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Senior Consultant Interventional Cardiology

Manipal Hospitals, Patiala

Common Heart Conditions Treated With Angioplasty

Posted On: Dec 08, 2023

blogs read 4 Min Read

Common Heart Conditions Treated with Angioplasty

Common heart conditions are one of the leading causes of death in the urban population globally. India faces a significant burden of heart conditions, claiming a rising number of lives each year.

The relevance of heart conditions rising in India

  • Leading Cause of Death

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number one cause of death in India, accounting for nearly 17.7 million deaths each year.

  • Younger Population Affected

CVDs are becoming increasingly prevalent among the younger population (40-69 years old), contributing to 45% of deaths in this age group. This is also the country's future workforce and hence, a worrying statistic. 

  • Global Comparison

India with its growing population, has the heaviest burden of acute coronary syndrome and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) globally.

Types of common heart diseases

  • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

This prevalent condition, characterized by plaque buildup in the heart arteries, is the leading cause of CVD deaths in India.

  • Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)

A subset of CAD, IHD restricts blood flow to the heart muscle, leading to angina and heart attacks.

  • Hypertensive Heart Disease

The strain of high blood pressure on the heart can cause this condition, leading to heart failure and or arrhythmias.

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD)

As a consequence of untreated streptococcal infections, RHD damages heart valves, primarily affecting children and young adults.

  • Congenital Heart Disease

Birth defects affect the heart's structure, this condition can range from mild to life-threatening depending on the type of malformation. 

  • Arrhythmias

Abnormal heart rhythms, like Tachycardia or Bradycardia, can lead to major disruptions to the heart's pumping function in the long run.

Risk factors of common heart diseases

  • Lifestyle Factors

An unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption significantly contribute to CVD risks.

  • Socioeconomic Factors

Poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and inadequate sanitation contribute to the burden of CVDs in India.

  • Genetics

Certain genetic predispositions can increase vulnerability to heart conditions.

To know more visit the best cardiology hospital in Patiala.

Challenges and opportunities

  • Limited Healthcare Access

Unequal access to quality cardiac care, especially in rural areas, hinders timely diagnosis and treatment of otherwise curable conditions.

  • Rising Healthcare Costs

The affordability of advanced treatments and medications remains challenging for many in the country.

  • Public Awareness

Lack of awareness about heart health and risk factors prevents preventive measures and early intervention is another matter of concern in public healthcare.

Manipal Hospitals Patiala aims to spread awareness around preventive care for all to promote timely diagnosis and well-being.


Angioplasty treatment, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a minimally invasive procedure used to open blocked or narrowed arteries. It's most commonly used for treating coronary artery disease (CAD), which is the buildup of plaque in the heart's arteries, restricting blood flow.

Here are some of the common heart problems treated with angioplasty:

  • Stable Angina

This is chest pain or discomfort caused by narrowed coronary arteries. An angioplasty procedure can open the arteries and improve blood flow, reducing or eliminating angina symptoms.

  • Unstable Angina

This is a more serious form of angina that can lead to a heart attack. Angioplasty is often done as an emergency procedure to stabilize the patient and prevent further complications.

  • Heart Attack

Angioplasty can be performed during a heart attack to open the blocked artery and restore blood flow to the heart muscle. This can minimize damage and alleviate the patient's symptoms. 

  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

This condition affects arteries in the legs and can cause pain, cramping, and even tissue loss. Angioplasty can be used to open narrowed arteries and improve blood flow to the legs.

  • Carotid Artery Disease

This condition affects the arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain. Angioplasty can be used to open narrowed carotid arteries reduce the risk of stroke and reduce the probability of damage.

It's important to note that angioplasty may not always be a suitable form of treatment. Your cardiologist will examine your condition and determine if angioplasty is the best treatment option for you.

More to know about Treatment via Angioplasty

  • Angioplasty is often combined with stent placement. A stent is a small, expandable tube inserted into the artery to keep it open after angioplasty.

  • Angioplasty is usually performed as a day surgery, meaning you can go home the same day.

  • The success rate of angioplasty is high, but there are still risks involved, such as bleeding, infection, and damage to the artery.

  • After angioplasty, you will need to take certain medications and make lifestyle changes to prevent further blockage of your arteries.

Manipal Hospitals Patiala aims to bring the best possible treatment for common heart issues to its patients. Angioplasty surgery is one of the most minimally invasive procedures which can be performed on a patient suffering life-threatening heart conditions. This procedure can even be performed in emergencies to preserve life. Understanding your heart health and getting regular checkups is your first step towards good health and a better life. Visit Manipal Hospitals Patiala for the best heart care around you.

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