Hemorrhoids refer to the swollen veins in the lowest part of your rectum and anus. These are commonly known as piles. It is one of the causes of rectal bleeding. It is usually not a life-threatening condition, and can be treated in a couple of weeks.
Hemorrhoids can either be internal or external.
Many treatments are effective for hemorrhoids; hemorrhoidectomy is one among them.
What is hemorrhoidectomy?
It is a surgical procedure to remove the internal or external hemorrhoids that are extensive and severe. It is the most effective treatment for hemorrhoids.
Types of hemorrhoidectomy
The types of hemorrhoidectomy procedures include:
What is the purpose of the surgery?
The main purpose of the surgery is to relieve the symptoms associated with hemorrhoids. The surgery is appropriate if the:
What are the risks of the surgery?
The risks of the surgery include:
Before the surgery:
You need to stop taking drugs such as aspirin, Advil, etc.
During the surgery:
Your anesthetist will administer general anesthesia or spine anesthesia. A small volume of saline enema is used to clean the rectal area and the lower part of the large intestine. Your surgeon makes the incision in the tissue around hemorrhoid. Then the hemorrhoids are clamped, tied and removed. Finally, the surgical area may be sutured or left open. Medicated gauze is used to cover the wound.
After the surgery:
The recovery takes about 2 to 3 weeks. Your surgeon may suggest you to follow certain instructions which include:
Do not panic about the risks associated with the surgery. Know the facts of the surgery which helps to restore your normal activities. Seek your doctor if you have any misconceptions about the surgery
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