Lymph nodes are part of the lymph system which carries nutrients, fluids and waste material between the blood tissues and arteries. The lymph nodes filter fluids as it flows through them and absorb virus, bacteria and other foreign substances, which are then destroyed by a white blood cell called lymphocytes.
Lymph nodes often swell in a location where an injury, infection or tumor develops. Few of the causes of swollen lymph nodes are:
Swollen Lymph nodes can be found anywhere in the body and is of size of a pea, or kidney bean, or even larger than that.
Depending on the cause, few of the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes are:
The treatment of swollen lymph nodes depends on the cause of its occurrence. A lymph node that is growing rapidly over 2-3 days has different treatment procedure than the node that is growing over a few months. Hence, it is important to talk to a doctor immediately about the growth of the node. This can help establish a proper diagnosis and treatment.
A standard treatment for swollen lymph nodes includes pain reliever and medication. Warm compresses and elevation can also help reduce swelling.
An antibiotic or antiviral medication can be prescribed by a doctor to treat the swelling, if the cause is infection. For swelling due to cancer, the treatment may involve surgery, radiation or chemotherapy.
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