Mouth Sores: Everything You Need to Know

Mouth sores are the painful blisters that usually last for a week or two and are generally cured by their own. Mouth ulcers can be recurrent based on the underlying condition or family history. Mouth sores are accompanied by intolerable pain and formation of red or white-colored blisters inside the mouth. Mouth sores are very sensitive which cause severe pain and burning sensation when an external object or food particle gets in contact with the ulcer.

The signs and symptoms of mouth sores include:

  • Difficulty while eating
  • Painful ulcers
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Burning sensation inside the mouth
  • Bleeding gums
  • Fever
  • Tooth abscess
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Intolerable pain in swallowing

A wide variety of reasons can be the cause for the occurrence of mouth sores. Changes in the immune status of an individual and gastro-intestinal disease can be the underlying cause of mouth sores. Below mentioned are the few causes that lead to the development of mouth sores:

  • Certain foods: Consuming acidic (especially citrus juices and fruits) and spicy foods can irritate and trigger mouth sores.
  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal changes that occur during the onset of puberty and during the menstrual cycle can trigger mouth sores. Individuals undergoing stress are susceptible to mouth ulcers
  • Allergies: Mouth sores can be caused due to the attack of cold and flu viruses due to the low immunity.
  • Tobacco: Continuous smoking and chewing tobacco can cause mouth ulcers and sores on gums. Exposure of the sores to toxins and carcinogens in tobacco products increase the pain and acidity in the mouth
  • Nutritional deficiencies: Mouth sores can be caused due to the deficiency of iron, zinc, vitamin B-12 and folic acid.

Improper dental care: Poor dental hygiene can develop unwanted bacteria in the mouth which in turn lead to the development of mouth ulcers. Unhygienic use of dental appliances, improper fitting of dental braces and rough fillings of the teeth can pave the way for the development of mouth sores.

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