Dr. J. Jayabaskar

Consultant - ENT - Head & Neck Surgeon

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Reviewed by

Dr. J. Jayabaskar

Consultant - ENT - Head & Neck Surgeon

Manipal Hospitals, Salem

An Essential Guide To Epistaxis: Understanding And Treating Nose Bleeds

Reviewed by:

Dr. J. Jayabaskar

Posted On: Mar 21, 2023

blogs read 4 Min Read

Treatment for Epistaxis in Salem

Epistaxis, more commonly known as nosebleeds, is a condition where the nostrils bleed. It is a common phenomenon and can occur due to numerous causes. It can be a minor nuisance or a life-threatening emergency, depending on the severity of the condition. Nosebleeds can occur in both adults and children, although they are more common in children between the ages of two and ten. In this blog, we will discuss epistaxis, its types, causes, first aid, investigation, and treatment. Visit a top hospital in case you need treatment for epistaxis in Salem.

What is Epistaxis?

Epistaxis is the medical term for nosebleeds. It is a common condition that occurs when blood vessels in the nose rupture and bleed. Nosebleeds can range from a minor inconvenience to a downright scary situation, depending on their severity. Luckily, most nosebleeds can be easily managed at home. But, if they keep coming back or don't respond to simple remedies, it's important to seek medical help. 

Types of Epistaxis

Epistaxis can be classified into two types: anterior and posterior.

  • Anterior 

Anterior nosebleeds are the most common type and are caused by a rupture of the anterior blood vessels in the nose. These vessels are located in the front part of the nasal septum, the area between the two nostrils. Anterior nosebleeds are usually mild and can be managed at home. However, if the bleeding does not stop on its own, seek medical attention right away.

  • Posterior 

Posterior nosebleeds are less common and are caused by a rupture of the posterior blood vessels in the nose. These vessels are located in the back of the nasal septum. Posterior nosebleeds can be more serious than anterior nosebleeds and are more difficult to stop. Posterior nosebleeds almost always require medical intervention.

Causes of Nose Bleeding

Nosebleeds can occur due to a variety of causes. These causes can include:

  • Dry air causes the nasal passages to become irritated and leads to nosebleeds.

  • Trauma such as a blow to the face.

  • Allergies irritate the nasal passages and hence, nose bleeding.

  • Infections such as sinus infections.

  • Blood clotting disorders which is a major cause of epistaxis.

  • Medications like blood thinners.

  • Foreign objects such as a finger or a cotton swab.

First Aid: First Step to Stop Nosebleeds

If you experience a nosebleed, it is important to take the following steps to help stop the bleeding:

  • Pinch the soft portion of your nose, just below the bony ridge, with your thumb and index finger.

  • Lean forward so that the blood drains out of your nose and not down your throat.

  • Use an ice pack or a cold compress on your nose to help constrict the blood vessels and stop the bleeding.

When to Visit a Doctor?

  • If the nosebleed does not stop after taking the above steps, it is recurrent, or you have a heavy volume of nose bleeding and you feel faint or dizzy with difficulty breathing, you must seek immediate medical attention. 

  • The doctor will examine the nose and ask questions about the nosebleed, such as the duration of the bleeding and any possible causes. The doctor may also perform tests to determine the underlying cause of the nosebleed, such as a blood test or imaging tests.

Treatment for Epistaxis

  • The treatment for epistaxis depends on the underlying cause. If the nosebleed is recurrent or does not respond to first-aid measures, the doctor may recommend medications, such as decongestants or antiseptics, to help stop the bleeding. In more serious cases, the doctor may recommend surgery to repair the blood vessels or cauterise the bleeding vessels.

  • During an episode of a nosebleed, understand that it can be caused by a variety of factors. Hence, it is essential we stay informed, take precautions, and know when to seek medical attention. 

Consult a top ENT Surgeon in Salem for the diagnosis and treatment of Epistaxis. 


1. How can I stop a nosebleed?

If you are suffering from a nosebleed, you should sit upright and lean forward slightly to prevent blood from entering the throat. Pinch the soft part of the nose for 5-10 minutes and see if the bleeding has stopped. If not, visit a doctor.

2. Are there any lifestyle changes I can make to help prevent epistaxis?

Yes, there are several lifestyle changes that can help to prevent epistaxis. These include avoiding picking your nose, avoiding blowing your nose too hard, using a humidifier in your home, and avoiding smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke.

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