Consultant - General Surgery

Book Appointment

Subscribe to our blogs

Reviewed by


Consultant - General Surgery

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

All About Gall Bladder Stones: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment In Detail

Reviewed by:


Posted On: Apr 21, 2023

blogs read 4 Min Read

General Surgery Hospital in Gurugram Haryana

The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ that plays a crucial role in our digestive system by storing and releasing bile, a fluid that helps break down fats. However, for some individuals, the gallbladder can become the source of intense pain and discomfort due to the presence of gallstones. These small, hard deposits can form within the gallbladder and can lead to a range of symptoms, from mild discomfort to excruciating pain.

In this blog post, we will delve into everything you need to know about gallbladder stones, including their causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Whether you are experiencing symptoms of gallstones or simply curious about this common condition, continue scrolling till the end to learn more.

What are Gall Bladder stones?

Gallstones are made up of various substances, such as cholesterol, bile pigments, and calcium salts, and can vary in size from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball. 

Types of Gall Bladder Stones 

There are two major types of gallbladder stones, including:

  • Cholesterol stones

These are the most common type of gallbladder stones, making up about 80% of all cases. They are typically yellow-green in colour and are made up of cholesterol and other substances.

  • Pigment stones

These stones are less common, making up about 20% of all cases. They are typically smaller and darker in colour and are made up of bilirubin and other substances.

In addition to these major types, there are also mixed stones, which are a combination of cholesterol and pigment stones.

What are the symptoms that must be considered Red Flags for Gallstones?

Gallstones can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, fever, and more. If not treated timely, it can aggravate and give rise to many complications and unbearable pain. Following are some common symptoms that one must not overlook and consult the best gastroenterologist in Gurgaon for prompt treatment:

  • Abdominal pain, typically in the upper right or middle part of the abdomen.

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)

  • Fever and chills

  • Bloating and gas

  • Indigestion and heartburn

  • Belching and hiccups

  • Clay-coloured stools

  • Dark urine

  • Intolerance to fatty foods.

If you notice any of the symptoms, it is important to consult with the doctor at the general surgery hospital in Gurugram Haryana.

What are the tests done to diagnose Gallstones?

  • Abdominal ultrasound uses sound waves to create images of the gallbladder and detect the presence of gallstones.

  • Blood tests may be done to check for signs of infection or inflammation, as well as liver function tests to check for jaundice.

  • CT scan provides more detailed images of the gallbladder and surrounding structures.

  • HIDA scan involves injecting a radioactive tracer into the bloodstream to check the function of the gallbladder and bile ducts.

  • Endoscopic ultrasound uses an endoscope with an ultrasound probe to get detailed images of the gallbladder and bile ducts.

  • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create images of the bile ducts, gallbladder, and pancreas.

  • ERCP involves passing a scope through the mouth and down into the bile duct to directly visualize and treat any stones in the ducts.

What are the treatment options available to cure gallstones?

There are several treatment options available to cure gallbladder stones. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms and the patient's overall health. Some of the common treatment options include:

  • Observation and monitoring

If the gallstones are not causing any symptoms, observation and monitoring may be recommended. The patient may be advised to make dietary changes and avoid fatty or greasy foods.

  • Medications

Certain medications may be prescribed to dissolve cholesterol gallstones. However, this treatment option is only effective for certain types of gallstones and may take several months to work.

  • Surgery

The most common treatment for gallstones is surgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy). This can be done through traditional open surgery or minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery.

  • Endoscopic procedures

In some cases, an endoscopic procedure called ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) may be done to remove stones from the bile ducts.

It is important to consult with the best general surgeons in Gurugram to determine the best treatment option for individual cases.

Lifestyle Changes Post GallStones Treatment   

After the removal of gallbladder stones, your gastroenterologist may recommend some lifestyle changes to help manage symptoms and promote overall health. These may include:

  • Eating a healthy diet that is low in fat and high in fibre.

  • Drinking plenty of water and avoiding sugary or carbonated drinks.

  • Eating smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day.

  • Avoiding spicy or fried foods.

  • Exercising regularly

  • Maintaining a healthy weight.

  • Limiting alcohol intake.

  • Taking medications as prescribed.

  • Avoiding smoking

  • Following up with regular check-ups with a healthcare provider.

It is important to consult with an experienced gastroenterologist in Gurgaon to determine the most appropriate lifestyle changes after gallbladder stone removal.

At Manipal Hospitals, we have the best surgeons who can address all your concerns related to gallbladder stones, diagnosis and treatment. Contact us to book an appointment. To read more interesting blogs by doctors on numerous health-related topics bookmark our blog section and gather reliable information. 

Share this article on:

Subscribe to our blogs

Thank You Image

Thank you for subscribing to our blogs.
You will be notified when we upload a new blog