Dr. Bhupendra Singh

Consultant - Cardiology

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Dr. Bhupendra Singh

Consultant - Cardiology

Manipal Hospitals, Ghaziabad

What is Angina? What are the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment?

Posted On: Jun 14, 2024

blogs read 4 Min Read

Angina It's Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Angina, often referred to as angina pectoris, can be a frightening experience. It presents as chest pain, a tightness or discomfort that acts as a warning sign from your heart. But what exactly is angina, and what can you do about it? This blog delves into the world of angina, explaining its causes, symptoms, and effective angina treatment options to empower you to manage your heart health.


Understanding the Cause: Reduced Blood Flow to the Heart

At the heart of angina lies a problem with blood flow. The coronary arteries are responsible for delivering oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. When these arteries become narrowed due to a buildup of plaque (atherosclerosis), the blood supply to the heart muscle is restricted. This lack of oxygen is what triggers the chest pain associated with angina pectoris.

Coronary Artery Disease: The Underlying Culprit

The most common cause of angina is coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD develops due to various factors, including:

  1. High cholesterol: LDL ("bad") cholesterol can contribute to plaque buildup in the arteries.

  2. High blood pressure: Uncontrolled hypertension puts additional stress on the heart and arteries.

  3. Smoking: Smoking damages the inner lining of arteries, accelerating plaque formation.

  4. Diabetes: This condition can affect blood sugar regulation and contribute to CAD.

  5. Family history: Having a family member with heart disease increases your risk.

  6. Unhealthy lifestyle: Lack of physical activity and a poor diet can worsen CAD risk.

Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms of Angina

Angina typically presents as chest pain, but it can manifest differently for everyone. Here's a range of angina symptoms to be aware of:

  1. Chest pain or discomfort: Often described as a squeezing, pressure, or tightness in the chest. Chest pain can radiate to the shoulders, arms, jaw, back, or stomach.

  2. Discomfort triggered by exertion or stress: Pain often occurs during physical activity, emotional distress, or exposure to cold temperatures.

  3. Short-lived pain: Angina attacks typically last for a few minutes and usually subside with rest or medication.

  4. Other symptoms: You might experience shortness of breath, nausea, sweating, or fatigue alongside chest pain.

It's crucial to remember that not all chest pain is angina. If you experience any unexplained chest pain, especially sudden or severe pain, seek immediate medical attention to rule out a heart attack.

Consult our cardiologist in Ghaziabad if you are experiencing the above angina symptoms.

Taking Charge of Your Heart Health: Treatment Options for Angina

The good news is that angina is a treatable condition. Here are some approaches to managing angina and promoting heart health:

  1. Lifestyle modifications: Quitting smoking, adopting a heart-healthy diet, engaging in regular exercise, and managing stress are crucial steps.

  2. Medication: Medications like nitroglycerin can help relax blood vessels and improve blood flow to the heart, relieving angina pain. Cholesterol-lowering medications and blood pressure medications can also be prescribed.

  3. Minimally invasive procedures: In some cases, procedures like angioplasty and stenting can open blocked arteries and improve blood flow.

  4. Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG): In severe cases, CABG might be necessary to create a detour for blocked arteries, improving blood supply to the heart muscle.

Remember, early diagnosis and intervention are key. If you experience symptoms suggestive of angina, consult with our expert Cardiology Hospital in Ghaziabad promptly. With proper treatment and lifestyle changes, you can manage angina and live a fulfilling life. We also invite you to explore our blog page to read the latest blogs shared by our doctors.

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