Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Book Appointment

Subscribe to our blogs

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Diarrhoea During Pregnancy: Causes, Prevention, And Home Remedies

Posted On: Mar 27, 2023

blogs read 5 Min Read

Best Gynaecologist Hospital in Bangalore

Diarrhoea during pregnancy can be a common and uncomfortable experience for expecting mothers. It is defined as the frequent passing of loose, watery stools and can be caused by a variety of factors including hormonal changes, dietary changes, and a heightened immune system. Certain foodborne illnesses, viral and bacterial infections can also cause diarrhoea during pregnancy.

Additionally, some women may develop diarrhoea as a symptom of pregnancy-related conditions such as morning sickness, hyperemesis gravidarum, or pre-eclampsia. The exact incidence of diarrhoea in pregnancy is not well established, but it is considered a relatively common condition.

Causes of Diarrhoea during Pregnancy

The causes of diarrhoea during pregnancy can be divided into two main categories:

  • Physiological Causes

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can slow down the digestive process, leading to diarrhoea. Additionally, pregnant women may experience morning sickness, which can lead to nausea, vomiting and an increased likelihood of diarrhoea.

  • Pathological Causes

Pregnant women are at a higher risk of contracting food-borne illnesses and other infections due to a weakened immune system. This can lead to gastroenteritis and diarrhoea. Pregnant women may also develop certain pregnancy-related conditions, such as preeclampsia or gestational diabetes, which can cause diarrhoea as a symptom.

Apart from that, there are several other causes like few medications mentioned by the best gynaecologists in Bangalore and certain lifestyle changes such as eating high-fibre foods, consuming caffeine or alcohol, and stress that can contribute to diarrhoea during pregnancy.

Dr. Tasneem Nishah Shah, Senior Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Manipal Hospitals, Whitefield, explains the pregnancy related measures in the video below. Please click the below video to get more information on the subject matter from an expert.


Symptoms of Diarrhoea in Early Pregnancy

The symptoms of diarrhoea during pregnancy may include:

  • Loose, watery stools

  • Abdominal cramping

  • Bloating and gas

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Fatigue

  • Loss of appetite

  • Fever

Prevention and Management of Diarrhoea during Pregnancy

Here are some ways to prevent and manage diarrhoea during pregnancy:

  • Maintain Good Hygiene

Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially before eating and after using the toilet.

  • Eat a Well-Balanced Diet

Consume a diet that is high in fibre, fruits, vegetables and whole grains to promote healthy bowel movements.

  • Stay Hydrated

Drink plenty of water and other fluids to prevent dehydration.

  • Avoid Foods that May Cause Diarrhoea

These may include spicy foods, high-fat foods, caffeine and alcohol.

  • Avoid Certain Medications

If possible, avoid medications that can cause diarrhoea as a side effect.

  • Manage Stress

Try to reduce stress through relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, yoga or meditation.

  • Get Enough Rest

Make sure you get enough sleep and rest to allow your body to recover.

  • Consult with a Doctor

If you experience persistent or severe diarrhoea, speak with your healthcare provider to determine the cause and receive appropriate treatment.

Potential Complications and Risks of Diarrhoea during Pregnancy

During pregnancy, yellow watery diarrhoea during pregnancy can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, which can be harmful to both the mother and the developing foetus. It can also increase the risk of preterm labour and birth. In addition, if the diarrhoea is caused by a bacterial or viral infection, the mother may be at risk of developing a secondary infection such as a urinary tract infection or sepsis. If a woman is experiencing diarrhoea in pregnancy, it is important to see a doctor at a best gynaecologist hospital in Bangalore to determine the cause and to receive appropriate treatment.

Diarrhoea during the third trimester of pregnancy is more common. The condition can indicate the possibility of going into labour.

Remedies for Coping with Diarrhoea during Pregnancy

Here are some tips and home remedies to deal with diarrhoea during pregnancy:

  • Drink plenty of water and other fluids, such as clear broth, frozen water or ice pops, or clear soda to help prevent dehydration.

  • Eat small and frequent meals.

  • Avoid foods that can worsen diarrhoea symptoms, such as high-fat foods, spicy foods, caffeine, alcohol, and artificial sweeteners.

  • Eat high-fibre foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains which can help to bulk up stools and make them easier to pass.

  • Get rest and proper sleep that can help your body to recover from diarrhoea.

  • If you have diarrhoea during pregnancy, it is important to see a doctor to determine the cause and to receive appropriate treatment.

  • Keep in mind that diarrhoea should not last more than a couple of days, if it does, contact your doctor.

When to Seek Medical Attention?

It is important to seek medical attention for diarrhoea and vomiting during pregnancy if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Persistent Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea that lasts for more than a couple of days.

  • Blood in your Stool

This can be a sign of a more serious condition such as inflammatory bowel disease or a bacterial or viral infection.

  • Severe Abdominal Pain

This can be a sign of a serious infection or other condition.

  • High Fever

A fever of 101 degrees Fahrenheit or higher can be a sign of a bacterial or viral infection.

  • Dehydration

Symptoms of dehydration include dry mouth, dark yellow urine, and dizziness.

  • Rapid heartbeat, muscle weakness or cramps, or feeling cold and clammy, which can indicate electrolyte imbalances.

  • Preeclampsia symptoms such as high blood pressure, severe headache, vision changes or sudden weight gain.

In conclusion, diarrhoea during pregnancy can be a common and uncomfortable experience for expecting mothers. It can be caused by hormonal changes, food intolerance or allergies, and infection. It is important to stay hydrated, eat a well-balanced diet and contact a doctor if the diarrhoea is severe or prolonged.

Share this article on:

Subscribe to our blogs

Thank You Image

Thank you for subscribing to our blogs.
You will be notified when we upload a new blog