Know all about Arthritis: Causes, Types, Symptoms and Treatments
Dr. B R Bagaria
Oct 25, 2022
Orthopaedics deals with diagnosing and treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system. An orthopaedic surgeon treats musculoskeletal conditions like broken bones and torn ligaments. They diagnose and treat sports injuries, congenital deformities, and other skeletal problems.
Manipal Hospitals is the best orthopaedic hospital in Jaipur. They have over 68 years of experience and more than 4000 doctors across 28 multi-speciality hospitals that offer more than 7600 beds. The finest Orthopaedic doctors in Jaipur treat many orthopaedic conditions, including Sports Injuries, Paediatric Orthopaedics conditions, Arthritis Diagnosis, and pain management.
Manipal Hospitals has state-of-the-art laboratories and equipment to help to get moving fast.
This is a surgical procedure that removes the Lamina, the rear side of the vertebrae. The surgery is also referred to as a decompression surgery and relieves pressure on the spinal cord caused by overgrowth of bone (bone spur) in the spinal canal. Laminectomies are more common among older people who are prone to developing bone spurs.
An intra-articular injection or joint injection is a procedure used in the treatment of inflammatory joint conditions such as arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. The procedure may also be used to withdraw excess fluid from the joints.
The removal of the cast is a very simple procedure, which takes only 15 minutes, and has no pain or side effects and will be performed by the doctor.
This is a surgical procedure to correct misalignment in the skeleton where a bone is longer or shorter than its opposite. The misalignment is corrected by cutting or reshaping the bone to bring it back to normalcy. An osteotomy is often done as a way to delay or avoid hip or knee replacement surgery in the future.
Treatment for this condition depends on the cause and severity of nerve compression. Typically, pinched nerves are treated with physiotherapy, steroids (NSAID's corticosteroids, etc. However, in some cases, orthopedic surgery may be required to remove scar tissue or any other obstructive material that is interfering with the nerves.
This condition is also known as a ruptured or slipped disc. It irritates nearby nerves and results in pain, weakness or numbness in the leg or arm. The treatment for herniated discs is generally reduced activity, physiotherapy and surgical repair of the disc.
Advanced surgical procedures are carried out by specialists in the case of complex injuries in the muscles, bones, and ligaments that hinder the performance of professional athletes. Various techniques and specialized programs are developed to treat and avoid injuries related to sports. Specialists aim to restore complete functionality to patients…
Orthopaedic conditions are any problems related to the skeletal system. The skeletal system includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and skin.
Orthopaedic conditions are any problems related to the skeletal system. The skeletal system includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and skin. Common orthopaedic conditions include:
Osteoarthritis - A joint disease that results in degenerative pain and stiffness. It can affect one joint or several joints at once. The pain is often worse when patients move the affected joint or try to use it.
Osteoporosis - A condition when bones are fragile. Osteoporosis is common in women as they lose bone mass faster after menopause.
Rheumatoid Arthritis - An inflammation of the joints caused by an autoimmune disease that causes pain and swelling in different body areas like fingers and toes. Manipal Hospitals has the finest Orthopaedic doctors in Jaipur and offers complete treatment for all Orthopaedic conditions, including:
Damaged Knee Joint
Damaged Hip Joint
Compromised Soft Tissues
Congenital Muscular Torticollis
Elbow/ Wrist Deformity
Radial Ray Anomalies
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease of Hip
Congenital Coxa Vara
Leg Length Discrepancy
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
Knee/ Ankle Deformity
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
Posterior lateral complex (PLC)
Rotator Cuff Injuries
Dislocation with Bone Loss
Damaged Humerus and Ulna
Dislocation with Fracture
Pain or Numbness
Rupture of Flexor and Extensor Tendon
Curved Fingers Correction
Foot and Ankle
Torn or Damaged Achilles Tendon
Recurrent Ankle Sprains
Cancer of Bones and Muscles.
X-ray - X-rays are a standard medical imaging technology. They diagnose many orthopaedic conditions, including Fractures, torn Ligaments, and Bone Tumors. The X-ray machine projects electromagnetic radiation in the form of X-rays through a patient's body onto a photographic film or detector within the machine. The X-rays pass through soft tissue. They pass at varying rates through bones and other metallic objects, making some areas appear lighter than others in the image. mA radiologist interprets how much damage has occurred to these structures based on what appears on the X-ray image and compares it against normal anatomy.
CT Scan - A CT scan generates a series of cross-sectional X-ray images. A CT scan can help doctors diagnose many orthopaedic conditions, including Bone Fractures and Soft Tissue Injuries. CT scans detect tumours in the spine, pelvis or skull and other conditions like Hip Dysplasia or Osteomyelitis (infection of the bone). The CT scan is an essential tool for diagnosing problems related to the brain and spine, such as trauma from an accident or sports injury, bleeding within the brain (Haemorrhage), Stroke or Tumour.
MRI - MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) diagnoses orthopaedic conditions by magnetic fields and radio waves that produce images of the body's soft tissues, bones, and organs. The process does not use ionizing radiation, making it safer for patients than other imaging tests.
EMG - EMG uses electrical impulses to measure muscle activity. It diagnoses orthopaedic conditions, including Neuromuscular disease, Nerve damage, and Joint and Muscle injuries. It can also diagnose tumours and other abnormalities in muscles.
Intra Articular Injection - Intra Articular Injections treat Orthopaedic conditions, including Arthritis, Joint Pain, Swelling, Muscle Strains and Sprains. A surgeon inserts a needle into the affected joint space around the bone. The medication helps reduce inflammation and allows joint movement.
Cast Removal - Cast removal is a treatment for orthopaedic conditions like fractures and ligament tears. Doctors remove the cast when the body part has healed, and the cast has served its purpose. The patient might get a new cast if the injury needs further treatment or if there is a risk of another injury while performing everyday activities.
Laminectomy - Laminectomy treats orthopaedic conditions and relieves pressure on the spinal cord or nerves due to Herniated Discs or Spinal Stenosis. Doctors perform Laminectomy by removing the lamina, a bony plate between vertebrae in the spine. It can be performed through an open incision or with an Endoscopic approach.
Osteotomy - Osteotomy is a surgical procedure in which the bone is cut and then repositioned to correct a deformity or realign the limb. It treats conditions such as Scoliosis, a Curvature of the spine, and Rheumatoid Arthritis, an autoimmune disease that affects joints, or other conditions that require realignment of bones.
Pinched Nerves Treatment - Pinched Nerves cause neck and back pain. Bone spurs, herniated disks or other structures in the spine, and inflammatory conditions such as Arthritis or Fibromyalgia can cause Pinched Nerves. Pinched nerves can cause pain, tingling or numbness in the arms or legs and may also lead to weakness in the arms or legs. Depending on the cause of symptoms, many treatments for pinched nerves exist. The doctor may recommend physiotherapy to help loosen muscles around the spine and relieve any pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots. Pain medications can also help reduce discomfort. Doctors may recommend surgery if medication alone does not relieve pain.
Herniated Discs Treatment - Herniated discs cause back pain and occur anywhere along the spinal column but are most common in the lower back.Doctors treat Herniated Discs through spinal decompression. This procedure involves using a device that applies constant pressure to the spinal column and temporarily relieves pressure on the nerve root, allowing it to heal.
Sports Injury Treatment - Sports injuries are common, and they can range from mild to severe. A mild injury may only require a few days of rest, while a severe injury might take months or years to recover. If there is no damage, the patient can rest the injured area until it heals naturally. If there is damage, the doctor may prescribe medication or another treatment method to help speed up the healing process. The patient may also need surgery or other medical procedures performed by an orthopaedic surgeon specializing in fixing bones and joints damaged due to accidents.
Total Knee Replacement - Total Knee Replacement replaces the knee's worn-out or damaged parts with artificial parts. The surgery can be done on either one or both knees simultaneously, depending on the doctor's assessment. The Total Knee Replacement Surgery relieves pain and improves function in patients with pain in their knees due to Arthritis, which causes damage to the knee joint cartilage and affects millions of people worldwide as they age.
Total Hip Replacement - Total Hip Replacement removes and replaces diseased bone and cartilage in a diseased hip joint with an artificial joint that may include parts of other bones. The goal of this operation is to relieve pain and restore function to the hip joint. This surgery often helps patients who have severe Osteoarthritis of the hips.
Primary Complex Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery - Primary Complex Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery replaces the hips or knees with artificial joints. The procedure can help treat Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Avascular Necrosis. The process helps patients diagnosed with advanced Osteoarthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis. Primary Complex Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery aims to relieve pain and restore normal motion to the affected joint.
Total Elbow Replacement - Total Elbow Replacement replaces the damaged or diseased elbow joint with an artificial joint. The procedure treats a variety of conditions, including Arthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Total Elbow Replacement is considered both reconstructive and therapeutic. It helps when there has been damage to the bones, ligaments, or tendons surrounding the elbow joint. Total Elbow Replacement Surgery's primary goals are to reduce pain and improve function.
Limb Deformity Correction - Limb Deformities result from bone deformities, muscle contractures, and nerve damage. Limb deformity correction surgery involves realigning the limbs so they are no longer deformed. The first step in limb deformity correction is to determine the cause of the limb deformity. If a bone deformity causes it, then surgery may not be necessary at all. Surgery may be necessary if muscle contracture or nerve damage is the reason.
Physiotherapy - Physiotherapy is a treatment method used to help patients recover from injury and illness. It can also prevent future injuries and illnesses. Physiotherapy involves physical exercises and manual manipulation of the body's tissues. These treatments improve mobility, reduce pain, and strengthen muscles and joints.
Arthroplasty - Arthroplasty removes a damaged or diseased cartilage and bone from the joint and implants a new bone to strengthen the joint. The process treats Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, and other conditions that affect the joints. The type of Arthroplasty depends on the patient's age, weight, activity level and health status.
Orthobiologics - Orthobiologics are substances that treat joint and bone disorders injected into the damaged area or delivered through a pump worn on the skin. The most common Orthobiologics are:
Orthobiologic Drugs - These drugs include proteins, cells, and growth factors that can help to stimulate and support healing in the body. Some drugs use human or animal cells or tissues.
Orthopaedic Implants - These implants include artificial parts such as pins, screws, nails, plates, rods and wires used to fix broken bones or other body parts after an injury or surgery.
Orthodontic Appliances - The appliances move the teeth back into position by applying forces at specific times throughout each day or night so that they gradually move into place over time without causing damage to healthy tissue surrounding them.
Cartilage Restoration - Cartilage Restoration is a surgical procedure that re-establishes the cushioning properties of cartilage in the knee, restoring mobility and reducing pain. The procedure removes a portion of the damaged cartilage by removing loose bone fragments and cleaning out scar tissue. A small chisel reshapes the remaining cartilage and covers it with a tissue-like material. In most cases, this results in improved function and reduced pain.
Joint Preservation Procedures - Joint Preservation Procedures help patients with damaged or diseased joints avoid joint replacement surgery. These procedures treat Osteoarthritis and other conditions that cause pain and discomfort in the joints. There are several options for joint preservation procedures, including injections, physical therapy, medications, and minimally invasive surgery.
Fracture Surgeries - Fracture Surgeries involve using metal implants, pins, screws and plates to stabilise broken bones. An Orthopedic surgeon performs the procedure for patients who have sustained a fracture in their spine, legs or arms. It may also treat fractures caused by an accident or injury.
Complex Articular Reconstructions - Complex Articular Reconstruction is a surgical procedure that restores function and stability to the knee, hip, ankle, and shoulder joints. These procedures can also improve mobility and functionality. Two techniques in this category include Microfracture Surgery and Osteochondral Autograft Transfer (OAT). Microfracture Surgery drills tiny holes in the joint's bone to stimulate new blood flow and growth. OAT involves taking cartilage from another body part and using it as a graft to repair damaged cartilage.
Salvage Procedures for Neglected Trauma - When a patient has neglected trauma, the surgeon first attempts a fracture reduction which involves reducing and stabilizing the fracture with hardware. The second method is to perform an Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF), which involves using screws and plates to hold the fractured bones together while they heal. The third option for Salvage Procedures is External Fixation (EF). External fixation involves placing pins into the bones through holes drilled in the skin and then attaching them to an external frame that keeps everything aligned while healing occurs.
Polytrauma Management - Polytrauma is a medical condition where more than one organ system is affected by trauma. The term describes the effects of traumatic injuries, including the brain, spinal cord, and extremity injuries. Polytrauma patients often require specialised care and treatment for each of their injuries. Polytrauma Management involves a team approach to treatment involving surgery and other therapies to address all injuries at once, reducing complications like infections that can lead to longer recovery times and more expensive treatments later on.
Limb Preservation - Limb Preservation enables the patient to keep their limbs intact. It is a surgical procedure to prevent limb amputation in severely injured patients. It involves reconstructing injured bones and joints so they can function properly again. It can also treat fractures, injuries or infections of bones or joints.
Oncological Reconstruction - Oncological Reconstruction includes improving function, reducing pain, and restoring physical appearance using various techniques and materials, including tissue-engineering techniques with injectable materials such as hyaluronic acid, Allografts from human or animal sources.
Sprengel Shoulder Surgery - Sprengel Shoulder Surgery corrects the alignment of the Humeral head by removing damaged cartilage. The operation includes an incision on the front of the shoulder joint and removing damaged cartilage. The procedure helps younger patients with minimal damage to their joints, along with older patients. The surgery improves the range of motion and reduces pain associated with the shoulder joint.
Torticollis Correction - Torticollis is when the head tilts to either side, typically due to an injury or a congenital disability. Physical therapy helps stretch the neck muscles and realign them in proper alignment. In severe cases, doctors might recommend surgery.
Manipal Hospitals has the best Orthopaedic doctors in Jaipur. The facilities include:
Shoulder Injury Management
Knees Injury Management
Joint Replacement Surgeries
Total Hip Replacement.
Surgical Treatments -
Joint Preservation Procedures
Complex Articular Reconstructions
Salvage Procedures for Neglected Trauma
Congenital and Developmental Disorders in Children
Hand and Wrist Disorders
Minimally Invasive Procedures
Pre-surgery and Post-Surgery Assistance.
After gathering general information about the patient's health, our orthopaedician will review the patient's medical history, and do a complete physical examination. Then the doctor might order the necessary investigations to determine the health of your body.
Total knee replacement is a very successful & skilled procedure where the damaged cartilage layer of bone is resurfaced & replaced with an artificial metal joint implant. TKR is a very successful & result-oriented surgery. Patients after knee replacement can perform all their daily routine activities without pain & without painkillers dependency. Get faster treatment at the best orthopedics hospital in Jaipur.
Manipal Hospital is one of the hospitals where we have a dedicated Infection Disease Consultant & expert team under his supervision.
Dedicated team, OR, Recovery ICU, JR Rooms & Rehab team.
We can statically say that our infection rates are lower (.04%) as compared to international rates of approx (1%).
For DVT prevention we follow international guidelines, DVT pump, anti-coagulants.
The technologies are:
Manipal Hospital Jaipur has a dedicated OT complex for TKR with well-equipped technologies used worldwide for TKR.
We are one of the pioneer centers in North India when it comes to the usage of world-class techniques for TKR.
At Manipal Hospital Jaipur usually patients don’t require blood transfusion as we use mussels preserving approaches like sub-vastus, and mid-vastus which help with functional restoration, no blood loss & offer faster recovery.
Depending on the patient's requirement we use conventional methods, navigation tech equipment & patient-specific instruments if required.
Although major joint replacement cases are being operated on using conventional methods by expert surgeons, however in some situations other technologies are also used.
To know more visit the orthopedics hospital in Jaipur.
You should visit an Orthopaedic doctor if you’re experiencing mild to excruciating pain in your bones, muscles or joints. A few of the commonly seen symptoms to visit an orthopaedic doctor are:
● Stiffness & uneasiness while performing daily activities
● Pain while performing daily activities
● Excruciating pain
● Slow or no improvement in soft tissue injuries
Orthopaedic surgery is a surgical intervention in the case of diseases or injuries concerning the musculoskeletal system. After proper diagnosis & consultation, orthopaedic surgeons treat several conditions that affect the bones, joints, ligaments, nerves & muscles. They help patients affected with mobility disorders recovery & lead a more fulfilling life.
The standard time is 3-5 days which is further reduced due to the mussels preserving technique & a dedicated team.
Day 1st: After a complete medical evaluation, and body part cleaning the patient is evaluated for fitness & medical clearance is awarded.
Day 2nd: Thereafter surgery is performed on day 2nd which usually takes 40-60 minutes.
Day 3rd: Under the supervision of the pain management team, the patient will start walking & get toilet training.
Day 3rd & 4th: Under complete supervision & guidance of an expert physiotherapy team, the patient will start full targeted exercises for the knee & achieve 90 flexions & 0 deg extension as per protocol. The patient resumes his/her day-to-day activities with the help of support & becomes self-dependent.
Day 5th: The patient is discharged after a complete evaluation.
Get a consultation at the top orthopedics hospital in Jaipur to receive this procedure of surgery.
Yes, it is possible to return to sports after knee surgery. However, the patient needs to follow the instructions of the Orthopaedic doctors in Jaipur.
An MRI can detect a ligament injury. This test uses magnetic waves to create images of the body, which makes it possible to detect injuries in soft tissue like ligaments. Arrive at the finest orthopedics hospital in Jaipur to know more about it.
The treatment of Bursitis includes:
Resting and applying ice to take the swelling down
Using medications and physical therapy to reduce pain and inflammation
Surgery for severe cases at the best orthopaedic hospital in Jaipur
Treating Osteoporosis involves stopping the disease from getting worse by taking medications and supplements, eating a healthy diet, and participating in regular exercise.
If Osteoporosis is already advanced, doctors may recommend surgery or replacement.
Having an orthopaedic condition like arthritis, ligament tears and cubital tunnel syndrome can affect the quality of life. Manipal Hospitals has dedicated to providing high-quality, personalized care and building long-term partnerships with its patients. Contact us to know more about orthopaedic problems and book an appointment with one of our orthopaedic specialists today.