Dr. Tapish Sahu

HOD - Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

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Reviewed by

Dr. Tapish Sahu

HOD - Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

Manipal Hospitals, Delhi

Vascular Surgery: Everything You Need To Know

Reviewed by:

Dr. Tapish Sahu

Posted On: Dec 01, 2023

blogs read 5 Min Read

What Is Vascular Surgery

What is Vascular Surgery?

Vascular surgery is a surgical super specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the blood vessels. This includes arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels. Vascular surgeons are trained to treat a wide range of conditions, including:

  • Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

  • Aneurysms (bulges of the arteries)

  • Peripheral artery disease (PAD) causing gangrene

  • Carotid artery disease

  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

  • Varicose veins

  • Raynaud's disease

  • Lymphedema

  • Diabetes related foot problems

  • Dialysis access solutions, including AV Fistulas, Permacaths

How is Vascular Surgery Performed?

Vascular surgery can be performed using a variety of techniques, including open surgery, hybrid procedures, and endovascular surgery. Open surgery involves making a large incision in the skin to access the blood vessels. Hybrid surgery involves making smaller incisions and using specialized tools to reach the blood vessels. Endovascular surgery involves inserting a catheter into a blood vessel, using X-ray imaging to guide the catheter to the desired location and ballooning/stenting the blood vessel if required. Manipal Hospitals Delhi has some of the best Vascular Surgeons in Delhi-NCR. 

The type of surgery that is best for you will depend on the specific condition you have and your overall health. Vascular surgeons will work with you to develop a treatment plan that is right and indicated for you. They may also prescribe only medications for certain diseases which can be treated without surgery

Common Vascular Surgery Procedures

Some of the most common vascular surgery procedures include:

  • Angioplasty and Stenting

This procedure is used to open up blocked or narrowed arteries. A small balloon is inserted into the artery and inflated to widen the vessel. A stent (a small metal mesh tube) may also be placed in the artery to keep it open.

  • Aneurysm Repair

This procedure is used to repair a weakened or bulging section of an artery. In some cases, a stent may be used to repair the aneurysm. In other cases, the aneurysm may need to be surgically repaired and replaced with a graft (a piece of blood vessel taken from another part of the body or a synthetic tube may be used).

  • Bypass Surgery

This procedure is used to create a new pathway for blood to flow around a blocked or narrowed artery. A graft is used to create the new pathway.

  • Varicose Vein Surgery

This procedure is used to remove or close the varicose veins. Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that often appear on the legs. This can be done through a small puncture near the ankle, under ultrasound guidance, and closure done by Laser wire, Radiofrequency wire or by instilling a special glue in the veins.

  • AV Fistula Surgery

An AV Fistula is a procedure done under local anesthesia to create a joint between and an artery and a vein. After approximately 6 weeks, the vein matures making it suitable for repeated punctures for hemodialysis. 

  • Carotid Endarterectomy

This is a surgery done on the neck to remove plaques from the main artery supplying the brain. This is done to prevent further chances of stroke due to blockages in the neck vessels.

  • Lymphedema Treatment

Lymphedema is a condition that causes swelling in the arms or legs. Lymphedema is caused by damage or degeneration of the lymphatic system, which is a network of vessels that helps to drain fluid from the body

How does one recover from Vascular Surgery?

The recovery time from vascular surgery will vary depending on the type of surgery you had and your overall health. Most people are able to go home from the hospital either on the same day (Day care) or within a few days after surgery. However, it may take several weeks to fully recover from vascular surgery. Manipal Hospitals Delhi has a robust environment of patient centric care, our doctors are equipped with the latest medical technology and state of the art Cath Labs to give their patients the best care. 

During your recovery, you will need to follow your doctor's instructions carefully. This may include taking pain medication, elevating your leg, and avoiding strenuous activity. It is also important to eat a healthy diet, implement life style modifications like smoking cessation, control of diabetes, hypertension and do regular exercise to help promote healing and reduce the risk of complications.

If you have any questions or concerns about vascular surgery, be sure to consult with a vascular surgeon in Delhi. They can help you understand the risks and benefits of surgery and help you make the best decision for the health of your loved ones.  Visit the best vascular surgery hospital to get the finest treatment in Delhi. Book an appointment now.

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