Neurological disorders are any disorders that affect the nervous system. The nervous system comprises the brain and spinal cord, as well as all of the nerves that branch out from them to control functions throughout the body.
These disorders can affect any part of the nervous system, including the spinal cord, brain, or peripheral nerves. They can result from genetic factors, accidents or injuries, diseases like cancer or diabetes, infections like HIV/AIDS and herpes simplex virus (HSV), or toxins like lead or mercury. Common examples of neurological disorders include Stroke and Alzheimer's Disease.
Manipal Hospitals offer the most satisfactory neuro disease treatment in Ghaziabad for over 100 neuro conditions like,
Common Neurological Disorders
An acute stroke is when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted, typically by blood clots or ruptured blood vessels.
A blockage causes ischemic strokes in an artery inside the skull, while hemorrhagic strokes result from brain bleeding. Acute ischemic stroke symptoms include sudden onset of weakness or numbness in one side of the body, slurred speech, trouble seeing out of one eye; sudden confusion; trouble understanding speech; and trouble walking.
Acute hemorrhagic stroke symptoms include,
Sudden onset of severe headache and vomiting,
Numbness in either side of the body,
Trouble seeing out of one eye,
Trouble understanding speech and trouble walking.
Cerebrovascular Diseases affect the structure of the brain.
Most cerebrovascular diseases that affect the brain's structure result from atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), which results from a buildup of cholesterol plaque on arterial walls.
Other causes of cerebrovascular diseases include hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes), and vasospasm (constriction of blood vessels).
Recurrent seizures characterise epilepsy. Focal seizures are limited to one part of the brain, while generalised seizures simultaneously affect both sides of the brain.
During a seizure, patients may experience various symptoms, including convulsions and loss of consciousness (fainting). Some people may also feel an aura before a seizure occurs. Auras are unusual sensations that precede some types of epileptic episodes.
Neuromuscular Diseases affect the muscles and nerves—factors like genetic disorders, infections, autoimmune diseases and toxins may result in Neuromuscular Diseases.
Parkinson's disease- is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects millions of people around the world. It is chronic and progressive. A lack of dopamine-producing neurons in the brain causes symptoms such as tremors and muscle stiffness.
PD progresses slowly and becomes more severe over time if not treated. It can eventually lead to disability, so it is essential to seek treatment early on to prevent this from happening.
Alzheimer's disease causes memory loss, confusion, and problems with thinking, problem-solving and language. AD is a progressive disease that gets worse over time.
The most common early symptom of Alzheimer's disease are,
Forgetting recent conversations or errands
Difficulty remembering newly learned information
Losing the ability to retrace steps
Having trouble performing familiar tasks at home, work or leisure
Confusion with time or place
Decreased or poor problem-solving abilities
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) causes muscle control and vision problems as the body's immune system attacks healthy brain cells and spinal cord by mistake. The cause of MS is unknown, but it is not contagious or hereditary. MS may go undetected for years and impacts our central nervous system.
Demyelinating disorders affect the myelin sheath around the axons of neurons. This sheath insulates neurons and speeds up nerve impulses, and nerve impulses slow down with damage. Demyelinating disorders can result from infections, autoimmune diseases, and genetic disorders.
The symptoms of demyelinating disorders depend on which nerves are affected but typically include loss of sensation (e.g., numbness), muscle weakness, paralysis, or other problems with movement. The symptoms of these disorders can range from mild to severe.
EEG stands for Electroencephalogram, and it is a test that measures the electrical activity in the brain. EEGs help doctors diagnose epilepsy, tumours, strokes, and other brain disorders.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves for detailed images of the inside of the body.
Doctors use MRI to diagnose neurological disorders, such as brain tumours, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), stroke, traumatic brain injuries and Alzheimer's Disease using radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce detailed images of the inside of the body.
A CT scan is imaging that uses a computer to create cross-sectional images of the body. It helps diagnose neurological disorders by showing brain structure or functionality changes.
CT scans diagnose traumatic brain injuries, tumours, Stroke, Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer's Disease, and other conditions.
Ultrasound is a non-invasive imaging modality that examines the brain and other body parts. It works by using sound waves to generate an image of the inside of the body.
Ultrasound helps identify tumours and other abnormalities in the brain. The technique also diagnoses neurological problems such as Multiple Sclerosis or Parkinson's.
A Lumbar Puncture collects cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by inserting a needle into the spine to collect Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF). Doctors analyse this fluid for the presence of infection, inflammation, or bleeding.
An orthopaedic surgeon or neurologist usually performs the procedure with the patient under anaesthesia.
EMG measures the electrical activity of muscles. It can measure a muscle's function and ensure it is working correctly.
EMG helps to determine whether or not a patient has nerve damage or if there are problems with the muscles themselves.
NCS - Nerve Conduction Study
A Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) measures the speed at which messages transmit across the nerves. It detects nerve damage and diagnoses disorders such as carpal tunnel syndrome, sciatica, or ulnar nerve entrapment.
Doctors place electrodes on the skin over the area of interest. The electrodes connect to a machine that sends electrical impulses to stimulate the nerves and capture them for analysis.
3-Tesla MRI is advanced imaging that uses powerful magnetic fields to create detailed images of the body. The name "3-Tesla" refers to the strength of the MRI machine's magnetic field.
3-Tesla MRI offers several advantages over other types of imaging, including higher resolution and less radiation exposure for patients.
PET-CT is a non-invasive imaging technique that allows doctors to diagnose neurological disorders. It uses radioactive tracers to measure the metabolism of brain cells, which scanners detect, allowing doctors to identify areas of high activity or low activity. It detects cancerous tumours and other diseases, including Multiple Sclerosis and Alzheimer's.
Molecular Diagnostics allows physicians to diagnose neurological disorders and identify key abnormalities at a cellular and molecular level. It can also detect and measure specific cellular alterations and genetic sequences in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA), amino acids, or proteins.
A Memory Clinic is a facility that provides patients with problems related to their memory with diagnosis and treatment options.
Memory clinics have doctors specialising in treating neurological disorders and providing services from diagnosis and treatment through research and education.
The goal of a Memory Clinic is to stop deterioration in Dementia through early diagnosis and treatment and identify and treat disorders that might be contributing to the patient's problems.
Memory clinics also evaluate new treatment possibilities, which helps patients stay informed about the latest advances in their field.
After a stroke, doctors recommend a series of scans (MRI, CT Scan, Echo), tests (Blood draw, angiogram) and examinations to identify how the stroke affects the neurological system.
Doctors identify the clots and their sources and start treatment procedures, including surgery and medications.
Neuro Intensive Care
Neuro Intensive Care is a subspecialty of critical care that focuses on treating patients with severe brain injury and neurological disorders. Neurointensive care aims to optimise the patient's neurological status and facilitate recovery by providing a safe and comfortable environment for the patient. Consult with the top neurologists in Ghaziabad to get the best neurology treatment at Manipal Hospitals now.