Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a disorder involving delays in development of basic skills such as social skills and effective communication skills. Autism, being a condition that is described as a “spectrum” , can also show varying degrees of abnormalities in regards to the persons’ intellect and ability to relate and cope in general society.
- Difficulty with using and understanding languages
- Difficulty with non-verbal communication like facial expression
- Problem in interacting with people
- Lack of ability to participate in conversations
- Difficulty in making friends
- Repetitive behaviour or action like head-banging
- Attention towards unusual objects
- Inability to adjust with the surroundings
- Hereditary –Researches suggests that autism can be passed on by the parents to the children.
- Neurological factors –Studies also suggests that abnormalities in certain region of the brain can also trigger autism.
- Complication at birth – improper development of early brain inside mother’s womb can also trigger autism in the child.
- Speech, physical or occupational therapy (to increase the useful activities)
- Special education (to meet unique educational needs)
- Social skills therapies (to increase the ability to socialize)
- Behavior modification (to develop positive behavior)