Pap Smear Test - A Vital Tool to Screen for Cervical Cancer
DR. VINIETA DIWAKAR
Aug 22, 2022
Obstetrics studies and treats women during pregnancy and childbirth. Obstetricians perform surgical procedures, such as cesarean sections and episiotomies (surgical incisions during childbirth). They also provide prenatal care to pregnant patients, including counselling and managing pregnancy complications. Gynaecology deals with the female reproductive system and its related disorders. The word "gynaecology" comes from the Greek (gyne), meaning woman, and -logia, meaning study. An Obs Gynae specialises in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. They care for pregnant patients, treat female reproductive health issues, and perform surgeries like hysterectomies. Our highly experienced gynaecologist obstetricians in Ghaziabad provide care for women throughout their lives, including gynaecological services such as: Annual Exams Pap Smears Prenatal Care Prenatal Diagnosis & Delivery Managing Pregnancies at High Risk for Complications.
Manipal Hospitals is trusted as the finest multi-speciality hospital in Ghaziabad. We have multispecialty disciplines that offer complete women and baby healthcare. We are known for our patient-centric approach and world-class facilities like gynaecological cancer management, fertility treatments, advanced IVF treatment, and genetic disorders screening.
Our Obstetrics and Gynaecology centre of excellence has the experienced gynaecologists in Ghaziabad to help females of all ages.
A Non-Stress Test (NST) is a test for fetal wellbeing. It measures fetal heart rate and response to movement in the third trimester to ensure that the baby is doing well.
High-risk pregnancy puts you and your unborn baby at risk for various health problems during pregnancy, and delivery. Mothers with high-risk pregnancies need special monitoring and care throughout their pregnancy.
Also known as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), PCOD is characterized by hormonal imbalance and high levels of male hormones in females.
Obstetric ultrasound uses sound waves to produce pictures of a developing embryo or foetus within pregnant women, as well as the mother's uterus and ovaries. It does not use ionizing radiation and has no known harmful effects.
This is a procedure that involves extracting a small piece of tissue from the cervix to facilitate lab testing for cervical cancer and precancerous conditions that could threaten the health of the patient in the future. Biopsies are largely pain-free procedures that do not require advanced recovery times.
Constantly buzzing with a stream of women and babies coming in to meet our gynaecologists, our outpatient and inpatient unit is equipped to diagnose and treat a range of gynaecological conditions that do not require surgery or hospitalization. From screening tests, ultrasound scans and mammograms, to high risk pregnancy management, pain and bleeding…
This is one of the foremost tests in assisted reproduction that gives hope to millions of couples who want to have a baby. Follicular study and monitoring are done to study ovarian follicles that are used to identify ovulation of egg.
Pap Smear or Pap Test is a vaginal exam that screens for cervical cancer. This is done by taking a swab to collect cervical cells to be examined for abnormal growth and other indications of precancerous /cancerous cells. It’s a simple procedure that takes approximately 5 minutes.
Cancer can be preventable and appropriate tests can detect any possibility of the disease in women. A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells on your cervix which is the opening of the uterus. During the routine procedure, cells from your cervix are…
The surgical removal of the uterus is called a hysterectomy. It is performed when the uterus is afflicted by uterine fibroids, cancer, uterine prolapse (moving out of position), adenomyosis (abnormal thickening of uterine walls), endometriosis and other abnormalities in the uterus that threaten the patient's health. Typically, a hysterectomy is a last…
For those who seek to postpone having a baby, or just stop having one, our family planning services unit is the right place to come to. Our gynaecologists advise you on the best possible contraception and sterilization options.
Postnatal care (PNC) is the care given to the mother and her newborn baby immediately after the birth and for the first six weeks of life. Women could also go through hormonal changes that could affect their mental health, or they could have lactation issues.
A separate menopausal clinic is available for the treatment of pre-menopausal conditions. Post-menopausal counseling and treatment are provided by expert advisors and specialists.
Puberty is the process a girl’s body goes through as she develops into an adult. Some of the common puberty disorders treated at Manipal Hospitals by our gynaecologists include Delayed puberty – puberty hasn't started by age 13; Precocious puberty – puberty begins too early, before age 7 or 8 in girls; Contrasexual pubertal development – development…
At one point, endoscopy during pregnancy was believed to endanger the foetus in the womb. Therefore it is generally discouraged endoscopy during pregnancy and, if absolutely necessary, recommended that procedures occur during the second trimester.
We understand that women are naturally predisposed to several changes in their body in their lifetime – starting from menstruation and childbirth to menopause and age-related gynaecological health issues. This is why our dedicated and specialized Well Women Clinic seeks to address all their conditions with responsibility and consideration. Our Well…
Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus in order to diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding. Hysteroscopy is done using a hysteroscope, a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus.
A tremendously specialized medical field, genetics is about heredity and certain risk factors involved in the genes. Every child inherits genes from both of their biological parents and these genes in turn express specific traits.
Basically a prenatal test in which a sample of the chorionic villi is removed from the placenta for testing, Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) ing (CVS) is a prenatal test that is used to detect birth defects, genetic diseases, and other problems during pregnancy.
Menopause is a natural part of ageing when a woman stops having her monthly period. It is a normal process marking the end of a woman's reproductive years. However, some women cannot handle menopause well because of a few irregularities in their menstrual cycle such as early menopause either as a result of a surgical intervention such as removal of…
Medical research confirms that 70-80 percent of women will develop uterine fibroids in their lifetime. Fibroids are benign growths of muscle cells and tissues and pose no risk of turning cancerous. However, in some women, especially during menopause, fibroids can cause a variety of health conditions that include heavy or prolonged periods, bleeding…
For couples who find it difficult to get pregnant due to certain infertility issues, our Infertility Clinic is a boon. Endowed with the qualifications and experience to treat infertility issues, the infertility specialists at our Clinic examine and study the underlying complications in couples hindering their chance at having a baby. The Clinic is…
All our women and child clinics are highly competent to conduct various tests and perform procedures that do not require hospitalization. Some of these include Cervical (Cone) Biopsy Colporrhaphy or surgical repair of the vaginal wall, Colposcopy to detect cervical cancer signs, Dilation and Curettage (D&C), Endometrial Ablation, Endometrial or Uterine…
Each pregnancy is different even if it’s your tenth. We understand this perfectly and strive to meet the individual needs of your pregnancy and your newborn’s. Our obstetric care team is one of the finest in the country and supports you to understand your pregnancy and preferences.
Women often neglect their health in their endeavor to care for their family’s wellbeing. Steadfast in our belief that all women especially after 35 should have an annual check-up we conduct routine tests through the year, backed by comprehensive assistance and counselling. In addition to performing these vital screening tests, we also review women’s…
This is one of the foremost tests in assisted reproduction that gives hope to millions of couples who want to have a baby. Follicular study and monitoring are done to study ovarian follicles that are used to identify ovulation of egg. It is an ultrasound scan done inside the vagina to study the ovaries, uterus and uterus lining. A follicle scan should…
What are Obstetrics and Gynaecology Conditions?
The conditions and disorders for which women frequently look for gynaecology treatment in Ghaziabad are,
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Menopause Related Problems
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pregnancy outside the womb
Sexually Transmitted Infections.
Manipal Hospitals is the finest gynaecology hospital in Ghaziabad, offering all Obs Gynae treatments, including,
Disorders causing pain and bleeding
Termination of Pregnancy
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
A Cervical Biopsy removes a small sample of tissue from the Cervix, the lower part of the Uterus that connects to the vagina. The doctor evaluates the tissue under a microscope to diagnose abnormal cells.
A Non-Stress Test evaluates the health of a fetus during the second trimester of pregnancy, and it involves attaching electrodes to the mother's abdomen and monitoring the baby's heartbeat.
USG Scan diagnoses pregnancy and fetus health by inserting a probe into the vagina, emitting high-frequency sound waves. A monitor converts these waves to images of the fetus and internal organs.
The Pap Smear examines the cells of the Cervix to detect abnormal changes. This test is usually performed during a routine pelvic exam at any age, though it may be more effective when performed before age 30.
A Pap Smear identifies changes in cervical cells that may lead to cervical cancer.
HPV Test detects Human Papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus that can lead to cervical cancer. Genital warts and unusual cells on the Cervix are common symptoms of HPV.
Many people with HPV do not develop symptoms or do not know they have it.
Colposcopy is a diagnostic procedure for cervical lesions. It determines if there are any lesions or abnormal changes in the cells on the Cervix's surface and assesses their size and shape. The procedure involves examining the Cervix with a magnifying instrument called a colposcope.
Hysteroscopy allows the doctor to examine the Uterus inside with an instrument called a hysteroscope, a thin tube with a light-enabled camera at its tip. Hysteroscopy helps diagnose problems like Fibroids, Polyps, or Endometriosis.
Chorionic Villus Sampling
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) is a prenatal test that allows doctors to diagnose genetic disorders in fetuses.
Doctors remove a sample of placental tissue from the Uterus using a needle. This tissue contains the baby's DNA, which determines whether the fetus has any genetic abnormalities or congenital disabilities that could lead to complications during pregnancy or delivery.
Follicular Imaging in Assisted Reproduction
Follicular Imaging is a method of assisted reproduction that allows follicular development to be observed and monitored during in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycles.
This technique involves transvaginal ultrasound, detecting follicles. Follicles are monitored throughout their growth and ovulation-triggering process until they mature enough for aspiration retrieval.
The Anomaly Scan helps doctors identify possible congenital disabilities in the fetus using an ultrasound. In this scan, an ultrasound machine uses sound waves to create images of the fetus to identify abnormalities.
A Viability Scan is an ultrasound test performed during the first trimester of pregnancy. It determines whether a fetus has reached a stage of development where it can survive outside the womb. Doctors often perform this test as part of prenatal care for pregnant women.
Doppler Studies measure blood flow and heart rate and determine whether there are any irregularities in blood flow. In addition, they can be used to look for signs of congenital disabilities in unborn babies, such as fetal anaemia.
Fetal Echo Studies
Fetal Echo Studies diagnose pregnancy using an ultrasound of the fetus and placenta during pregnancy. The test determines the pregnancy's gestational age and confirms that the fetus is developing normally.
Fetal Echo Studies also assess the fetus's health. In some cases, it may help determine whether or not there is a risk of congenital disabilities or genetic disorders.
Amniocentesis detects genetic abnormalities such as Down syndrome and Trisomy 18 by taking a sample of the Amniotic Fluid. The fluid surrounds the fetus in the womb. A lab analyses the sample for genetic abnormalities.
The IUCD (Intrauterine Contraceptive Device) is a small T-shaped plastic device that can be inserted into the Uterus to prevent pregnancy. The IUCD is placed into the Uterus and prevents pregnancy by releasing copper ions into the uterine cavity.
The IUCD is one of the most effective forms of birth control available and lasts up to 10 years.
A Hysterectomy treats several critical conditions by removing all or part of a woman's Uterus. The part of the Uterus removal is called a partial Hysterectomy. In contrast, the total removal of the Uterus is called a total Hysterectomy.
Cancer, prolapse (when organs drop down into other parts of your body), Endometriosis (when tissue grows outside your Uterus), Fibroids (growths inside or around your Uterus), and heavy bleeding during periods are some reasons for Hysterectomy.
Sterilisation makes a female incapable of reproducing, usually by removing their reproductive organs. The most common process involves making an incision in the abdomen and removing the ovaries or fallopian tubes. In females, sterilisation is sometimes referred to as tubal ligation or "having your tubes tied."
Cerclage treats a variety of conditions that cause the Cervix to widen. The surgery involves placing sutures around the Cervix to narrow its opening.
Doctors recommend surgery after a miscarriage to prevent another miscarriage from occurring. It also helps women who have had a previous cesarean section delivery because they are at risk for repeat cesarean births due to weakened cervix muscles and scar tissue that causes difficulty with labour contractions.
Puberty Disorder Treatment
Puberty is the period of transition from childhood to adulthood. It begins with the onset of the gonadal hormones and continues until reproductive maturity. Puberty has two phases: the prepubertal phase, which lasts until a growth spurt occurs and secondary sexual characteristics appear, and the pubertal phase, which begins at puberty and ends at menarche or menopause.
Delayed onset of puberty beyond 13 years is called Primary Amenorrhea, while Precocious or early onset before eight years is called Secondary Amenorrhea. Contra-sexual pubertal development of male characteristics in females is also a disorder related to puberty.
The treatment of these disorders includes medication and lifestyle changes.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOD) is a hormonal disorder that affects women in their reproductive years with an imbalance of female sex hormones that results in symptoms like irregular or absent periods, excess facial and body hair, acne and weight gain.
There are various remedies available for PCOD, including lifestyle changes and medication. The first step to treating PCOD is identifying the underlying cause of the imbalance of hormones.
Hormone Therapy uses hormones to manage menopause-related complications, including hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness and thinning, decreased libido, anxiety and depression, memory loss, and increased risk of heart disease.
Cryosurgery destroys suspicious cells or tissue in the Cervix by freezing them. The procedure involves the use of liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide in order to freeze the cells.
Liquid nitrogen is usually used for smaller areas, while carbon dioxide is for larger areas.
Book an appointment now at Manipal Hospitals.
Manipal Hospitals has the best gynaecologists in Ghaziabad. The world-class facilities include,
General Gynaecological Services
Outpatient Gynaecological Services
Inpatient Gynaecological Services
Emergency Gynaecological Services
Family Planning Services and Sterilisation
Post Natal Care
Well Women Clinic
Robotic Surgeries in Gynaecology
Obstetrics/ Pregnancy Services
High-Risk Pregnancy Management
Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in women's reproductive health. Obstetricians care for women during their pregnancy and just after the baby is born. They also deliver babies. An ob-gyn is trained to do all of these things.
Common complications related to pregnancy include gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, and premature birth.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Diet and exercise treat the condition, which usually disappears after the baby is born.
Pre-eclampsia causes high blood pressure during pregnancy. It can lead to severe complications for both mother and child.
Premature birth occurs when a baby is born before 37 weeks of gestation, causing problems for both mother and child because the baby may not fully develop all its organs or be able to breathe without assistance.
Consult with the best gynaecologist in Ghaziabad to have more clarity on the complications.
Amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) detect the presence of defective genes that can indicate the chances of genetic diseases.
Visit the finest gynaecology hospital in Ghaziabad for predictive testing during pregnancy.
There are many causes of pain during intercourse, but the most common include:
Vaginal dryness can make it difficult for the vagina to lubricate itself, leading to pain during sex and even bleeding after sex.
Vaginal atrophy can lead to vaginal dryness as well as vaginal thinning, which makes intercourse painful and uncomfortable.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Although they are less common than they used to be, STDs still exist, and they often cause burning, itching, or pain during sex.
Pelvic floor disorders include bladder problems that cause involuntary urination, constipation, diarrhoea, chronic pelvic pain syndrome, prolapse of the Uterus, bladder or rectum, interstitial cystitis and faecal incontinence.
Chronic pain needs gynaecology treatment in Ghaziabad.
There are a few options for pregnancy outside the womb.
The first option is a surrogate, a woman who carries the child for another person, called the intended parent(s). Surrogacy is also known as third-party reproduction and embryo donation.
The second option is In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). IVF involves fertilising an egg with sperm outside of the body and implanting it into the Uterus.
The third option is Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT) which involves removing eggs from the ovaries and mixing them with sperm in a laboratory to transfer them back into the woman's fallopian tubes.
Consult the best gynaecologist obstetricians in Ghaziabad for the best pregnancy options.
Contact us to book an appointment with one of our specialists today.