Dr. Abhinav Jain

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Reviewed by

Dr. Abhinav Jain

Consultant - Urology

Manipal Hospitals, Delhi

Understanding UTI and its symptoms

Reviewed by:

Dr. Abhinav Jain

Posted On: May 07, 2024

blogs read 5 Min Read

All About Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infection is defined as an infection in any part of the urinary system. It generally affects the ureters, bladder, and urethra. And is most commonly caused by the E.coli bacterium that lives in the colon. Though UTI can happen in both men and women, the chances of men getting UTI are less than in women. UTIs need appropriate medical attention. Failure to treat UTI properly can lead to life-threatening complications such as sepsis. In this blog, we have compiled all the essential information that can help you detect, treat and prevent UTI.  

Here are some of the types of Urinary tract infections, one should know about:

  • Urethritis: When there is an infection in the urethra, it is called urethritis. The Urethra is like a hollow tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhoea, chlamydia, herpes and mycoplasma are also responsible for urethritis.

  • Cystitis: When infection from the urethra moves up towards the bladder, cystitis occurs. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the bacteria usually responsible for cystitis. Women are at high risk of getting cystitis.

  • Pyelonephritis:  When there is a blockage in the urinary tract, urine travels back up into the ureters and kidneys.

  • Abscess: When there is pus formation in the urinary tract due to infection, it is called an abscess.


What is the cause of UTI?

Urinary tract infection is mainly caused by bacteria. The bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and start to multiply in the urinary bladder. The defence mechanism of the urinary tract sometimes fails to prevent the entry of bacteria. Once the bacteria enter the urinary tract, it starts growing rapidly. Visit us, as we are considered one of the best urology hospitals in Dwarka, Delhi for diagnosis and treatment of UTI. 

What are the Risk Factors?

Women are at high risk of getting UTIs. The chances are so high that, it can be said that a woman has a 50-60% chance of getting a UTI compared to a man, whose chances are only 12%. The risk factors that make women more vulnerable are:

  1. Female anatomy: The urethra of women is near to the vagina. This makes the bacteria easy to travel and infect.

  2. Sexual activity:  Sexually active individuals are at higher risk of UTIs and this risk increases if it involves multiple partners.

  3. Certain types of birth control: Use of diaphragms and spermicidal agents for birth control may be associated with a higher risk of a UTI.

  4. Menopause: Menopausal women have a low oestrogen level. This decrease in oestrogen levels also makes them vulnerable to UTI infection.

  5. Pregnancy: Pregnant women are at higher risk of UTIs due to the altered physiology of the urinary system owing to the growing foetus inside the uterus. 

Urinary tract abnormalities, blockages in the urinary tract, suppressed immune system, use of catheters and recent urinary tract surgeries are some of the other risk factors of a UTI. 

What are the Symptoms of UTI?

The most common signs and symptoms of UTI include:

Consult with one of our highly experienced urologists in Dwarka, Delhi if you are having the above-mentioned symptoms.

How to treat Urinary Tract Infection?

The method of treatment and the duration of treatment depend upon the type of bacteria found in the urine during laboratory diagnosis. 

  • Antibiotics are the first-line category of medications used for treating UTIs. A severe infection needs intravenous antibiotics.

  • The physician may prescribe analgesics for symptomatic management of fever and pain.

  • Urinary alkalizers may be prescribed to promote an alkaline pH in the urine. This helps to flush out the bacteria quickly out of the body. 

What are the lifestyle and home remedies for UTI treatment?

Home remedies also help to manage UTIs during the ongoing antibiotic treatment.  Below are some of the tips that one should follow:

  1. Increasing water intake can help to flush out the bacteria quickly and fasten recovery.

  2. Avoid sugary drinks, coffee, alcohol and carbonated beverages until your infection is cleared.

  3. Cranberry juice is thought to reduce the symptoms associated with UTIs.

  4. Quit smoking

  5. Clean your genital area properly after urination and, before and after sex.

  6. Always wear inner garments that are made up of cotton and they should not be tight.

Book an appointment with our urologist in Delhi, if you observe any of the above-mentioned symptoms. Our doctors can guide you well and offer personalised treatment so that you can recover quickly. You can also explore our blog page to read the latest healthcare blogs shared by our doctors. 

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