What are the Choices Available for Birth Control?
Dr. Ila Jalote
Jun 29, 2022
Obstetrics and Gynaecology specialists are doctors who deal with pregnancy and the female reproductive system. They treat women who are pregnant, as well as those who have been affected by issues surrounding their reproductive health. Obstetrics refers to the care of a pregnant woman. Gynaecology refers to the care of a woman's reproductive organs, including her Uterus (womb), Cervix, Ovaries, Fallopian Tubes, Vagina, Vulva and Breasts. Our highly qualified and experienced gynaecologist obstetricians in Gurgaon at Manipal Hospitals offer optimal care during pregnancy, cesarean section, Chorionic Villus Sampling (test to detect genetic abnormalities in a fetus), contraception counseling (information about birth control methods), and electronic fetal monitoring.
Manipal Hospitals is a renowned gynaecology hospital in Gurgaon. Our Obstetrics and Gynaecology centre helps women as they go through various biological changes in a lifetime, including having a baby. We provide comprehensive solutions for all female health conditions with utmost care using the best technology in the world. Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals, the top hospital in Gurugram to consult with the experts.
A non-stress test (NST) is a common prenatal test used to check on a baby's health in the womb.
Constantly buzzing with a stream of women and babies coming in to meet our gynaecologists, our outpatient and inpatient unit is equipped to diagnose and treat a range of gynaecological conditions that do not require surgery or hospitalization. From screening tests, ultrasound scans and mammograms, to high risk pregnancy management, pain and bleeding…
A Non-Stress Test (NST) is a test for fetal wellbeing. It measures fetal heart rate and response to movement in the third trimester to ensure that the baby is doing well.
Obstetric ultrasound uses sound waves to produce pictures of a developing embryo or foetus within pregnant women, as well as the mother's uterus and ovaries. It does not use ionizing radiation and has no known harmful effects.
Pap Smear or Pap Test is a vaginal exam that screens for cervical cancer. This is done by taking a swab to collect cervical cells to be examined for abnormal growth and other indications of precancerous /cancerous cells. It’s a simple procedure that takes approximately 5 minutes.
An IUCD or Intra-uterine Contraceptive Device or coil is a T-shaped implant impregnated with copper or hormones that is placed in the uterus (womb) to prevent pregnancy. This is a safe and effective non-permanent method of female contraception.
This is a procedure that involves extracting a small piece of tissue from the cervix to facilitate lab testing for cervical cancer and precancerous conditions that could threaten the health of the patient in the future. Biopsies are largely pain-free procedures that do not require advanced recovery times.
The surgical removal of the uterus is called a hysterectomy. It is performed when the uterus is afflicted by uterine fibroids, cancer, uterine prolapse (moving out of position), adenomyosis (abnormal thickening of uterine walls), endometriosis and other abnormalities in the uterus that threaten the patient's health. Typically, a hysterectomy is a last…
Cancer can be preventable and appropriate tests can detect any possibility of the disease in women. A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells on your cervix which is the opening of the uterus. During the routine procedure, cells from your cervix are…
Preparing a woman for pregnancy is a crucial part of family planning, where a specialist ascertains fertility, as well as the risks of pregnancy and childbirth. Consulting a gynecologist before attempting to have children can dramatically improve the experience of pregnancy and childbirth.
For those who seek to postpone having a baby, or just stop having one, our family planning services unit is the right place to come to. Our gynaecologists advise you on the best possible contraception and sterilization options.
A separate menopausal clinic is available for the treatment of pre-menopausal conditions. Post-menopausal counseling and treatment are provided by expert advisors and specialists.
Postnatal care (PNC) is the care given to the mother and her newborn baby immediately after the birth and for the first six weeks of life. Women could also go through hormonal changes that could affect their mental health, or they could have lactation issues.
Poly-Cystic Ovarian syndrome is a fairly common disorder experienced by many women. Treatment is available with doctors who can help monitor and control the condition with personalized diet and lifestyle plans for individual patients.
Puberty is the process a girl’s body goes through as she develops into an adult. Some of the common puberty disorders treated at Manipal Hospitals by our gynaecologists include Delayed puberty – puberty hasn't started by age 13; Precocious puberty – puberty begins too early, before age 7 or 8 in girls; Contrasexual pubertal development – development…
Sometimes, a woman’s cervix – the lowest end of the uterus – may be weak to carry a pregnancy through because it opens up easily leading to a miscarriage. Cervical cerclage is a surgical procedure in which sutures or synthetic tape is used to reinforce the cervix especially in women with a short cervix.
We understand that women are naturally predisposed to several changes in their body in their lifetime – starting from menstruation and childbirth to menopause and age-related gynaecological health issues. This is why our dedicated and specialized Well Women Clinic seeks to address all their conditions with responsibility and consideration. Our Well…
At one point, endoscopy during pregnancy was believed to endanger the foetus in the womb. Therefore it is generally discouraged endoscopy during pregnancy and, if absolutely necessary, recommended that procedures occur during the second trimester.
Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus in order to diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding. Hysteroscopy is done using a hysteroscope, a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus.
Basically a prenatal test in which a sample of the chorionic villi is removed from the placenta for testing, Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) ing (CVS) is a prenatal test that is used to detect birth defects, genetic diseases, and other problems during pregnancy.
A tremendously specialized medical field, genetics is about heredity and certain risk factors involved in the genes. Every child inherits genes from both of their biological parents and these genes in turn express specific traits.
Also known as diagnostic laparoscopy, this is a surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen and reproductive organs. It's a low-risk, minimally invasive procedure that requires only small incisions.
The field of robotic surgery has developed rapidly, and its use to treat gynaecologic conditions has grown exponentially. Harnessing their skills to operate this state of the art machine, gynaeco surgeons at Manipal Hospitals operate the robot arms to perform some of the exacting gynaecological surgeries way beyond what a human hand could possibly…
Menopause is a natural part of ageing when a woman stops having her monthly period. It is a normal process marking the end of a woman's reproductive years. However, some women cannot handle menopause well because of a few irregularities in their menstrual cycle such as early menopause either as a result of a surgical intervention such as removal of…
Perimenopause is early menopause and can begin eight to 10 years before menopause sets in when the ovaries gradually produce less estrogen. It usually starts in a woman's 40s, but can start in the 30s as well. At this stage, many women can experience menopause symptoms in spite of still having menstrual cycles during this time, and can get pregnant.
Advanced medical technology has revolutionized the healthcare world by making surgeries easier to perform and more comfortable for patients. Cryosurgery is one of them. Also called cryotherapy, it is the use of extreme cold produced by liquid nitrogen or argon gas to destroy abnormal tissue.
Medical research confirms that 70-80 percent of women will develop uterine fibroids in their lifetime. Fibroids are benign growths of muscle cells and tissues and pose no risk of turning cancerous. However, in some women, especially during menopause, fibroids can cause a variety of health conditions that include heavy or prolonged periods, bleeding…
For couples who find it difficult to get pregnant due to certain infertility issues, our Infertility Clinic is a boon. Endowed with the qualifications and experience to treat infertility issues, the infertility specialists at our Clinic examine and study the underlying complications in couples hindering their chance at having a baby. The Clinic is…
All our women and child clinics are highly competent to conduct various tests and perform procedures that do not require hospitalization. Some of these include Cervical (Cone) Biopsy Colporrhaphy or surgical repair of the vaginal wall, Colposcopy to detect cervical cancer signs, Dilation and Curettage (D&C), Endometrial Ablation, Endometrial or Uterine…
Each pregnancy is different even if it’s your tenth. We understand this perfectly and strive to meet the individual needs of your pregnancy and your newborn’s. Our obstetric care team is one of the finest in the country and supports you to understand your pregnancy and preferences.
Women often neglect their health in their endeavor to care for their family’s wellbeing. Steadfast in our belief that all women especially after 35 should have an annual check-up we conduct routine tests through the year, backed by comprehensive assistance and counselling. In addition to performing these vital screening tests, we also review women’s…
This is one of the foremost tests in assisted reproduction that gives hope to millions of couples who want to have a baby. Follicular study and monitoring are done to study ovarian follicles that are used to identify ovulation of egg. It is an ultrasound scan done inside the vagina to study the ovaries, uterus and uterus lining. A follicle scan should…
What are Obstetrics and Gynaecology Conditions?
The commonly known conditions and disorders under Obstetrics and Gynaecology are:
Irregular Periods (menstrual irregularities)
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Ovarian Cysts (Follicular Cysts)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Ectopic Pregnancy (Pregnancy outside the womb)
Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)
Pain during Intercourse (Dyspareunia)
Sexually Transmitted Infections.
Manipal Hospitals is the best gynaecology hospital in Gurgaon, offering treatment for all Obs Gynae conditions, including:
High-risk pregnancy management
Pain and bleeding disorders
Medical termination of pregnancy
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
A Cervical Biopsy involves taking a sample of tissue from the Cervix. It diagnoses conditions such as Cervical Cancer and Pre-Cancerous changes in the Cervix.
Doctors open the Vagina using a speculum to examine the Cervix and remove some tissue with forceps for examination under a microscope.
A Non-Stress Test is a way to check the health of a fetus. It involves attaching transducers to the mother's abdomen and monitoring her baby's heartbeat.
USG scan uses ultrasound waves to get a picture of the fetus. It can also check for abnormalities.
The USG scan is essential in prenatal care and helps determine whether the baby is developing. The obstetrician uses a probe to send out high-frequency waves that bounce off body tissues and create an image on a screen.
Pap Smears are the most common type of cervical cancer screening. They are a simple, painless procedure that involves collecting cells from the Cervix for analysis. Maintaining good health for women who want to avoid cervical Cancer is essential. Pap Smear helps detect Cancer early and gives an excellent chance to survive.
The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) test determines if a person has an HPV virus infection. It can determine whether or not a woman with an abnormal Pap Smear has an HPV infection.
The HPV test collects blood from the patient and sends it to a lab for analysis. If the results of this test are positive, there is some evidence of active infection within the body. Consult with the experts to know more about the diagnostic tests.
Colposcopy is an essential diagnostic procedure in the evaluation of Cervical Lesions.
The procedure involves using a Colposcope, a magnifying lens, to view the Cervix and Vagina. The physician applies a solution to the Cervix, which causes abnormal areas to turn bright. The doctor can examine these areas with the Colposcope, which may reveal any pre-cancerous changes or early cancers.
Hysteroscopy examines the inside of the Uterus using a very thin camera. The doctor inserts an instrument called a Hysteroscope through the Vagina into the uterine cavity through the Cervix for direct visualisation of the uterine cavity. It can be used to diagnose and treat abnormal uterine bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding, infertility, Fibroids and amenorrhea.It can also treat some conditions by removing polyps or other growths inside the Uterus.
Chorionic Villus Sampling
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) is a prenatal procedure between the 10th and 13th weeks of pregnancy that removes a small Placenta sample to diagnose genetic disorders and other conditions that affect fetuses.
Follicular Imaging in Assisted Reproduction
Follicular Imaging evaluates follicular development by transvaginal Ultrasound, which uses sound waves to create images of the ovaries and surrounding structures.
Follicular Imaging helps guide decisions about when to trigger ovulation and how many eggs are likely to mature and should be retrieved.
An Anomaly Scan, also known as the second-trimester screening, is performed between 18 and 21 weeks of pregnancy. The procedure involves an ultrasound that can detect defects in the development of the baby's brain and other conditions such as cleft lip or bone alignment.
If parents have a family history of conditions such as Down syndrome, other syndromes or heart problems, doctors may recommend an Anomaly Scan earlier than the usual time frame.
A Viability Scan is an Ultrasound test during the first trimester of pregnancy. It helps Doctors and parents decide whether to continue with a pregnancy. Doctors insert a thin Ultrasound probe into the Vagina to look inside the Uterus. The test allows them to determine if the embryo will develop normally, identify how far along in the pregnancy an embryo is and helps identify any abnormalities in the baby's heart, brain, or other organs.
Doppler Studies use Ultrasound to create images of blood flow and other bodily functions.
The study monitors the fetal heart rate and evaluates the baby's health during pregnancy. It also measures the blood flow through the baby's umbilical cord and around their body, such as their brain and heart. Doppler studies identify if the fetus is getting nutrients and oxygen from the Placenta.
Fetal Echo Studies
Fetal Echo Studies are Ultrasounds to evaluate fetal heart problems. The study is performed in the second trimester when the fetal is mature enough for evaluation. A transvaginal probe uses sound waves to create images of the fetus's heart, lungs, and blood flow. The test can help doctors spot problems with blood flow or any other issues that might affect the growth and development inside the womb.
Amniocentesis extracts amniotic fluid from the Uterus and tests it for genetic abnormalities by inserting a needle via the abdominal wall into the Uterus and then withdrawing a sample of amniotic fluid. Doctors test the sample of amniotic fluid for genetic abnormalities like Down Syndrome and other congenital disabilities.
Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) is a small, T-shaped device inserted into the Uterus to prevent pregnancy. It has two parts: a plastic frame and a soft, flexible ring of copper and plastic. The IUCD sits on the wall of the Uterus and prevents sperm from reaching an egg by damaging or killing them and preventing them from fertilising an egg.
The IUCD is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy and lasts up to 10 years before having to be replaced.
A Hysterectomy involves removing the Uterus for many reasons, including treating Endometriosis or Fibroids, stopping heavy bleeding, or removing cancerous tissue.
Doctors usually recommend Hysterectomies on women who have completed their childbearing years. Treatment options include traditional open surgery, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (or "keyhole" surgery), and minimally invasive surgery. To know more about hysterectomy treatment in Gurugram, visit our experts.
Sterilisation is the permanent contraception for women. It involves surgically removing the Fallopian tubes and ovaries or blocking them with clips or rings and preventing the egg release from the ovary, which means that pregnancy cannot occur.
Cerclage supports the Cervix. It involves placing sutures, or stitches, around the opening of the Cervix in place for several weeks until they dissolve and fall out naturally.
Cerclage treats conditions such as premature birth and cervical incompetence, which occurs when the Cervix opens too early during pregnancy. It can also prevent miscarriage after a previous miscarriage has occurred.
Puberty Disorder Treatment
Puberty is the transition period of development that occurs during childhood, where the body changes and develops into an adult.
In girls, puberty starts with the onset of menstruation.
Puberty disorders in girls include delayed onset of puberty beyond 13 years, precocious or early onset before eight years, and contra-sexual pubertal development of male characteristics.
The treatment includes medications and lifestyle changes. To know more, visit our best multi-speciality hospital in Gurugram.
Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is the presence of multiple cysts on the ovaries. The cysts are formed due to an imbalance in hormone levels and can affect the menstrual cycle.
The symptoms of PCOD include irregular or absent periods, weight gain, acne, hair loss, thinning hair on the scalp and excess facial or body hair growth. The treatment for PCOD includes lifestyle changes and medications to regulate hormonal imbalances.
Hormone Therapy is a treatment option that uses hormones to manage menopause-related complications. Hormone therapy can help alleviate symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and mood changes associated with menopause.
Cryosurgery destroys suspicious cells or tissue in a woman's Cervix using liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide.
The patient's Cervix is frozen to kill any cancerous cells present. Its advantages include its ability to destroy cancerous tissue without damaging nearby healthy cells, minimal recovery time, and lower cost than other treatments such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
Manipal Hospitals has the top gynaecologist in Patiala. The world-class facilities used by the best gynaecology hospital in Gurgaon include:
General Gynaecological Services
Outpatient Gynaecological Services
Inpatient Gynaecological Services
Emergency Gynaecological Services
Family Planning Services and Sterilisation
Post Natal Care
Well Women Clinic
Robotic Surgeries in Gynaecology
Obstetrics/ Pregnancy Services
High-Risk Pregnancy Management
Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in women's reproductive health. Obstetricians care for women during their pregnancy and just after the baby is born. They also deliver babies. An ob-gyn is trained to do all of these things.
Ovarian Cysts treatment depends on the cyst's size, location and cause. Most ovarian cysts are non-cancerous or benign, but some can be cancerous. Treatment for benign cysts may include lifestyle changes, surgery or medication. Surgery is the only treatment option for malignant ovarian tumours.
Make an appointment with a gynaecologist in Gurgaon for suitable recommendations.
Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOD) may be able to become pregnant, but they should be aware of some complications that may occur. These include Gestational Diabetes, Preeclampsia, Premature Delivery and Cesarean Section.
Manipal Hospitals, the best gynaecology hospital in Gurgaon, is known for PCOD management for pregnancy.
Talk to the best Gynaecologist and Obstetricians in Gurgaon doctor about the issue. They will be able to diagnose the cause of delayed puberty and recommend treatments based on their findings. Visit our best gynaecology hospital in Gurugram to have the best treatment.
A doctor can identify twins in the womb when they see one or more fetuses on an ultrasound, usually around ten weeks of pregnancy, as the fetus develops a heartbeat visible on Ultrasound.
Contact us to book an appointment with one of our specialists today.