India has the world's highest number of people with end-stage kidney disease, which is growing. Furthermore, while many factors contribute to this epidemic, one is the lack of education about renal science. We are changing that with our department of Renal Science at Manipal Hospitals, the best kidney hospital in Patiala, which provides affordable access to high-quality treatment for anyone who wants or needs better renal treatment.
Kidney disorders are life-threatening and can lead to long-term complications.
At Manipal Hospitals, we understand that diagnosing and treating the condition is essential as early as possible. Our team of nephrologists in Patiala are known for their ability to diagnose kidney disorders quickly and provide an effective treatment plan. We provide the highest quality care and a positive patient experience. Consult with our kidney specialists at Manipal Hospitals.
Our facilities include state-of-the-art diagnostic labs to identify and diagnose kidney disorders. We are known as the hospital with the top nephrologist in Patiala as we offer non-invasive and minimally invasive procedures to ensure a higher degree of patient safety. Our procedures include renal replacement therapy, kidney transplant and Ureteral stenting.
It is the process of gradually replacing damaged or diseased kidneys, first through dialysis and eventually through a kidney transplant. A dialysis machine serves as a temporary replacement for a damaged kidney, allowing the blood in the body to go directly into the machine to be filtered mechanically.
What is Renal Science
Renal science is the study of the kidneys. The kidneys are on either side of the spine, and they filter out waste products from the blood and produce urine to remove them. They also help regulate blood pressure, maintain electrolyte balance in the body, and secrete hormones that control other organ functions, such as reproductive health.
Renal science is an interdisciplinary field that involves:
Nephrologists- Doctors who specialise in kidney diseases
Urologists- Surgeons who treat kidney problems
Physiologists- Scientists who research kidney diseases
Technicians- Medical experts who diagnose diseases and perform treatments.
Common Renal Conditions
Many different conditions can affect the kidneys. The most common include:
Chronic Kidney Disease
A condition that causes kidney damage over time. This damage can make it harder for the kidneys to work, leading to serious health problems. The symptoms include frequent urination, blood in urine, swollen feet and tiredness.
Small, hard deposits of minerals that form in the kidneys, usually made of calcium or uric acid. Kidney stones can be tiny as a sand grain or as large as a golf ball. Most kidney stones are smaller than a pea. Kidney stones may cause severe pain in the side, back, or abdomen when they pass through the Ureter, the tube connecting kidneys to the bladder.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
A genetic disorder that causes cysts to form in the kidneys, leading to kidney failure. It is the most common cause of kidney failure in children and young adults, with symptoms often appearing in adolescence. The cysts may grow with age and cause symptoms such as pain and blood in the urine.
Urinary Tract Infections
When bacteria enter the urinary tract and begin to multiply, they cause pain and other symptoms. While UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections) affect both men and women, they occur more frequently in women because their anatomy makes it easier for bacteria to travel up the urethra and into the bladder.
When cells in the kidney begin to grow abnormally, forming a mass called a tumour. Kidney cancer is also called renal cell carcinoma. Kidney cancer may cause no symptoms until it has spread beyond the kidneys into other body areas. When this happens, symptoms may include back pain or difficulty urinating.
A disease when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's healthy cells. The classic example is lupus, which causes the body's immune system to attack the kidneys, leading to high blood pressure, low blood volume and swelling in the feet and hands.
Ultrasound creates the body's internal images using sound waves to diagnose kidney conditions, such as inflammation and growth. It provides information about blood flow through the renal artery and veins and helps doctors determine if any blockages may be causing symptoms. Ultrasound also detects tumours or cysts within the kidneys and determines whether there has been any damage caused by infection or inflammation.
CT scan produces cross-sectional images of the body's internal structures using X-rays. It diagnoses diseases in the kidney and surrounding structures, such as the ureters and bladder, including kidney cysts, cancerous lumps or masses, stones in the urinary tract, or other abnormalities of the urinary system.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or MRI, uses a powerful magnet to produce body images to diagnose kidney diseases like cysts, tumours and abscesses. It can also diagnose other conditions, such as brain tumours, spinal cord injuries and nerve damage.
Angiography involves injecting contrast dye into the blood vessels of the kidney. The contrast dye can then be seen on X-rays, allowing doctors to see the condition of the blood vessels. Angiography diagnoses kidney diseases such as Renal Artery Stenosis, Renal Vein Thrombosis and Renal Artery Occlusion.
Blood testing involves collecting a blood sample and analysing it for signs of kidney dysfunction.
The tests usually check Creatinine, a substance in the blood that indicates how well the kidneys function. If there is an unusually high amount of Creatinine in the bloodstream, it means the kidneys are not functioning correctly.
Renal biopsy uses needles to obtain kidney tissue samples to diagnose kidney diseases and disorders.
A Urologist inserts a needle through the skin into the kidney and then guides it through the other side of the organ toward a small blood vessel. A tissue sample is removed from this blood vessel using another attached needle.
Renal Replacement Therapy
Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT) assists the body in surviving Acute Kidney Insufficiency, which results in chronic kidney deterioration. The process gradually replaces damaged or diseased kidneys and starts with dialysis to support the body. Renal replacement therapy in Patiala is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
is available at Manipal
Dialysis removes waste products and excess water from the blood when a patient's kidneys are not working correctly. It is an artificial process that uses an external machine (dialyser) to filter out harmful substances.
Haemodialysis is used to treat people with kidney failure who need regular treatment with dialysis, involving a blood pump and several filters. It takes about 4 hours and can be done at home or in the hospital.
Peritoneal dialysis helps patients who cannot have haemodialysis because of problems with the veins or arteries in their arms or legs. It involves putting a solution into the belly (abdomen) through a tube called a catheter every night so that it can clean their blood as they sleep.
Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure in which an unhealthy or damaged kidney is removed and replaced with a kidney from another person. Kidney transplant helps people with an end-stage renal disease whose kidneys have stopped working correctly and may need dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Ureteral stenting helps relieve ureteral obstruction caused by fibrosis, tumour growth, or stones. It involves passing a catheter through the urethra and into the urinary bladder.
The surgeon advances the catheter up through the Ureter to the area of obstruction and inserts a stent (a small tube) into the Ureter to allow urine drainage from the kidneys.
Immunosuppressant Medication (to treat auto-immune diseases)
Immunosuppressant medications treat kidney conditions by lowering the body's immune system, which helps prevent the body from rejecting the new kidney after a kidney transplant and allows it to function normally.
Manipal Hospitals has the most renowned kidney stone specialist in Patiala and offers complete treatment for all kidney conditions. Our facilities include:
State-of-the-art Diagnostic Facilities
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT)
Presence of experts like Paediatricians, Cardiologists and Oncologists for comprehensive healthcare
A detailed history and physical examination are conducted, after which the doctor may recommend some blood and/or urine tests for further investigation. The test results are usually available within 48 hours depending on the test.
● Age above 60 ● Family history of kidney disease ● Alcohol consumption ● Smoking ● High blood pressure ● Obesity
Kidney disorders can present without symptoms for a long time, however, the first symptoms you will be able to notice are ● Reduced quantities of urine ● Swelling of the ankles, legs, and feet ● Persistent nausea
A healthy lifestyle and regular monitoring of the kidneys can help you keep chronic kidney disease in check. Depending on risk levels, many people go on to have healthy kidneys well into old age.
Yes. A yearly health checkup is a very important part of keeping yourself healthy. A typical annual master health checkup will also include a kidney function test which can tell you how healthy your kidneys are.
Alcohol consumption causes inflammation of the kidneys and impairs kidney function. People who consume more than two alcoholic drinks per day are at increased risk of developing Chronic Kidney Disease. Those who consume four or more alcoholic drinks daily are at greater risk of developing acute kidney injury.
The consumption of alcohol in excess can also lead to high blood pressure, a common cause of kidney disease. High blood pressure damages the kidneys by causing them to leak protein into the urine or increasing the workload on them.
Meet the experts at the best kidney hospital in Patiala to discuss the symptoms of kidney diseases.
A healthy lifestyle helps to prevent kidney diseases. Here are some steps that can help:
Eat a healthy diet of fruits and vegetables to help the kidneys stay healthy.
Exercise regularly for as little as 30 minutes daily to make a big difference in keeping the kidneys healthy.
Do not smoke, as smoking damages the kidneys and increases the chances of developing other conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure.
Meet top nephrologists in Patiala at Manipal Hospitals and understand the best lifestyle changes.
Nephrologists specialise in the kidneys and treat any kidney and urinary tract problems. Here are some situations when it is best to visit a nephrologist:
Discuss the impact of diabetes or high blood pressure on the kidneys
Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) or End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
Experiencing symptoms that suggest an infection or injury to the urinary tract, such as pain in the abdomen, fever, blood in urine, or frequent urination at night
Symptoms of Acute Kidney Failure and need help managing this condition.
One should visit the kidney specialist in Patiala at the earliest on experiencing any symptoms of kidney disease..
Yes, a person can live with one kidney. Many people do so. Kidneys remove waste products and excess fluids from the body. One of the essential functions of the kidneys is to produce urine, which helps remove waste products from our bodies.
Manipal Hospitals strives to provide best quality, personalized care to all its patients. The care provided at the Department of Renal Sciences is a testament to the commitment at Manipal Hospitals. Reach out to us to learn more about renal problems and book an appointment with one of our nephrological and urological specialists today