The uncontrolled cell growth in the body causes cancer. Cells grow and divide to make new cells to replace old or damaged ones. Sometimes, this process goes wrong, and an abnormal number of cells form. These new cells can build up in one place to form a mass called a tumour.
Cancer can affect any cell in the body, including those that line organs and blood vessels, muscles, bones and nerves.
Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram has the best oncologist in Gurgaon and offers diagnosis and treatment for all cancer types, including:
Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Cancers
Head and Neck cancers
Bone and Soft-tissue Sarcomas
A core biopsy is a procedure that involves taking small samples of tissue from the inside of the body. The sample is studied to determine if cancer is present and what type of cancer it may be. Core biopsies use a hollow needle or probe inserted into the body through a small incision in the skin (percutaneous). The tool used for this procedure is called a core needle, which can have different diameters depending on the type of tissue sampled. Once inside the body, the core needle passes through one layer of tissue at a time until it reaches the target area. Core biopsy treatment is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
Colposcopy examines the cervix and other parts of the female reproductive tract using an instrument called a colposcope.
Colposcopy detects abnormal changes in cervical cells, which can lead to cancer.
A cancer specialist in Gurgaon inserts a speculum so he or she can observe the vagina and cervix. The doctor will then use a magnifying lens on the end of the colposcope to look closely at any problem areas. If necessary, they will take samples (biopsy) of the suspicious tissue for further testing by pathologists in hospital laboratories.
A mammogram is a screening test to find breast cancer.
A mammogram is an X-ray picture of the breast. The radiologist looks for abnormal areas called tumours, which may be cancer. A mammogram cannot tell for sure whether a tumour is a cancer. Nevertheless, it can find most tumours before the physical screening.
Experts recommended a mammogram every 1-2 years for women aged 40 and older, or as often as every six months for those with breast cancer in their family or if they have had radiation therapy for chest pain or another condition.
Immunotherapy uses the body's immune system to fight cancer. It works by activating or suppressing the patient's immune system to make it more effective at attacking and destroying cancer cells.
Immunotherapy aims to overcome barriers to traditional cancer treatment, such as resistance to chemotherapy and radiation therapy. It does this by activating T cells (white blood cells) which can recognise and attack cancerous cells in the body.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy and other treatments such as surgery and radiation therapy help treat cancer.
Chemotherapy is applied when cancer has spread beyond the part of the body where it started. It can also treat types of cancer that have not responded to other types of treatment. Chemotherapy can be via pills, liquids, or injections. The drug absorbs into the bloodstream and travels throughout the body. Some chemotherapy drugs target specific types of cancer cells; others affect all rapidly growing cells in the body. Chemotherapy treatment in Gurugram is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
- Intra Cavitary Chemotherapy
Intra Cavitary Chemotherapy (ICC) is a treatment for cancer that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells and shrink tumours. ICC inserts the chemicals directly into the tumour by drilling through the skin. The chemicals used come in two forms: a liquid form and a solid form. The solid form goes into a capsule or balloon, which then expands once inside the tumour. In contrast, the liquid form goes directly into the tumour with a needle or catheter.
The type of ICC used depends on several factors, including the size and location of the tumour and its spread.
Targeted cancer therapy is a treatment that uses a targeted agent to attack cancer cells. These agents bind to specific molecules on the surface of cancer cells, which allows them to distinguish from healthy cells.
Biological therapy is a cancer treatment method that uses the body's immune system to fight cancer cells. Biological therapy aims to improve patients' quality of life, help them live longer, and stop or slow cancer progression.
Biological therapies are in the form of injections, pills, or infusions. They may be given as a single treatment or in combination with other types of treatment such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Bone marrow transplantation replaces diseased or damaged bone marrow with healthy donor cells. Bone marrow transplantation treats people with certain types of cancer and blood diseases, such as leukaemia and sickle cell anaemia.
A bone marrow transplant replaces diseased or damaged bone marrow with healthy donor cells. The donor cells come from a compatible donor by removing some of their blood-forming tissue (called "bone marrow") through an operation called a "bone marrow harvest."
- PICC, Bone Marrow Aspiration And Biopsy
A peripherally inserted central catheter insertion (PICC) is a procedure that inserts a catheter into the vein so that fluids can be withdrawn and infused. PICCs help patients who cannot tolerate the insertion of a traditional central catheter.
Inserted through either the forearm or the wrist, PICC advances into the superior vena cava (SVC). PICCs help patients with cancer who need chemotherapy or other medications delivered over an extended period. Bone marrow aspiration extracts a small part of this tissue in liquid form for biopsy.
Robotic-assisted surgery is a technology that allows surgeons to perform operations on patients with cancer by using a robot. Robotic-assisted surgery treats cancers located deep in the body and difficult to access. These include brain, spine, chest, abdomen and pelvis tumours. A surgeon controls the robot from an operating room where they can see the patient's internal organs with 3D imaging technology. Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals for the best treatment.
- Central Line and Chemo Port
The central line uses a catheter to deliver medications directly into the bloodstream. The surgeon inserts a catheter into a large vein, usually in the neck or chest. The catheter delivers chemotherapy and other medications that require direct injection into the bloodstream. It can also deliver fluids and nutrition to patients unable to eat normally due to illness or injury.
A chemo port is a small, flexible tube placed under the skin of a patient's chest wall. It can administer chemotherapy drugs, which are beneficial to patients who have trouble swallowing pills or cannot tolerate intravenous therapies. The port allows doctors to administer chemotherapy drugs without having to puncture the patient's skin or muscle tissue each time.
Palliative cancer care is a holistic approach to a patient's needs, focusing on managing their symptoms and improving their quality of life. It includes supportive measures like counselling, spiritual guidance, and patient education. Palliative care improves the lives of patients and their families by relieving pain and other distressing symptoms while helping them live as fully as possible.
Child Life Care is a program designed to support the physical, emotional, and social needs of children undergoing cancer treatment. Specially trained child life specialists work closely with the child's medical team to create a plan for the child's care that addresses their needs throughout their cancer journey.
Play therapy is a form of therapy that utilises play and games to facilitate the healing process, particularly in children. Play therapists work with children experiencing trauma, grief, or stress. They use play as a way for children to express themselves, work through their illness and emotions, and develop methods for dealing with adverse situations.
Cancer counselling is a form of counselling that focuses on the emotional aspects of cancer. Cancer counselling helps people cope with cancer diagnosis and treatment by providing support and information about the disease and its treatment options, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The goal is to help patients deal with their fears, concerns and questions related to the disease and treatment options.
- Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a type of radiation therapy that uses 3D conformal or intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to treat specific areas of the body. SBRT often treats tumours in the brain, spine, or lungs. It can also treat prostate cancer and liver tumours.
A computer program creates a map of the tumour, and each segment is assigned a different dose of radiation. The radiation happens in a single session; this means there is no need for repeat visits to the hospital or clinic during treatment.
- Stereotactic Radio Surgery
Stereotactic Radio Surgery (SRS) is the use of precise, computer-guided radiation treatment to treat tumours and lesions. SRS is often used to treat tumours deep in the brain inaccessible by other means, such as surgery or chemotherapy.
SRS uses stereotactic techniques—a type of navigation system that allows for accuracy within millimetres—to pinpoint a tumour or lesion and accurately deliver radiation therapy to it without damaging healthy tissue nearby.
- Electrons for Superficial Tumors
Electron therapy is the use of high-energy electrons to treat superficial tumours. The electrons are accelerated by a linear accelerator (linac) and directed to the patient's tumour site. Electron therapy treats skin cancers and superficial tumours such as melanomas, squamous cell carcinomas, and basal cell carcinomas.
Electron therapy uses higher doses of radiation than traditional photon therapy but does not damage healthy tissue as much because it can be targeted more precisely to the tumour site.
3D-CRT cancer treatment is a form of radiation therapy that uses computerised 3D imaging to target cancer cells. It uses multiple radiation beams at different angles aimed at the tumour from different directions. 3-CRT helps to minimise damage to surrounding healthy tissue and reduce side effects.
- 2D-Palliative radiotherapy
2D-palliative radiotherapy is a form of radiation therapy that uses high-energy beams to destroy cancerous tissue. 2D-palliative treatment helps treat cancer that has spread beyond the original site, and surgery is not an option. It can also be performed independently as a palliative treatment for cancer to reduce discomfort.
- Active Breath Hold Controller
An active breath hold controller is a device that uses the user's respiratory system to control the operation of some other device. The user can set the desired breathing rate, and the controller regulates the rate at which gas flow delivers to the user.
The controller helps patients to maintain a steady breathing rate without having to pay attention to their respiratory system, helping in cancer treatment procedures.
- Smart Arc and Dynamic Treatment
Smart Arc and Dynamic Cancer Treatment are advanced cancer treatment options that work together to help identify the cancer type and the best treatment possible.
The Smart Arc is a computerised scanning device that analyses body tissue, blood samples, and urine samples to determine the exact nature of cancer. It uses this information to create a personalised treatment plan.
The Dynamic Cancer Treatment helps patients manage their care by providing tools that allow them to track their progress through their personal health history.
Brachytherapy is the use of radiation to treat cancer by implanting radioactive seeds into tumours. It treats prostate, cervix, and other cancers. A surgeon places the seeds of a radioactive material called caesium or iridium-192 in the body near the tumour. Radioactive material is then released from the seeds and travels through nearby tissues and cells, destroying them along the way and killing cancer cells.
Gamma med brachytherapy system and Elekta Precise and Infinity offer a complete package of radiation oncology services. The two linear accelerator uses accurate radiations to make patients benefit from personalised radiotherapy treatments.
- Image Guided Brachytherapy
Image-guided brachytherapy is a radiation therapy used to treat cancerous tumours in the head and neck and body parts near the prostate.
This treatment involves using a small radioactive source inserted directly into the tumour via a flexible tube called a catheter, which guides it through blood vessels until it reaches its target location. A particular imaging system helps guide the catheter to stay on course and where it needs to go.
- Image Guided Radiotherapy
Image Guided Radiotherapy is a form of radiotherapy that uses imaging technology to guide the delivery of radiation to a tumour. The most common forms of image-guided radiotherapy are computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET).
Image-guided radiotherapy aims to deliver high doses of radiation to the tumour while minimising damage to healthy tissue using CT scans or PET scans to create a 3D image of the patient's body. Computer programs use them to create a virtual treatment plan. Image-guided radiotherapy is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
- Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy
Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is a type of radiation therapy that changes the intensity of the radiation beam depending on the target. Precise targeting helps to ensure that a physician can direct radiation where it is needed and avoid damaging healthy tissue while still being able to treat a patient's cancer.
- Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy
Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) is a type of radiotherapy treatment for cancer. It uses a particular machine to deliver radiation in a more precise way than conventional 3D conformal radiation therapy.
The machine is programmed to deliver the radiation over several days, allowing doctors to see exactly where the beam goes and how it interacts with the tumour. The therapy lets them target the tumour more accurately and reduce damage to healthy tissue around it.
Interstitial implants are a type of cancer treatment in which doctors insert small radioactive pellets into the patient's body. The pellets are then heated or burned to kill cancer cells.
Interstitial implants are most commonly used for prostate cancer, though they also treat other cancers that have spread throughout the body.
- Intra Cavitary Radiotherapy
Intra cavitary radiotherapy (ICRT) is a radiation treatment that uses a catheter placed inside the tumour to deliver a direct concentrated dose of radiation to the tumour. The dose-limiting factor does not limit the therapeutic effect of ICRT, so it is possible to deliver a higher dose of radiation than with conventional external beam radiotherapy. ICRT can be used to treat tumours that are located deep within inaccessible areas like the brain or spine.
ICRT is used to treat cancers such as lung cancer, prostate cancer, oesophagal cancer, and head and neck cancers.
Radio Guided Surgery is an advanced form of minimally invasive surgery that uses real-time imaging data to guide surgical instruments. This technique allows surgeons to operate with a higher degree of precision and accuracy while reducing the time it takes to do a procedure.
Breast reconstruction is the process of rebuilding breasts after a mastectomy. The process uses an implant or a flap of tissue from another body part (such as the abdomen).
Breast reconstruction can happen after mastectomy (immediate reconstruction) or months later (delayed reconstruction). In some cases, delayed reconstruction may be more appropriate.
- Breast Oncoplastic Procedures
Breast oncoplastic is a type of breast surgery that helps improve the appearance of a woman's breasts after cancer treatment. It can also improve the appearance of breasts that other health conditions have damaged. Breast oncoplastic procedures include surgery to remove excess breast tissue, skin and fat or to add more volume to a woman's breasts using silicone implants.
- Breast Conservative Surgery
Breast conservative surgery is a procedure that removes all or part of a breast tumour while preserving the maximum possible healthy tissue. The surgery preserves the patient's ability to breastfeed if they wish to and maintain their ability to undergo future breast cancer treatment.
Voice prosthesis surgery is a procedure that involves creating a new vocal tract to replace the one damaged by cancer, trauma, or congenital disabilities.
Surgeons choose rubber, silicone or fabric depending on the patient's ability to tolerate an implant and their overall health.
- Musculoskeletal Treatment
Patients with musculoskeletal disorders like arthritis, back pain, muscle spasms and osteoporosis undergo musculoskeletal treatment. The therapy helps treat cancerous conditions affecting the bones, muscles, and other tissues.
- Microvascular Reconstruction
Microvascular reconstruction uses microsurgery to reconnect blood vessels with cancerous tissue. This procedure resects tumours or removes lymph nodes and reconstructs blood flow after chemotherapy treatment.
Microvascular reconstruction helps radiation or chemotherapy patients remove cancerous tissue. The goal of microvascular reconstruction is to reconnect the blood vessels in order to preserve organ function and prevent complications from untreated cancer.
- Robotic Surgery for Gynaecological Cases
Robot-assisted surgery is a specialised form of treating gynaecological cancers that uses robotic technology to guide the surgeon's hand as they operate. The robot's sensors help in detecting and correcting any movement errors or mistakes made by the surgeon.
Robotic cancer surgery for gynaecological cases is more accurate than traditional methods, as there is less risk of damaging nearby organs or tissues during the procedure.
- Robotic GI Cancer Surgeries
Robotic GI cancer surgeries are a way of performing robotic surgery on the gastrointestinal tract. The robot, under expert guidance, performs complicated surgeries with greater precision than could be achieved by human hands.
Robotic GI cancer surgeries allow for a more precise, less invasive way of removing a tumour from the digestive tract. The surgeon controls a robotic arm's movements with tiny cameras attached to it using a computer. These cameras show the surgeon exactly what they are doing inside the body, allowing them to make decisions quickly and accurately.