What are Kidney Diseases?
Kidney disease, also known as nephritis or nephrotic syndrome, is when the kidneys become damaged. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that filter waste and excess water from the blood. They also produce hormones and maintain electrolyte balance.
Diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels may cause kidney diseases. Over time, these conditions damage the kidney's filtering units, making it harder to remove waste products from the blood. The waste products include urea and uric acid.
One should immediately see a doctor after experiencing the following symptoms:
The finest kidney specialist hospital in Patiala- Manipal Hospitals, offers comprehensive treatment for all kidney-related ailments like:
Chronic kidney disease
Polycystic kidney disease
Urinary tract infections
Protein in the urine
Blood in the urine
Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS)
Hepato renal problems (Liver and Kidney)
The systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
End-stage kidney disease
Kidney biopsy is a surgical procedure to diagnose infectious diseases like HIV and hepatitis B, autoimmune diseases like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, and kidney cancer.
A kidney biopsy also finds the cause of kidney disease and observes whether the treatment works for people with kidney disease. Visit our kidney biopsy treatment hospital in Patiala to know more.
A kidney biopsy takes a small tissue sample from the kidneys during an operation or catheterization.
A renal biopsy is a procedure that detects and evaluates the entire renal system for diseases, including those that affect organs such as the kidneys, ureter and urinary bladder. A small tissue sample is extracted from the suspected region in the renal system by inserting a needle connected to a syringe with a small piece of gauze.
A urine test is a procedure that checks for diseases, conditions, and other factors affecting health by analysing a urine sample. Urine tests check for diabetes, kidney disease, or pregnancy. They also check the presence of proteins and sugar in the urine sample.
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measures how well kidneys filter waste from the blood. The kidneys remove excess fluid, nutrients, electrolytes, and waste products from the body.
The GFR is the amount of blood that passes through the glomerulus (the filtering unit) each minute.
A high GFR means the kidneys are working well and effectively removing waste from the body. A low GFR could be a sign of kidney disease or kidney damage.
Ultrasounds are medical imaging methods that use sound waves to create an image of the inside of the body. Ultrasounds help examine soft tissues, such as muscles, tendons and ligaments.
They can detect various conditions, including infections, tumours, blood clots and fluid build-up.
An ultrasound scan can help doctors diagnose many different types of kidney problems, including cysts (small lumps), stones (crystals) and abscesses (pus-filled collections).
A CT scan uses X-rays to diagnose internal injuries or diseases. They create three-dimensional images of bones, organs and blood vessels.
CT scans examine the renal system, brain, spine, abdomen and pelvis. CT scans help diagnose problems with bones, ligaments and tendons and many soft tissue injuries like herniated spinal disks or torn rotator cuffs in the shoulders.
CT scans provide more information than an x-ray.
Creatinine is a waste product that discharges via urine. The blood creatinine test checks kidney function by measuring the amount of creatinine in the blood, indicating the quality of the kidney's function.
The kidney filters waste and excretes them through urination. If the kidneys are not healthy, they cannot filter these wastes out effectively, which can cause dangerous levels of creatinine to build up in the body.
A high blood creatinine level can indicate kidney or liver problems or an underlying health condition such as diabetes that affects how well the kidneys work.
Dialysis is a process that cleans the blood when kidneys can not do it on their own. The way dialysis works depends on how much kidney function is left. Dialysis is needed if a patient has end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
Dialysis is done at home or at the hospital. The type of dialysis will depend on the kind of kidney failure and how well a patient responds to treatment.
When a patient's kidneys fail, the only treatment option is to get a new kidney. Kidney transplantation is a procedure where one of the kidneys will be removed and replaced with a healthy one.
Kidney transplantation is an effective treatment option for many patients with end-stage renal disease. It can treat patients with other diseases that affect their kidneys, such as polycystic kidney disease or diabetes.
ABO-incompatible transplantation is when the recipient's blood type is incompatible with the donor's—for instance, an O-negative kidney transplant into a patient with blood type A. The recipient, therefore, requires anti-rejection drugs to prevent the body from rejecting its new organ.
Paired exchange organ donation involves using two donors: one donor donates a kidney to a recipient, and then the recipient's family member donates a kidney for their loved one. The second donor's kidney treats someone else who is waiting for a kidney transplant.
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is a procedure to remove one or both kidneys from a living donor. It uses small incisions and cameras to allow the surgeon to see inside the body without making significant cuts in the skin.
The surgery may take anywhere from three to six hours.
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a severe disease that can lead to long-term kidney damage. When an individual suffers from AKI, blood pressure drops significantly, leading to decreased kidney oxygenation and poor organ function.
Many factors can cause this condition: sepsis, trauma, heart failure or renal disease are just some ways that a patient can suffer from this condition.
When an individual is diagnosed with AKI, they need immediate attention if they are going to recover from the disease. Critical Care Nephrology is a multidisciplinary effort to treat patients with AKI by providing them with the best care possible.
Desensitisation therapy is a treatment that reduces the body's immune response to a new kidney.
When a patient gets a transplant, their immune system will attack the new kidney, leading to failure and even death. Desensitisation therapy effectively reduces the risk of rejection by reducing the body's immune response to the transplanted organ as it exposes the body to tiny quantities of protein found in the donor's kidney.
Book an appointment now at the kidney specialist hospital in Patiala to get the finest treatment with the help of a team of experts.