Kidneys are amongst the most vital organs of your body. The main function of the kidneys is to filter your blood. If the kidneys get damaged, the waste products and the fluids build up in your blood. Diabetes is a chronic condition that may damage your kidneys leading to a condition called diabetic nephropathy.
In chronic diabetic patients, small blood vessels can get damaged. If the blood vessels of the kidneys get injured, it leads them to become dysfunctional.
Diabetes can also damage the nerves, making it difficult for the kidneys to empty the bladder. Consequently, pressure builds up in the kidneys injuring them. Also, the prolonged presence of urine in the kidneys can lead to infections due to high sugar levels in diabetic patients.
Nearly 30% of patients with type I diabetes and about 10-40% of patients with type II diabetes develop kidney failure over a period.
At the initial stages, the only sign of diabetic kidney disease is high protein levels (i.e. albumin levels) in the urine. Some of the symptoms, which develop later, may include:
Some of the risk factors of diabetic kidney disease may include:
Diabetic nephropathy is diagnosed by using the following tests:
The treatment aims to prevent or delay the progression of the disease and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. The management of this condition includes:
You can reduce the risk of diabetic nephropathy by following certain tips which include:
If you are a diabetic, go regularly to screenings for kidney disease. You can slow down the damage to the kidneys by controlling your blood sugar levels. Seek your doctor’s help for early treatment.
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