Dr. Yugal Kishore Mishra

Chairman, Manipal Institute of Cardiac Sciences

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Dr. Yugal Kishore Mishra

Chairman, Manipal Institute of Cardiac Sciences

Manipal Hospitals, Delhi

Mitral Valve Repair: Procedure Details And Recovery

Posted On: Feb 14, 2024

blogs read 4 Min Read

Mitral Valve Repair It's Procedure Details and Recovery

What is MVR or Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery?

The mitral valve is a crucial part of the heart, ensuring blood flows in the right direction. When it malfunctions, it can lead to various problems like arrhythmias and constant fatigue which may necessitate repair surgery. 

When does one need a Mitral Valve Replacement?

Mitral heart valve replacement might be necessary for individuals facing specific heart conditions related to the mitral valve, which controls blood flow between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart, which in turn supplies blood to the entire body. Visit the best heart care hospital in Delhi to get the finest treatment and consult with our team of experts. 

Common conditions which can be treated by MVR

  • Severe Mitral Valve Stenosis

In this case, the valve opening narrows, restricting blood flow from the atrium to the ventricle. This can lead to similar symptoms as regurgitation and can worsen over time, prompting surgical intervention.

  • Endocarditis

When an infection damages the mitral valve, causing severe regurgitation or stenosis, replacement surgery might be necessary to prevent further complications and heart damage.

  • Failed Mitral Valve Repair

If a previous attempt at repairing the valve wasn't successful or the repair isn't expected to last long-term, replacement surgery might be the next step.

  • Severe Mitral Valve Regurgitation

This occurs when the valve doesn't close properly, causing blood to leak backwards into the atrium. If the leakage is significant and causes symptoms like fatigue, shortness of breath, or heart palpitations, surgery might be needed.

Sometimes other factors like age, overall health, and the presence of other medical conditions can also play a role in the decision for mitral valve replacement. A certified doctor/surgeon/anaesthetist will carefully weigh the risks and benefits of mitral valve surgery based on your circumstances.

It's important to note that mitral valve repair surgery is a major surgery with potential complications, so it's crucial to discuss all options thoroughly with your doctor before making a decision. Remember, I am not a medical professional, and this information should not be taken as a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult your heart care doctor for diagnosis and treatment options specific to your condition.

What happens in MVR?

Procedure Details:

  • Preparation:

    • Patients will undergo preoperative tests like echocardiograms and X-rays to assess the valve's condition.

  • Anesthesia:

    • Patients will receive general anaesthesia to remain unconscious throughout the surgery.

  • Surgical Approaches:

    • Open-heart surgery: A traditional approach involving an incision in the chest to access the heart directly.

    • Minimally invasive surgery: Performed through smaller incisions or catheters inserted through the groin or under the ribs. This approach offers faster recovery times and less scarring.

Minimally Invasive Surgery for Mitral Valve Repair

  • Repair Techniques:

    • Ring Annuloplasty: A ring is implanted around the valve to tighten and stabilize the leaflets.

    • Chordal Replacement: Damaged or stretched chords supporting the valve leaflets are replaced with artificial ones.

    • Leaflet Repair: Torn or leaky leaflets might be repaired with stitches or patches (artificial).

  • Post-Operative Care:

    • Rest and Therapy along with medications


Mitral valve repair is a major surgery, and it's crucial to discuss the risks and benefits with a cardiac surgeon before making a decision. Every individual's experience is unique, so listen to your body and prioritize rest during recovery. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management can significantly contribute to a successful recovery and long-term well-being. Manipal Hospitals Delhi offers the best heart care for you and your loved ones. Find the best care for your heart with our expert doctors. 

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