Basic Treatment For Gastric Problems
Dr. Gurbakhshish Singh Sidhu
5 Min Read
Feb 21, 2023
Gastrointestinal Science studies the digestive tract, pancreas, liver and gallbladder. It involves various topics, including anatomy, physiology and biochemistry. A Gastroenterologist specialises in the digestive system. Digestive disorders treatment in Patiala includes routine checkups, treating conditions such as Crohn's disease or Ulcerative Colitis, or performing surgery on patients with severe gastrointestinal issues.
At Manipal Hospitals, we have the best gastroenterologists in Patiala. Our expert gastroenterologists are known for the digestive disorders treatment and diagnosis in Patiala. Our dedicated centre of excellence in Gastroenterology treats a comprehensive range of digestive disorders. Our experts include gastroenterologists, the best stomach doctor in Patiala, endoscopy specialists, and minimally invasive surgeons. Our state-of-the-art facilities are adept at treating conditions like Colitis, Gastritis, bile reflux, Cirrhosis, Acute Liver Failure, and oesophageal cancer. Consult with our gastro experts at Manipal Hospitals.
Manometry is a test used to identify problems with movement and pressure in the oesophagus. Manometry measures the strength and muscle coordination of the oesophagus while swallowing.
Colonoscopy is, a procedure used to detect changes or abnormalities in the large intestine/colon and rectum.
Hydrogen Breath Test is usually performed to detect small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and also glucose / lactose malabsorption
OGD or Oesophago-gastro Duodenoscopy is a visual examination of the lining of your oesophagus, stomach and duodenum.
It is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed to detect gastrointestinal diseases. The procedure is performed using a specialized endoscope that projects sound waves of high frequency to produce detailed images of the digestive tract, lymph nodes, chest, liver, and pancreas. The procedure is largely diagnostic in nature and helps to detect…
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography or ERCP is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems.
Acute pancreatitis occurs due to a sudden inflammation of the pancreas. It may be mild or life threatening but usually subsides. Gallstones and excessive alcohol consumption are the main causes for acute pancreatitis and one experiences severe abdominal pain. Surgery may be needed if complications such as infection, cysts or bleeding occur. If gallstones…
This diagnostic procedure is performed to take a closer look at the liver and spleen to identify any abnormalities. The procedure involves a radioactive dye or contrast material that is absorbed by the liver, spleen and bone marrow. A scan is then done to identify where the radioactive elements have collected, producing an image of dense radioactivity…
The Gastrointestinal Science
The Gastrointestinal Tract
The Gastrointestinal Tract is responsible for the digestion and absorption of food. It consists of the mouth, Oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.
The pancreas secretes digestive juices that break down carbohydrates and proteins. It also produces insulin, which regulates blood sugar levels.
The Liver detoxifies the body from harmful substances like alcohol and drugs and produces bile, which helps digestion.
The Gallbladder stores biles, which contain salts that aid in digesting fats, emulsifying them into smaller droplets.
How Does The Digestive System Work?
The digestive system comprises the mouth, Oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.
Food enters the mouth and breaks into smaller pieces through the teeth and tongue.
The food then travels down through the Oesophagus to the stomach, which mixes with enzymes from the Pancreas and Liver.
The mixture then moves into the small intestine, where nutrients are absorbed into blood vessels while waste products leave the large intestine.
Waste, now called faeces, exits through the rectum and moves out of the body through the anus.
Common Gastrointestinal Conditions
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) affects the Oesophagus when stomach acid flows back into it, causing inflammation and damage to the oesophagus lining.
Peptic Ulcer Disease
Peptic Ulcer Disease occurs when the stomach or duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) becomes inflamed as a result of infection from bacteria called Helicobacter pylori.
Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders affect the organs of the gastrointestinal system. The most common FGIDs include Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), and functional dyspepsia.
Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleeding
Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleeding is when blood loses from the gastrointestinal tract. The causes of GI bleeding include ulcers, tumours, inflammation or infection in the GI tract.
Pancreaticobiliary Diseases impact the pancreas, the Spleen, or liver damage by infection, cancer, surgery, or injury.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease is when the intestines become inflamed. The two primary inflammatory bowel diseases are Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis.
Acute Liver is an increase in bilirubin level in the bloodstream, which causes jaundice and yellowing of the skin and can be fatal if not left untreated.
Colitis is a colon inflammation resulting from bacteria, viruses and reactions to certain food substances.
Liver Malignancy is a type of cancer that usually spreads to other organs through the blood and lymph systems.
Gastrointestinal Malignancy is cancer that affects the digestive tract. It includes tumours on the Oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum and anus.
Manometry measures pressure inside the body to diagnose several diseases, including abdominal pain and constipation. It involves placing a catheter into the rectum, bladder, or uterus, which allows doctors to measure the pressure inside these organs. Our manometry treatment hospital in Patiala is equipped with top-notch facilities to take care of you, visit today.
A Colonoscopy examines the inside of the colon using a thin tube inserted into the rectum. Doctors use a Colonoscope to see the entire length of the large intestine, including its walls and mucous membranes, to check for abnormalities and signs of disease.
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) allows doctors to examine the bile ducts, pancreas, and gallbladder by inserting a tube into the stomach through the mouth. The tube contains a camera and instruments that can remove stones from the bile duct or inject medication into it. To know more about ERCP treatment in Patiala, visit Manipal Hospitals.
Hydrogen Breath Test
The hydrogen Breath Tests bacterial overgrowth, lactose intolerance, carbohydrate malabsorption, or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). The test measures the amount of hydrogen in a person's breath after they drink a solution containing glucose or lactose.
OGD - Oesophago-Gastro Duodenoscopy
OGD - Oesophago-Gastro Duodenoscopy examines the upper gastrointestinal tract, which includes the Oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. Doctors insert an endoscope, a long slender flexible tube with a light and camera at one end, into the stomach and duodenum to diagnose conditions such as bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract, ulcers, tumours and cancers of the digestive system.
Endoscopic Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to examine internal structures in the gastrointestinal tract and other organs.
Doctors insert a tiny probe into a body cavity using a small incision. The probe emits sound waves, picked up by an ultrasound transducer on the probe's tip.
A liver scan uses radionuclides to diagnose or monitor liver disease. Doctors insert a radioactive substance into the bloodstream and measure the amount of absorbed radiation using a gamma camera.
Gallbladder Stones Surgery
Gallbladder Stones Surgery removes gallstones from the gallbladder. Gallstones are tiny rocks made of cholesterol and salts in the gallbladder and can cause severe pain, nausea, vomiting, fever and chills.
Surgeons make small incisions on the abdomen so that a tiny camera can look inside and guide instruments to remove the stones.
Appendix Surgery removes the Appendix, a small pouch attached to the large intestine, and plays a vital role in digesting food and bacteria. Doctors remove the Appendix when they become inflamed or infected, which can cause pain, nausea and vomiting.
Rectal Prolapse Surgery
Rectal Prolapse Surgery corrects a rectal prolapse, a condition in which the rectum's lining protrudes through the anus. The lining of the rectum is called the mucosa, which is usually smooth, but in cases of rectal prolapse, it becomes wrinkled and can protrude through the anus.
The surgical procedure used to correct a rectal prolapse varies depending on its severity and location. In most cases, surgeons will perform an abdominal approach to remove any excess tissue from within the rectum before stitching up its walls, so they are tight again.
Splenectomy removes the Spleen, an organ located in the upper left of the abdomen. It acts as a blood filter, removing old or damaged red blood cells.
Doctors remove Spleen if it has problems, such as an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly), which can occur because of infection or autoimmune disorders like lupus or scleroderma. A splenectomy may also treat certain types of cancer in children and adults, including Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or leukaemia.
Stapled Haemorrhoidectomy involves the removal of the tissue that causes bleeding in the rectum to remove the swollen haemorrhoidal cushions and help relieve symptoms. It may also treat prolapsed internal haemorrhoids—cushions that have fallen out of place or become detached from surrounding tissues.
Sleeve Gastrectomy is a bariatric (weight loss) surgery that removes the outer part of the stomach and creates a sleeve-shaped organ.
The surgery creates a small stomach pouch, limiting the food consumed.
Sleeve Gastrectomy is an irreversible procedure and is an obesity treatment.
Roux-en Y Gastric Bypass
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass is a weight loss surgery involving creating a small stomach pouch and connecting it to the small intestine, reducing the stomach's size and shortening the digestive tract's length, making it easier to absorb calories from food. It is an effective surgical method for treating obesity.
One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass
One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (OGGB) treats medically obese patients who cannot lose weight through dieting and exercise.
Creation of a tiny pouch at the top of the stomach,
Connecting it to the middle section of the small intestine, and
Sealing off most of the bottom section of the stomach.
The surgery creates a smaller stomach pouch limiting food consumption, which helps control overeating. It also reduces hunger by slowing digestion and making the patient feel complete for extended periods.
Duodenal Switch involves
Reducing the size of the stomach,
Connecting the small intestine to the middle section of the small intestine, and
Removing a portion of the large intestine.
Duodenal switch surgery treats severe obesity when nothing else has worked by removing most of the stomach and most of the intestines while keeping a small part of both organs intact, reducing hunger pangs and helping prevent overeating.
Endoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (ESG)
Endoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (ESG) is a minimally-invasive weight-loss procedure involving removing part of the stomach, which causes you to feel full sooner and for more extended periods. The surgery is laparoscopic, and patients will be able to eat normally but must avoid foods high in fat or sugar.
Manipal Hospitals has the best gastroentrologist in Patiala. Our facilities include:
Liver Failure Treatments
Digestive Diseases Treatments
Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgeries
Revision and Reversal Procedures
Minimally Invasive Endoscopy
Small Bowel Enteroscopy
Your first visit will allow your gastroenterologist to evaluate your symptoms. As part of that consultation, your gastroenterologist may request additional tests or procedures, such as blood tests, imaging studies, or endoscopic examinations for diagnosis or treatment.
Bariatric surgeries help people lose weight by reducing the size of their stomachs. Doctors recommend when someone has a BMI (Body Mass Index) over 40 or if they have a BMI over 35 with health complications related to their weight.
We have the best gastroenterologist in Patiala and help patients with Bariatric surgeries, including gastric bypass, gastric sleeve, duodenal switch, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. These procedures can be performed laparoscopically or through open surgery, depending on the type of surgery needed to treat obesity.
Gallbladder stones are small lumps that form in the gallbladder. They can cause pain, nausea and vomiting.
The below habits help prevent gallstones from forming or recurring:
Eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of fibre and vegetable oils as well as whole grains and lean meat/fish/poultry
Drink plenty of water
Visit us to consult the best stomach doctor in Patiala for any symptoms related to gallbladder stones.
Ulcerative Colitis affects the lining of the large intestine, also called the colon, causing stomach pain, diarrhoea, weight loss and fatigue.
Ulcerative Colitis is autoimmune, where the immune system attacks healthy cells in the body by mistake.
Visit us to consult the gastroenterologist at our best gastroenterology hospital in Patiala for any symptoms related to Ulcerative Colitis and other Gastrointestinal conditions.
Eating healthily and exercising is vital in maintaining a sound digestive system.
Eating various foods that provide the body's nutrients, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats, is essential.
Avoid processed foods that contain excess sodium or sugar.
Get plenty of fibre in the diet to keep the bowels moving regularly.
Exercising helps improve circulation throughout the body, which helps keep blood flowing smoothly through the digestive tract.
Working out also helps strengthen muscles, making them more effective at pushing food through the intestines so that it does not get backed up or constipated.
Digestive conditions can be frustrating and worrying, and it reduces the quality of life. Manipal Hospitals stand for quick recovery through the least invasive, most appropriate, and advanced treatment available. Contact us to know more about digestive and liver problems and book an appointment with one of our gastrointestinal specialists today.