Congenital heart conditions are the most common type of birth defects in India. Many of the congenital heart defects are uncomplicated conditions that can be easily managed without any treatment. However, there are some complex congenital heart defects that may require treatment soon after birth.
Generally, most people who have complex congenital heart defects will require specialized heart care throughout their lives.
In the first six weeks of pregnancy, the heart of an infant begins to take shape and beat. Congenital heart defects occur during this period of pregnancy. However, it is still unknown that what exactly causes congenital heart defects. According to some experts, it may develop due to abnormalities in chromosomes during the early stages of pregnancy. Also there are certain medications and environmental factors that may also increase the risk of congenital heart conditions.
Although the causes of congenital heart defects are still unknown, there are many factors that can increase the risk of the defects such as:
Few potential complications associated with congenital heart defects are:
Signs and symptoms of a complex heart defect usually develop soon after the infant’s birth or within the first few months of life. Few signs and symptoms are:
Few signs and symptoms of complex congenital heart defects in adulthood are:
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