Rheumatology: Understanding All The Facts Related To This Field

Posted On Feb 01, 2023

2 Min Read

Dr. Benzeeta Pinto

Consultant - Rheumatology

Manipal Hospital - Sarjapur Road

Rheumatology Treatment in Sarjapur Road

What is Rheumatology?

Rheumatology is obtained from the Greek word "Rheuma," which means flow. Joint pains are usually caused by body fluids that are misdirected. Hence the name "rheumatism." Rheumatology currently refers to the branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the musculoskeletal system and soft tissues, including:

  • Inflammatory arthritis

  • Autoimmune diseases

  • Autoinflammatory diseases

  • Vasculitis

  • Heritable connective tissue disorders.

What are the Diseases treated by a Rheumatologist?

  • Diseases of the immune system are complex and fascinating.

  • A lot of them involve the joints and musculoskeletal structures but are not limited to these. Rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy, psoriatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gout are the common ones, to name a few.

  • In addition, we also deal with more serious autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, primary Sjogren’s syndrome, and inflammatory myositis.

  • Numerous other complex disorders like vasculitis, relapsing chondritis, sarcoidosis, and autoinflammatory diseases also fall under the umbrella of rheumatology.

Visit the top hospital for rheumatology treatment in Sarjapur Road

What is Auto-Immunity?

Autoimmunity refers to your immune system attacking itself. Under normal circumstances, the immune system is involved in protecting the body against infections and cancer and doesn’t attack its own cells. In certain situations, especially when there is a conducive genetic background, the immune system begins to turn on itself, leading to autoimmunity.

Who can be Affected by these Diseases?

Although autoimmune diseases more commonly affect women in their childbearing years, people of any age, gender, race, and region can be affected by these diseases.

Are these Diseases Curable?

Unfortunately, most rheumatological diseases are not permanently curable. This is similar to most other chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus and essential hypertension, that currently have no cure. However, most diseases can be effectively controlled, and patients can lead a near-normal life with the current modalities of treatment. Early diagnosis & treatment are vital for good outcomes.

When should I see a Rheumatologist?

  • If you are experiencing pain in your joints associated with swelling and morning stiffness, consult the best rheumatologist in Sarjapur Road.

  • If you have chronic low back pain that is worse in the morning.

  • If you have attacks of gout (intermittent bouts of joint pain, especially affecting the great toe).

  • If you have symptoms that affect multiple organs such as the skin, joints, blood counts, and kidneys.

  • If you are experiencing dryness of the eyes and mouth.

  • If you have any other problems that your physician feels can be a symptom of autoimmune disease.