Balloon Pulmonary Valvotomy

Balloon Pulmonary Valvotomy
The heart’s two lower chambers are the ventricles and the right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs. It connects to the pulmonary artery, the main blood vessel leading to the lungs. Between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery is the pulmonary valve, one of the heart’s four valves. In a normal heart, the pulmonary valve opens fully when the right ventricle squeezes and allows the blood to flow from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery. However, you may have an abnormally thickened or fused valve from birth. The valve might have an abnormal number of small parts, called leaflets. As a result, the valve can’t open as fully as it normally would. As pressure builds up in the right ventricle, the heart has to work harder to push the blood out to the lungs. Over time, this can damage the overworked heart muscle and cause breathlessness and fatigue. 

Why choose Manipal Hospitals
Our multidisciplinary cardiac team consisting of cardiologists, interventional specialists and surgeons are the best in their league with years of experience in performing the most demanding of cardiac surgeries and interventions such as Balloon Pulmonary Valvotomy with consummate ease.  Our cardiac centre appointed with a fully-fledged Cath Lab is perfect for the complete range of cardiac services under one roof. 

Solutions
Interventional cardiologists at Manipal Hospitals are aces at performing Balloon Pulmonary Valvotomy to fix the pulmonary valve. He inserts a long, thin tube called a catheter, with an inflatable balloon at its tip, through a blood vessel in your groin. The catheter then goes all the way up to the pulmonary valve where he inflates the balloon to open it up, allowing free passage of blood to the lungs.

Complexities
Possible risks of Balloon Pulmonary Valvotomy include bleeding, infection, blood clot leading to stroke, abnormal heart rhythms, pulmonary artery rupture, fluid build-up around the heart and the partial closure of the valve over time.


Infection control protocol
Our patients are at the centre of our safety and comfort protocol at all times. Following Balloon Pulmonary Valvotomy procedure, you will be monitored in our Coronary Care Unit for at least 24 hours to prevent any kind of infections or side effects. 

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