Kidney Transplant and Precautions for Kidney Failure
Department of Nephrology
Aug 02, 2022
Renal diseases are a group of conditions that affect the kidneys, which are organs that help the body filter waste and maintain fluid balance. Injury, infections, genetic disorders or diabetes can cause renal diseases. According to WHO, 7.8 million people in India suffer from renal diseases compared to 1.2 million in the US. Nephrology deals with the kidneys, their functions and diseases. A nephrologist is a medical doctor specialising in treating kidney disease. Nephrology is a relatively new medical speciality, recognised since the 1950s. A Nephrologist treats kidney conditions, including glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis, infections like urinary tract infection (UTI), congenital anomalies such as polycystic kidney disease (PKD), and diseases like diabetes mellitus.
Manipal Hospitals is the best multispeciality hospital in Jaipur. The kidney specialist in Jaipur helps patients to manage the complete range of renal illnesses.
Along with the best nephrologist in Jaipur, we have kidney transplant surgeons, interventional nephrology radiologists and urologists who discuss the most suitable treatment for each patient.
Nephrology Hospital in Jaipur consists of:
Kidney specialist doctor in Jaipur
This is a synthetic process that allows a dialysis machine to filter your blood, removing waste and water. The process assists the body's impaired kidney function and is usually adopted while the patient undergoes treatment for the underlying disease, or till a suitable donor kidney becomes available. In the dialysis machine, the blood passes through…
A kidney biopsy involves taking one or more tiny samples of your kidney to look at with special microscopes.
This speciality of nephrology deals with kidney transplants which is gaining popularity among patients suffering from end-stage renal disease.
Sometimes it is impossible to find a compatible kidney donor. With urgency mounting, emergency cases may require an ABO incompatible kidney transplant.
This is a procedure by which a small piece of the kidney is surgically removed for lab testing. Biopsies are primarily used to test for cancer, but is also effective in detecting or confirming other forms of kidney disease. The biopsy can be done through minimally invasive methods, although sometimes a surgical biopsy may be needed to identify the…
This procedure takes a healthy kidney from a deceased or living donor and transplants it into a patient whose kidneys have failed. Without functional kidneys, the body accumulates harmful amounts of waste and fluid, which is a life-threatening situation. Everyone has two kidneys, and it is possible to function normally with just one, this makes it…
A paired kidney exchange, also known as a ‘kidney swap occurs when a living kidney donor is incompatible with the recipient, and exchanges kidneys with another donor/recipient pair.
CLKT is performed routinely in patients with cirrhosis and associated kidney diseases. Most of these patients have chronic renal failure due to parenchymal kidney diseases, in most cases glomerulopathy associated with alcoholic cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis B or C infection, or chronic renal failure due to kidney rejection after kidney transplantation.
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is becoming the treatment of choice for critically ill paediatric patients as well as neonatal patients with acute kidney injury and congenital errors of metabolism.
Transvaginal route for kidney extraction (TVE) has emerged as a contemporary surgical option during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy to minimize scars and to offer donors cosmetic advantages in tandem with low post-operative pain.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious medical condition which affects lakhs of people. Most cases of AKI are caused by reduced blood flow to the kidneys, usually in a patient who’s unwell with a health condition. The reduced blood flow could be caused by severe dehydration from excessive vomiting or diarrhoea or low blood volume after bleeding. Patients…
What are Kidney Diseases?
Kidneys are present below the ribcage on both sides of the spine, removing waste from the blood and creating urine.
Kidney diseases can vary from mild to severe, but they all have the potential to be fatal if left untreated. There are many different types of kidney disease, but they all fall into one of three categories: acute kidney failure (AKI) and chronic kidney failure (CKD).
Acute Kidney Failure (AKI) occurs when a person's kidneys suddenly stop working or work improperly due to injury or illness. AKI usually happens after an accident or surgery but can also result from dehydration, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Chronic Kidney Failure (CKD) is a more gradual process that takes place over time due to long-term illnesses like diabetes or high blood pressure; this causes damage to the kidneys' filtering system so that it cannot filter out waste from your blood as well as it should be able to. Chronic Kidney Failure can cause other health problems such as heart disease because of the extra work it puts on the cardiovascular system.
Manipal Hospitals is the finest kidney specialist hospital in Jaipur where you can get the best treatment with the help of top nephrology doctors in Jaipur. This hospital provides world-class diagnosis and treatment for kidney diseases, including:
Chronic kidney disease
Polycystic kidney disorder
Urinary tract infections
Protein in the urine
Blood in the urine
Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS)
Hepatorenal issues (Liver and Kidney)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
End-stage kidney disease
A kidney biopsy is a test used to determine the cause of kidney disease. In this process, a small piece of kidney tissue is extracted for analysis. The doctor will use local anesthesia to numb the area during a kidney biopsy. Next, they will use a needle to remove a small piece of tissue from the kidneys and place it on a slide that they can examine under a microscope.
Renal biopsy is a procedure that evaluates the complete renal system for illnesses and other conditions such as tumors or infections. Doctors perform the biopsy in cases with signs of inflammation or other kidney abnormalities. It can also diagnose kidney cancer. The doctor inserts a needle and takes out a small tissue sample to examine the kidneys. A renal biopsy allows for the detection of diseases like kidney cancer and CKD.
A urine test is a medical procedure to check the health of the kidneys. It can diagnose kidney disease, assess the risk of developing kidney disease and monitor health during treatment for kidney disease. A doctor may recommend periodic urinalysis tests to determine kidney disease, high blood pressure, anemia (low red blood cell count), or diabetes. The test will show whether there is a protein in the urine or if it contains abnormal amounts of glucose or ketones.
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a test that measures how well your kidneys filter waste and excess water from the blood. It indicates how kidneys are working overall. The GFR score is calculated by taking a blood sample and testing it for creatinine levels. Creatinine is a waste product produced as muscle tissue breaks down. A standard GFR score is between 90-120 ml/min/1.73m2, but some people may have higher or lower scores depending on age, gender, weight, height, race, and ethnicity.
Ultrasound and CT scans are two of the most common imaging techniques to diagnose kidney diseases. Ultrasound produces an image using sound waves that can help the doctor view kidneys and determine their size, shape, and whether they are functioning correctly. This test also detects kidney stones or other masses in the kidney. CT scans images of the body's internal structures and organs using X-rays. These scans can help diagnose conditions such as urinary tract obstruction or kidney tumors.
A blood creatinine test checks the level of creatinine present in the blood. Creatinine is a waste product produced when muscles are broken down and excreted through urine. Kidneys filter it out, helping get rid of excess water from the blood. The blood creatinine test measures how much creatinine is in the blood compared to how much there should be. The results of this test can detect kidney disease, as well as other health problems that affect the kidneys, including high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes mellitus, acute tubular necrosis (ATN), and Polycystic kidney disease (PKD).
Dialysis is a treatment for kidney disease. It removes waste and extra blood fluid from the body using hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis uses an external machine to remove waste, water, and excess minerals from the blood. It works by filtering the blood through a membrane with tiny pores to let water pass through but not larger particles such as proteins or cells. This process takes about four hours per session. Peritoneal dialysis involves placing a thin tube called a catheter into the abdomen and flushing out wastes with a special fluid called peritoneal dialysate.
Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon replaces a patient's kidney with a healthy one from another person. The donor can be an individual who has died (deceased donor) or is still alive (living donor). Kidney transplantation is an option for end-stage renal disease (ESRD)-irreversible kidney damage. ESRD can result from diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or polycystic kidney disease.
When a patient needs a transplant, their body cannot perform its functions without the help of an organ. They can choose to be on the waiting list for a donor organ or consider undergoing an exchange transplant. Exchange transplantation offers patients who need a kidney transplant the option to receive another organ from a willing donor. This process helps reduce wait times for both parties and helps them get back to everyday life faster than they had waited for the typical wait time associated with traditional donation methods alone. ABO-incomplete exchange handles cases where the recipient needs anti-rejection treatment from blood type mismatch. Whereas in the paired exchange, donors and recipients trade kidneys.
Swap kidney transplants are a transplantation option that helps prevent organ shortage. They involve two people, one of whom donates a kidney to the other, who then donated their kidney to someone else. The process allows two families to donate to their loved ones at once when they could not do so otherwise due to a blood group mismatch. The first donor is given another person's kidney and then gives theirs to another person.
The liver and kidney are often interconnected. If one of the organs fails, the other may be damaged. Combined liver and kidney transplantation (CKDT) saves the life of patients with cirrhosis and associated kidney ailments. In some cases, however, multiple donors may be required to perform a combined liver and kidney transplant because the recipient has specific health conditions requiring multiple transplants to save their life.
Continuous renal replacement therapy is a lifesaving treatment for neonatal and pediatric patients suffering from acute renal failure. Kidney diseases are the leading cause of hospitalization in children and can lead to high mortality rates if not treated immediately. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) treats using a machine to filter out waste products from the blood and deliver it back into your body. CRRT allows the kidneys to rest while they recover from their illness or injury.
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is a surgical procedure involving removing one kidney and the surrounding tissue of a living donor to transplant it into the recipient. In cases with an incision, the surgeon will use the laparoscope for visualization before making any other cuts to reduce the amount of scarring and improve healing time. The recovery time for this procedure can be anywhere from 1-2 days, and there are no restrictions on activity afterward—the donor can do whatever they want!
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a condition in which your kidneys are damaged and do not function properly. It can result from infection, medication, trauma, or other illnesses. The combined team of critical care physicians, nephrologists, and cardiologists at the best kidney hospital in Jaipur aims to treat acute kidney injury (AKI) as quickly as possible. This multidisciplinary approach can help to prevent permanent damage to the kidneys.
Desensitisation therapy can help complement kidney transplantation by eliminating a patient's allergic reactions and improving their immune function. Kidney Mismatch is a condition in which the kidneys do not function properly. The kidneys filter out waste products from the blood and remove them from the body through urine. Kidney Mismatch occurs when a kidney has only one functioning filtering unit or nephron. This problem can lead to increased waste products in the blood and decreased kidney function.
We are trusted as the best nephrology hospital in Jaipur, for the following treatments and procedures:
Hemodialysis IP & OP (Adult/Pediatric/Neonatal)
Peritoneal Dialysis – CAPD/CCPD (Adult/Pediatric)
SLED – Sustained Low-Efficiency Dialysis
CRRT- Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
Online Hemodiafiltration HDF
Laparoscopic or robotic surgeries
The best nephrologist in Jaipur
Kidney specialist doctor in Jaipur
After gathering general information about your health from you, your nephrologist will review your medical history, and do a complete physical examination. Then he might order blood and urine tests to determine the functioning of your kidneys.
It is responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of the disorders of the renal system such as
Protein in the Urine
Blood in the urine
Renal failure is acute and chronic
Polycystic kidney disease
Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS)
Hepatorenal problems (Liver and Kidney)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
End-stage kidney disease
Get the best treatment at the kidney hospital in Jaipur.
Kidneys are responsible for the removal of waste from the body by filtering the body's blood and producing urine. But in a circumstance of Kidney failure, the kidney loses 85 to 90% of its functionality, leading to the need for dialysis, which will filter the blood for waste, salt, and extra water. To know more, visit the nephrology hospital in Jaipur.
Also called ESRD, end-stage renal disease is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When kidneys fail, it means it has stopped working, and the patient needs dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. If it is acute meaning temporary can be corrected in most instances. Walk in to the best kidney hospital in Jaipur to get the finest treatment.
Patients with chronic irreversible kidney disease who do not respond to any medical treatments, and are either on dialysis or would need dialysis will be eligible for a kidney transplant.
Diabetes is a leading cause that increases blood sugar levels damaging kidneys and causing them to stop working. Other possible causes of kidney disease include high blood pressure, obesity, and too much protein in the urine.
Maintain optimal weight to prevent kidney disease, which helps reduce blood pressure and cholesterol.
Drink plenty of water to keep the kidneys healthy and working at their best.
Staying physically active helps keep the kidneys healthy and functioning well.
There are many treatments available for kidney diseases. Some of the most common treatments include lifestyle changes, dialysis and kidney transplant.
If someone is experiencing any symptoms like excess urine, inability to sleep, and persistent fatigue for more than two weeks and they do not seem to be getting better, it is time to see a nephrologist.
The long-term complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD) include:
Acute or chronic Kidney failure
High blood pressure
Cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke
Having a medical condition like kidney failure or a chronic kidney condition can affect your whole life. Manipal Hospitals has dedicated to providing high-quality, personalised care and building long-term partnerships with its patients. Contact us to know more about nephrological problems and book an appointment with one of our Nephrology specialists today.