Breathing Problems in Newborns
Department of Pulmonology (Respiratory and Sleep Medicine)
Aug 26, 2022
Respiratory medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the respiratory system. It includes the lungs, airways, and blood vessels and the study of how the respiratory system works and how it can be affected by the disease. Respiratory diseases can be divided into two main categories: infectious and non-infectious. Infectious respiratory diseases are caused by viruses, bacteria, or other organisms, and non-infectious respiratory diseases are caused by allergies, pollution, or smoking. There are many types of respiratory diseases, some more common ones including asthma, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
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Pulmonary tuberculosis is the most common form of tuberculosis, accounting for approximately 80% of all cases. It usually spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The infection usually affects the lungs but can also spread to other body parts. Extra pulmonary tuberculosis is less common than pulmonary tuberculosis but can…
Spirometry is a diagnostic test that measures how well your lungs work by assessing how much air you can inhale and exhale. A spirometry test is often used to diagnose and monitor conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other lung disorders.
A tube thoracostomy is a procedure in which a small, hollow tube is inserted through a small incision in the chest wall and into the pleural space. Tube thoracotomies are usually performed in the emergency department or the operating room. The procedure is typically performed under local anaesthesia, although general anaesthesia may be used in some…
Pleural adhesion lysis breaks up and removes scar tissue that has formed in the pleural space. This scar tissue can interfere with the normal movement of the lungs and cause shortness of breath. Pleural adhesion lysis is usually performed using a thoracoscope, a long, thin tube with a light and camera attached. The thoracoscope is inserted through…
Pleurodesis is a medical procedure that involves the inflamed pleura being coated with a sclerosing agent. This agent will irritate the pleura, causing it to stick to the chest wall. It will then cause the fluid to be reabsorbed and the air spaces to collapse. It will prevent the lung from re-expanding and stop any further fluid build-up.
A biopsy is a medical procedure that involves removing a small piece of tissue from the body for examination. A CT-guided biopsy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses imaging guidance to help the doctor access a specific body area.
Pulmonology Respiratory Sleep Medicine
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive tests that show how well the lungs are working. The tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This information can help your healthcare provider diagnose and decide the treatment of certain lung disorders.
The most common cause of respiratory distress in infants is pulmonary hypertension. This condition can be caused by several factors, including congenital heart defects, respiratory infections, and prematurity.
The most common treatments for respiratory infections are antibiotics and antiviral medications, which can help clear the infection and improve symptoms. In some cases, hospitalisation may be necessary to provide supportive care, such as oxygen therapy and IV fluids.
The most common cause of chronic respiratory disease is smoking. Cigarette smoking damages the lungs and leads to several health problems, including bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer.
The most common symptoms of respiratory disease include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest pain. These symptoms can range from mild to severe and may worsen with activity or exposure to irritants. Some respiratory diseases, such as asthma, can also cause episodes of acute respiratory distress.
If you have a persistent cough or difficulty breathing, your regular healthcare provider may refer you to a pulmonologist. This specialist diagnoses and treats lung-related health issues.
Pulmonology Respiratory Sleep Medicine