Dr. Ashish Dagar

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Reviewed by

Dr. Ashish Dagar

Consultant - Spine Surgery

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

Most Common Spine Disorders

Reviewed by:

Dr. Ashish Dagar

Posted On: Dec 22, 2023

blogs read 6 Min Read

Most Common Spine Disorders

The movement of the human body is a beautiful mechanical process supported by the skeletal system. The backbone or the spine is a complex structure that is made up of vertebrae, intervertebral discs, ligaments, and muscles. It supports the body, allows for movement, and protects the spinal cord. The spine is an important part of the body, providing support and structure while assisting movement and protecting the spinal cord. Maintaining its health and wellness is essential for preventing pain, and injuries, and maintaining an active lifestyle. Common spinal diseases can be caused by a wide range of underlying medical conditions. There are many different types of spine disorders.

Common Spine Disorders

  • Herniated Disc

This occurs when a disc in the spine ruptures or bulges, putting pressure on the spinal cord or nerves. Symptoms may include pain, numbness, and weakness in the affected area.

  • Spinal Stenosis

This is a narrowing of the spinal canal, which can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. Symptoms may include pain, numbness, weakness, and difficulty walking.

  • Spondylosis

This is a kind of arthritis that impacts the joints and discs in the spine. It can cause pain, stiffness, and difficulty moving.

  • Scoliosis

This is a sideways curvature of the spine. It can be mild or severe, and it can cause pain, difficulty breathing, and other problems.

  • Kyphosis

This is an exaggerated rounding of the upper spine. It can cause pain, poor posture, and difficulty breathing.

  • Lordosis

This is an exaggerated inward curve of the lower spine. It can cause pain, poor posture, and difficulty walking.

  • Spondylolisthesis

This happens when a vertebra slips out of place. It can cause weakness, pain, numbness, and difficulty walking.

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

This is a type of arthritis that affects the spine and other joints. It can cause pain, stiffness, and difficulty moving.

The treatment for spine diseases will vary depending on the type and severity of the condition.

Common Spine Treatments

  • Pain Medication

This can only help to relieve pain and inflammation in the short run. Getting a proper doctor's consult is important.

  • Physical Therapy

This can help strengthen the muscles around the spine and improve flexibility. Moderate exercise can help remedy minor issues related to stiffness.

  • Steroid Injections

These help to reduce inflammation around the spinal cord and nerves. Doctors administer these only when necessary.

  • Surgery

In some cases, surgery may be required to remove a herniated disc, widen the spinal canal, or correct a deformity in the patient. 

Consulting a trained Orthopedician in Gurugram is your first step towards lasting remediation of your pains. Manipal Hospitals Gurugram has some of the best Orthopedicians and orthopedic surgeons in the city dedicated to bringing world-class medical care to their patients. 

Easy-to-follow Steps to maintain Spine Conditions and Good Bone Health

  • Exercise

Regular physical activity is vital for spine health. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week, focusing on activities that strengthen core muscles, improve flexibility, and promote good posture.

  • Low-impact exercises

Walking, swimming, yoga, and Pilates.

  • Strength training

Targeting core, back, and abdominal muscles.

  • Flexibility exercises

Stretching and improving range of motion.

The extent and intensity of exercise should be moderated based on the overall age and lifestyle of the person so as to not put unnecessary stress on the body. Consulting with a physiotherapist at the best spine care hospital can be of help. 

  • Ergonomics

Maintain good posture and proper spinal alignment while sitting, standing, and working. This includes:

  • Using supportive chairs

Choose chairs with good back support and adjustable heights.

  • Positioning your computer screen

Position the screen at eye level and about arm's length away.

  • Taking frequent breaks

Get up and move around every 20-30 minutes to avoid prolonged sitting.

  • Sleep

Getting enough restful sleep is essential for allowing the body to heal and repair itself. Aim for 7-8 hours of quality sleep per night.

  • Nutrition

Maintain a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. These provide the necessary nutrients for bone and muscle health.

  • Healthy Weight Management

Maintaining a healthy weight reduces stress on the spine and helps prevent pain and injuries.

  • Stress Management

Chronic stress can contribute to muscle tension and pain. Practice stress-management techniques like yoga, meditation, or deep breathing.

  • Hydration

Staying hydrated ensures proper lubrication of the discs and joints in the spine. Bone health is highly dependent on hydration as dehydration can impact it adversely. 

  • Quit Smoking

Smoking can lead to various health conditions that adversely impact the spine and increase the risk of back pain and other issues.

  • Regular Check-ups

Getting a doctor to examine your health condition at least once every six months is a good way to ensure wellness. 

Additionally, here are some tips for day-to-day activities for spine care. 

  • Warm up before exercise and cool down afterwards.

  • Listen to your body and avoid activities that cause pain.

  • See a doctor or physical therapist if you experience persistent back pain or other concerning symptoms.

  • Consider complementary therapies like massage or acupuncture for pain relief and relaxation.


Early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent the condition from getting worse. It is important to see an orthopedist if you are experiencing any recurrent symptoms related to the spine. Manipal Hospitals Gurugram has some of the best Orthopedicians in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR to bring the best bone care to your loved ones. 

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