including blood and urine tests, imaging of the liver, such as an ultrasound and CT scan, heart tests (ECG, ECHO etc), psychological evaluation and general health examination to evaluate the overall health and to check for any other illnesses that may impact the success of the transplant.
Financial counselling to help the patient understand the cost of a transplant and post-transplant care.
Once these tests and consultations are completed, the transplant center's selection committee meets to discuss. The committee determines whether a liver transplant is the best treatment for the patient and whether the patient is healthy enough to undergo a transplant.
Tests will be conducted in willing donors to look for compatibility. Once a suitable donor has obtained a part of the liver from the donor is removed and implanted into the recipient. The liver of both will grow back to their regular size in a few weeks.
A donor is brain dead and his heart is still beating, but they’re legally dead because their brain has stopped working permanently. The donor is usually present in an intensive-care unit.
During The Day of the Transplant
Liver transplants usually take 8 to 12 hours. The surgery for both recipient and donor will take place simultaneously. The surgeons will take out the diseased liver and replace it with the donor liver. The recipient may require several units of blood and blood products during and after the procedure. Since the transplant is a major procedure, the surgeons will have to put several tubes in the recipient's body. These tubes are necessary to help the body do certain things during the operation and for a few days afterwards. Immediately after the procedure both recipient and donor will be shifted to the intensive care unit.
After a liver transplant
The patient has to stay in the intensive care unit for a few days followed by an additional 5 to 10 days in the hospital. The transplant team designs a checkup schedule. The patient would have to undergo blood tests a few times each week at first and then less often over time.
The patient requires a number of medications after the liver transplant, some of them for the rest of the life. These drugs include immunosuppressants, to keep the immune system from attacking the new liver. Other drugs help reduce the risk of other complications after the transplant. It will normally take six months to feel fully recovered after the transplant. The patient may be able to resume normal activities or go back to work a few months after surgery.
The liver is one of the most complex organs playing an important role in the quality of life. Liver transplantation restores a better quality of life and helps patients in living healthy. Some of the reasons why a transplant would be needed are:
Acute liver failure
Cirrhosis, Hepatitis (viral, autoimmune and idiopathic)
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Primary sclerosing cholangitis
If you are looking for a liver transplant in Jaipur then consult Manipal Hospitals Jaipur, our liver transplant doctors and surgeons are there to cater to the most critical liver-related concerns.