Laboratory Medicine is a branch of medical practice that uses laboratory tests to diagnose, monitor, and treat disease. Laboratory medicine encompasses clinical pathology, microbiology, haematology, and biochemistry. Laboratory medicine tests are conducted in a medical lab by trained professionals who use various tools to test bodily fluids and tissues. Tests also happen on blood, tissue samples, stool, or other bodily fluids.
The Manipal Hospitals, Jaipur, is a top-of-the-line facility with the most advanced laboratory equipment and diagnostic services in Rajasthan. Our lab uses world-class equipment and advanced technologies to provide the most accurate assessments. We also offer same-day service and flexible appointments with the help of digital communications.
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Clinical Biochemistry studies the chemical composition and metabolism of human body fluids, such as blood and urine. It diagnoses diseases, monitors patients' health, and determines how well patients respond to treatment.
Clinical Microbiology and Serology
Clinical Microbiology and Serology are the two branches of microbiology that are involved in diagnosing infectious diseases. Clinical Microbiology deals with the study and identification of microorganisms that cause disease, while Serology is the study of antibodies and their function.
Clinical Pathology is the subspecialty that diagnoses disease through a variety of tests. It combines laboratory medicine, clinical skills, and medical knowledge. Clinical pathologists are knowledgeable about a broad range of diseases and help to identify diseases in the human body.
Cytopathology studies cells and tissues using cell analysis. It analyses cells from different body parts, including blood, urine, sputum and stool. Cytologists study these samples and use microscopes to identify abnormal cells or tissues that could be infectious or cancerous.
Haematology studies blood components. It is a sub-field of clinical pathology and laboratory medicine and a branch of internal medicine that studies the blood, its formation, and its functions. Haematologists are physicians who specialise in diagnosing and treating conditions related to blood.
Molecular Biology studies how molecular processes influence the development and function of living organisms. It focuses on DNA and RNA, critical components of all biological systems. Molecular biology focuses on aspects like genetics, biochemistry, and cell biology.
2D ECHO stands for 2-dimensional echocardiography. It is a type of ultrasonography that uses sound waves to examine the heart and surrounding structures. This test can help the doctor diagnose heart disease, valve disease, and other conditions.
Bone Densitometry measures the quality of bone tissue in a specific body area. It diagnoses osteoporosis and other conditions that affect bone density. The test happens by X-ray or Nuclear Imaging (also known as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) or with ultrasound waves.
A CT Scan (Computed Tomography) is a non-invasive diagnostic test that uses X-rays to create cross-sectional images of the body. The images can identify abnormalities and assess the extent of the disease. Doctors also use CT Scans with other diagnostic tests, such as MRI and PET scans, for more complete assessments.
Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA)
Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) detects and diagnoses vascular diseases. It involves taking several images of the same area in the body, each with different contrast materials injected into the bloodstream. The images are then superimposed on one another, allowing doctors to see where blood vessels have become narrowed or blocked.
EEG stands for Electroencephalogram. It records the brain's electrical activity through the scalp to diagnose certain conditions. EEGs diagnose neurological disorders, epilepsy, sleep disorders, and brain tumours. They can also determine whether someone is unconscious.
Electromyography (EMG)/ Electrophysiology (EP)
Electromyography (EMG) measures the electrical activity of muscles. It diagnoses a muscular and neuromuscular disease and evaluates the effect of physical therapy on muscles. EMG involves placing electrodes over the skin near the muscle. The electrodes detect the electrical impulses when muscles contract. These impulses are recorded and displayed as a waveform on a monitor. Electrophysiology (EP) is a branch of medicine that studies the heart's electrical activity. EP can be used to diagnose heart conditions, such as arrhythmias and cardiac arrest.
Gamma Cameras use gamma rays to create high-quality images of the body. They can detect cancer and other diseases and look for abnormalities in the brain, heart, or other organs. A Gamma Camera works by detecting photons emitted by radioactive isotopes or radionuclides when they decay. Scintillator crystals that emit light when a photon strikes detect these photons. The light converts into an electrical signal for reading.
Holter Monitoring assesses whether or not a person has arrhythmias. An electrophysiologist specialising in abnormal heart rhythms will order the test for a patient who has complained of palpitations or skipped beats. The patient will wear a Holter Monitor for 24 hours and must be able to keep it on their body all day. The doctor will then review the results and determine whether or not further testing needs to occur.
Mammography helps doctors detect breast cancer. The patient rests on an X-ray table as the mammogram machine moves around the body to capture different angles of the breast tissue. A radiologist interprets the test results.
An MRI Scan is a non-invasive diagnostic test that provides detailed images of the body's soft tissues, such as muscles, tendons, ligaments and internal organs. MRI machines use strong magnetic fields to create images of the body's internal structures. Patients are placed inside the MRI machine while it takes multiple pictures of their anatomy. Doctors then use the images to diagnose and treat medical conditions including tumours, infections and strokes, fractures, degenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, arthritis, back pain, spinal problems, tears in tendons or ligaments, and nerve entrapments around joints or in soft tissues like muscles and tendons.
PET CT Scan
A PET(Positron Emission Tomography) CT scan visualises the body's cells and tissues and their metabolic activity by measuring the radiation emitted from two types of radioactive molecules injected into the bloodstream. It diagnoses and monitors cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and other medical conditions.
Spirometry is a method of measuring the lung process. It measures the rate at which patients can inhale and exhale air and how much air they can move in and out of their lungs. The test involves blowing into a tube connected to a machine. The machine then calculates how much air blew into the tube and how quickly and deeply the patient blew it.
Treadmill Testing (TMT)
Treadmill Testing (TMT) measures blood pressure and heart rate while a patient walks on the treadmill. The test detects high blood pressure, which can harm health. It can also show irregular heartbeats or risk for Coronary Artery Disease. A doctor sets the treadmill to a certain speed and incline, and the patient walks on it for several minutes. The doctor monitors the patient's heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation level, and other parameters during the test.
Ultrasound is non-invasive imaging that uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the body's interior. The sound waves transmitted through a transducer (a device that converts electrical signals into sound) reflect by tissues in the body. The transducer receives reflected waves and measures the electronic signals. These signals are displayed as images on a monitor or printed on film for interpretation by a physician. It lets doctors see internal organs, blood vessels, and other structures in real time.
Urodynamic Studies measure the pressure and flow of urine through the urinary tract. These studies can help doctors determine how well the bladder, urethra, and ureters are functioning, which can help them diagnose or rule out conditions like urinary incontinence or bladder cancer. Urodynamic Studies involve filling the bladder with liquid and measuring urine in the bladder after urinating. This information indicates obstructions in the urinary tract that need treatment.
X-rays examine the internal structures of the body. They can detect tumours, fractures, foreign objects, and other abnormalities. X-ray machines generate images by sending electromagnetic waves through the body. The waves pass through soft tissue but can not penetrate more rigid materials like bones, which appear as a white shadow in the image.
Yes, Manipal Hospitals, Jaipur, has an NBAL-accredited laboratory. We have the best laboratory and diagnosis facility in Jaipur.
The following are standard tests to identify urinary problems:
A Urinalysis looks at the urine under a microscope to detect blood, bacteria, and other substances in the urine. A urinalysis is part of a routine check-up or when someone has symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI).
A Urine Culture takes a urine sample from the bladder and grows bacteria on particular laboratory media. The purpose is to identify the type of bacteria causing infection for doctors to prescribe appropriate antibiotics.
Urine Flow Studies measure how much urine can pass through the kidneys each minute. The doctor recommends this test to diagnose Enlarged Prostate Gland or frequent urination at night (nocturia).
Eat a healthy meal beforehand to ensure that blood sugars are stable and that test results do not fluctuate too much due to changes in blood glucose levels. Additionally, do not drink alcohol and avoid heavy exercise for 12 hours before the appointment.
Doctors test problems in the brain by using imaging, such as an MRI or CT Scan. They can also use Electroencephalograms (EEGs) to measure electrical activity in the brain.
Doctors can also use other tests, such as blood and urine tests, to get more information about what is happening inside the body
Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals, the best Laboratory Medicine Hospital in Jaipur. Visit us and consult with the experts to have the best treatment