Heart diseases can be broadly classified into:
Congenital (present since birth)
Common Congenital Heart Diseases include Atrial and Ventricular Septal Defects (hole in the heart), Patent Ductus Arteriosus (an abnormal connection between two large blood vessels viz, aorta and pulmonary artery), Tetralogy of Fallot (blue babies), Pulmonary or Aortic Stenosis (narrowing of heart valves)
Acquired (develop during the lifetime of a person)
Common Acquired Heart Diseases include Myocardial Infarction (heart attack), Heart Failure (decreased heart function - weak heart), Arrhythmias (slow, fast or irregular heart rate), Valvular Heart Diseases (narrowing or leakage in heart valves)
If you have any symptoms mentioned above, you should seek advice from our heart specialist doctor in Jaipur.
Heart patients can have a variety of symptoms like:
Pain in the chest, back, arms, sweating
Difficulty in breathing
Swelling of feet
Loss of consciousness
Palpitations (slow beats, fast beats, irregular beats, skipped beats)
Sometimes people don’t have any symptoms – this condition is called Silent Ischemia or Silent Heart Attack, for such cases, you should always be aware of / prior information about the best cardiologist doctor in Jaipur.
Heart Specialist hospital in Jaipur offers these commonly available tests which can assess the condition of heart in different ways, some of them are:
Electrocardiogram or ECG – It is an easily available test done in case of chest pain to diagnose a heart attack.
Echocardiogram Test – It is a heart scan (like ultrasonography of abdomen) which gives a lot of information about heart structure and function, condition of heart chambers, valves, and major vessels.
Other common tests – Tread Mill Test, Holter Monitoring, Head-up Tilt Test, Cardiac CT and MRI.
A Heart Attack is a serious and life-threatening condition due to obstruction (blockage) in one of the major heart vessels known as Coronary Arteries. Due to the slow deposition of cholesterol inside coronary arteries, the blood flow to heart muscles gets diminished. In such cases, sudden stress in form of exertion, strong emotions, infections or otherwise, a clot can form causing complete occlusion (blockage) of a coronary artery. Such patients develop severe chest pain not relieved by usual pain killers and need to consult heart specialist doctor in Jaipur as soon as possible.
Heart Attack is a life-threatening condition and requires emergency treatment. The patient should remain calm and should go to the nearest heart specialist hospital in Jaipur at the earliest. Blood thinner medications (antiplatelet) should be started as soon as the patient arrives at the hospital. Remember every minute heart muscle is dying, due to complete blockage of the coronary artery – treatment has to be started as early as possible – “every minute counts”.
Heart Attack is treated by starting antiplatelet drugs and other supportive measures like oxygen, pain killers, medications to maintain heart rate and blood pressure. An urgent Angiogram is performed to look for a blocked artery.
Treatment of Choice:
Primary Angioplasty i.e. opening of the blocked artery using a balloon and stent.
Other treatment option includes giving a Clot Dissolving Medication (Thrombolysis) intravenously in case Cardiac Cath Lab facilities are not available in vicinity.
Angiography is a test to know about the blockages in Coronary Arteries. It is done by injecting a contrast material called dye into the coronary artery and visualizing it using X-Rays. The dye passes easily through normal arteries while any blockages can be easily seen in diseased arteries. Multiple views are seen to ascertain the number and extent of blockages. You can find one amongst the top cardiologist in Jaipur Manipal Hospital.
Angiography procedure is performed by one of the best cardiologist in Jaipur Manipal Hospital. It is performed through a patient’s wrist or groin. The area is infiltrated with local anaesthetic and the cardiologist passes a very thin wire and tube (called a catheter) up to the heart. The procedure is done in a Cardiac Catheterization Lab (Cath Lab) where specialized X-Ray setup guides the passage of wire to the heart. On reaching the heart, a small amount of dye is injected to look for any blockages in coronary arteries.
Angioplasty is a procedure done by a heart specialist doctor in Jaipur for treatment of coronary artery blockages. It is done by passing a thin wire into the coronary artery and inflating a small balloon over it. Inflation of this balloon opens up the block and restores blood flow. Balloon Angioplasty very often creates minute tears inside arterial walls which predispose it for thrombus formation and reocclusion.
A stent is a small metallic tube (like a spring) mounted over a balloon. Inflation of stent with a balloon inside the blockage area covers the diseased segment with stent thereby preventing further blockages and clot formation in that area. Later on, as the healing occurs, this stent becomes part of the arterial wall.
Manipal Hospitals is considered one of the best heart specialist in Jaipur.
Radial Angiography is done commonly through Groin or Wrist.
Groin Arteries being larger in size provide an easy route for Angiography but it is quite cumbersome for the patient as he needs to lie flat over the bed for next few hours (to avoid any bleeding from the groin).
Comparatively, Angiography through the Wrist Artery (Radial Artery) is very comfortable for the patient as there is no restriction to lie down. Patients can walk out of the Cath Lab and are usually discharged in 3-4 hours.
Our team of doctors have one of the best cardiologist in Jaipur, which takes all the necessary precautions for your safety.