Spine Surgery

Spine Surgery

The spine is the backbone that consists of 33 small bones forming a spinal canal. This spinal canal protects the spinal cord and nerves from damage, which transmits information from your brain to the rest of your body. These tiny bones have a range of motion allowing your body to twist, turn, bend and perform several other activities. The injury or damage to any of these bones hampers the function of your body, causing excruciating pain.

When do you need spine surgery?

Spinal deformity, stenosis (narrowing of the spaces within your spine), and herniated discs (slipped, ruptured, or bulged disc) are the few conditions that require spine surgery. Severe unrelenting pain, unresponsive to medication and severe spinal injury may require spine surgery.

What is micro lumbar discectomy (MLD)?

Microlumbar discectomy is minimally invasive spine surgery. This procedure surgically removes the portion of the disc that causes pressure on the nerve root.

What is minimally invasive spinal fusion?

Minimally invasive spinal fusion is a surgical procedure to join two or more bones of your spine through a small incision than traditional open surgery.

What are the risks involved in spine surgery?

Most people recover well with spine surgery. Very few people may face complications like:

  • Infection

  • Nerve damage

  • Too much bleeding

  • Blood clots

  • Decreased flexibility of the spine

How to prepare for spine surgery?

  • Your doctor may suggest you avoid solid food eight hours before surgery.

  • Quit smoking before surgery.

  • Avoid medications that increase bleeding. Inform your doctor about your health conditions and ongoing medications before undergoing this procedure.

  • Wear loose clothes to avoid difficulty in dressing post-surgery.

What happens after spine surgery?

Arthroscopy is a minor procedure and takes around an hour. After surgery, you will rest in the recovery room for a few hours before discharge on the same day. Your doctor prescribes pain-relieving medications, physical therapy, and rehabilitation to regain the strength of your joints and muscles to relapse to normal activities. It may take a few weeks for complete recovery. 

Consult your doctor if you develop: 

  • Fever

  • Extreme headache

  • Pain despite taking medication

  • Swelling and redness

  • Excess drainage of fluids from the incision

  • Numbness and tingling sensation

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