Kidney Stones: Symptoms & Types
DR. YOGESH GARG
May 12, 2022
According to the World Health Organization, renal diseases are a leading cause of death worldwide. In India, more than 6 million people suffer from chronic kidney disease (CKD), making them the leading cause of death after heart disease. Renal diseases affect more than just kidneys. They can also cause high blood pressure, urinary tract infections and allergic reactions. They can make it difficult for the body to filter waste from the blood and remove toxins from its tissues. Furthermore, because there are many different types of renal disease, each person's experience will be unique. Nephrology deals with the kidneys and the urinary tract. It is also known as renal medicine. A nephrologist treats and diagnoses ailments like kidney stones, chronic kidney disease, hypertension and kidney disease caused by diabetes.
Kidney disease can be fatal if a patient does not receive the proper treatment. Manipal Hospitals has been working for over twenty years to help people with kidney problems by offering a wide range of options.
At Manipal Hospitals, Patiala, we believe that patients and their needs are central to our treatment philosophy. That is why we have multidisciplinary specialists from top nephrologists and surgeons who work together for the best treatment option for each patient. Our nephrology experts leverage contemporary medical technology at the finest Nephrology Hospital in Patiala.
The following nephrologists are available for the best kidney treatment in Patiala:
Nephrologists- kidney specialist doctors in Patiala
Best nephrologists in Patiala
This speciality of nephrology deals with kidney transplants which is gaining popularity among patients suffering from end-stage renal disease.
This is a synthetic process that allows a dialysis machine to filter your blood, removing waste and water. The process assists the body's impaired kidney function and is usually adopted while the patient undergoes treatment for the underlying disease, or till a suitable donor kidney becomes available. In the dialysis machine, the blood passes through…
A kidney biopsy involves taking one or more tiny samples of your kidney to look at with special microscopes.
Sometimes it is impossible to find a compatible kidney donor. With urgency mounting, emergency cases may require an ABO incompatible kidney transplant.
This is a procedure by which a small piece of the kidney is surgically removed for lab testing. Biopsies are primarily used to test for cancer, but is also effective in detecting or confirming other forms of kidney disease. The biopsy can be done through minimally invasive methods, although sometimes a surgical biopsy may be needed to identify the…
A paired kidney exchange, also known as a ‘kidney swap occurs when a living kidney donor is incompatible with the recipient, and exchanges kidneys with another donor/recipient pair.
This procedure takes a healthy kidney from a deceased or living donor and transplants it into a patient whose kidneys have failed. Without functional kidneys, the body accumulates harmful amounts of waste and fluid, which is a life-threatening situation. Everyone has two kidneys, and it is possible to function normally with just one, this makes it…
CLKT is performed routinely in patients with cirrhosis and associated kidney diseases. Most of these patients have chronic renal failure due to parenchymal kidney diseases, in most cases glomerulopathy associated with alcoholic cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis B or C infection, or chronic renal failure due to kidney rejection after kidney transplantation.
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is becoming the treatment of choice for critically ill paediatric patients as well as neonatal patients with acute kidney injury and congenital errors of metabolism.
Transvaginal route for kidney extraction (TVE) has emerged as a contemporary surgical option during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy to minimize scars and to offer donors cosmetic advantages in tandem with low post-operative pain.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious medical condition which affects lakhs of people. Most cases of AKI are caused by reduced blood flow to the kidneys, usually in a patient who’s unwell with a health condition. The reduced blood flow could be caused by severe dehydration from excessive vomiting or diarrhoea or low blood volume after bleeding. Patients…
What are Kidney Diseases?
Kidney disease, also known as nephritis or nephrotic syndrome, is when the kidneys become damaged. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that filter waste and excess water from the blood. They also produce hormones and maintain electrolyte balance.
Diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels may cause kidney diseases. Over time, these conditions damage the kidney's filtering units, making it harder to remove waste products from the blood. The waste products include urea and uric acid.
One should immediately see a doctor after experiencing the following symptoms:
Blood in urine
An unexpected loss of weight
Swelling in legs
Excess urination at night
The finest kidney specialist hospital in Patiala- Manipal Hospitals, offers comprehensive treatment for all kidney-related ailments like:
Chronic kidney disease
Polycystic kidney disease
Urinary tract infections
Protein in the urine
Blood in the urine
Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS)
Hepato renal problems (Liver and Kidney)
The systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
End-stage kidney disease
Kidney biopsy is a surgical procedure to diagnose infectious diseases like HIV and hepatitis B, autoimmune diseases like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, and kidney cancer.
A kidney biopsy also finds the cause of kidney disease and observes whether the treatment works for people with kidney disease. Visit our kidney biopsy treatment hospital in Patiala to know more.
A kidney biopsy takes a small tissue sample from the kidneys during an operation or catheterization.
A renal biopsy is a procedure that detects and evaluates the entire renal system for diseases, including those that affect organs such as the kidneys, ureter and urinary bladder. A small tissue sample is extracted from the suspected region in the renal system by inserting a needle connected to a syringe with a small piece of gauze.
A urine test is a procedure that checks for diseases, conditions, and other factors affecting health by analysing a urine sample. Urine tests check for diabetes, kidney disease, or pregnancy. They also check the presence of proteins and sugar in the urine sample.
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measures how well kidneys filter waste from the blood. The kidneys remove excess fluid, nutrients, electrolytes, and waste products from the body.
The GFR is the amount of blood that passes through the glomerulus (the filtering unit) each minute.
A high GFR means the kidneys are working well and effectively removing waste from the body. A low GFR could be a sign of kidney disease or kidney damage.
Ultrasounds are medical imaging methods that use sound waves to create an image of the inside of the body. Ultrasounds help examine soft tissues, such as muscles, tendons and ligaments.
They can detect various conditions, including infections, tumours, blood clots and fluid build-up.
An ultrasound scan can help doctors diagnose many different types of kidney problems, including cysts (small lumps), stones (crystals) and abscesses (pus-filled collections).
A CT scan uses X-rays to diagnose internal injuries or diseases. They create three-dimensional images of bones, organs and blood vessels.
CT scans examine the renal system, brain, spine, abdomen and pelvis. CT scans help diagnose problems with bones, ligaments and tendons and many soft tissue injuries like herniated spinal disks or torn rotator cuffs in the shoulders.
CT scans provide more information than an x-ray.
Blood Creatinine Test
Creatinine is a waste product that discharges via urine. The blood creatinine test checks kidney function by measuring the amount of creatinine in the blood, indicating the quality of the kidney's function.
The kidney filters waste and excrete them through urination. If the kidneys are not healthy, they cannot filter these wastes out effectively, which can cause dangerous levels of creatinine to build up in the body.
A high blood creatinine level can indicate kidney or liver problems or an underlying health condition such as diabetes that affects how well the kidneys work.
Dialysis is a process that cleans the blood when kidneys can not do it on their own. The way dialysis works depends on how much kidney function is left. Dialysis is needed if a patient has end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
Dialysis is done at home or at the hospital. The type of dialysis will depend on the kind of kidney failure and how well a patient responds to treatment.
When a patient's kidneys fail, the only treatment option is to get a new kidney. Kidney transplantation is a procedure where one of the kidneys will be removed and replaced with a healthy one.
Kidney transplantation is an effective treatment option for many patients with end-stage renal disease. It can treat patients with other diseases that affect their kidneys, such as polycystic kidney disease or diabetes.
ABO-incompatible and Paired Exchange Transplantation
ABO-incompatible transplantation is when the recipient's blood type is incompatible with the donor's—for instance, an O-negative kidney transplant into a patient with blood type A. The recipient, therefore, requires anti-rejection drugs to prevent the body from rejecting its new organ.
Paired exchange organ donation involves using two donors: one donor donates a kidney to a recipient, and then the recipient's family member donates a kidney for their loved one. The second donor's kidney treats someone else who is waiting for a kidney transplant.
Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is a procedure to remove one or both kidneys from a living donor. It uses small incisions and cameras to allow the surgeon to see inside the body without making significant cuts in the skin.
The surgery may take anywhere from three to six hours.
Critical Care Nephrology
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a severe disease that can lead to long-term kidney damage. When an individual suffers from AKI, blood pressure drops significantly, leading to decreased kidney oxygenation and poor organ function.
Many factors can cause this condition: sepsis, trauma, heart failure or renal disease are just some ways that a patient can suffer from this condition.
When an individual is diagnosed with AKI, they need immediate attention if they are going to recover from the disease. Critical Care Nephrology is a multidisciplinary effort to treat patients with AKI by providing them with the best care possible.
Desensitisation therapy is a treatment that reduces the body's immune response to a new kidney.
When a patient gets a transplant, their immune system will attack the new kidney, leading to failure and even death. Desensitisation therapy effectively reduces the risk of rejection by reducing the body's immune response to the transplanted organ as it exposes the body to tiny quantities of protein found in the donor's kidney.
At Manipal Hospitals, Kharadi, we have the expertise around:
Hemodialysis IP & OP (Adult/Pediatric/Neonatal)
Peritoneal Dialysis – CAPD/CCPD (Adult/Pediatric)
SLED – Sustained Low-Efficiency Dialysis
CRRT- Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
Best Kidney Doctors in Patiala
Best nephrologists in Patiala
After gathering general information about your health from you, your nephrologist will review your medical history, and do a complete physical examination. Then he might order blood and urine tests to determine the functioning of your kidneys.
It is responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of the disorders of the renal system such as
1.Protein in the Urine
2.Blood in the urine
3.Renal failure: A) Acute and B) Chronic
7.Polycystic kidney disease
8.Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS)
9.Hepato renal problems (Liver and Kidney)
10.The systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
12.End-stage kidney disease
Visit Manipal Hospitals for best kidney treatment in Patiala, our experts will take good care of you.
Kidneys are responsible for the removal of waste for the body by filtering the body's blood and producing urine. But in a circumstance of Kidney failure, the kidney loses 85 to 90% of its functionality, leading to the need for dialysis, which will filter the blood for waste, salt, and extra water.
Also called ESRD, end-stage renal disease is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When kidneys fail, it means it has stopped working, and the patient needs dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. If it is acute meaning temporary can be corrected in most instances. Consult with our best kidney experts in Patiala for the kidney transplant procedure.
Patients with chronic irreversible kidney disease who do not respond to any medical treatments, and are either on dialysis or would need dialysis will be eligible for a kidney transplant.
Symptoms of kidney disease may include:
Fatigue and weakness
Swelling in the legs or feet
Nausea and vomiting
Changes in mental function, such as confusion or difficulty concentratin
Blood tests and urinalysis results indicate whether or not the kidneys are functioning correctly. Doctors may perform a physical test and ask about the patient's medical history. Visit Manipal Hospitals, the best nephrology hospital in Patiala for regular check-ups.
While a doctor may recommend a diet specifically for the treatment needed. Here are some foods that are good for kidneys:
Beets and beetroot
Citrus fruits (like oranges)
Dark leafy greens like spinach and kale
Dialysis is needed when the kidneys can no longer remove wastes and extra elements from the blood because of a chronic kidney disease resulting from diabetes or high blood pressure. To know more about dialysis treatment in Patiala, visit Manipal Hospitals and consult with the experts.
Having a medical condition like kidney failure or a chronic kidney condition can affect your whole life. Manipal Hospitals has dedicated to providing high-quality, personalized care and building long-term partnerships with its patients. Contact us to know more about nephrological problems and book an appointment with one of our Nephrology specialists today.