A Parent's Guide to Urinary Tract Infection in Children
Department of Urology
Aug 16, 2022
Urology is the medical speciality that focuses on diagnosing and treating diseases of the urinary tract and male and female reproductive organs. The urinary tract has two kidneys, two ureters, one bladder, and one urethra. These organs help keep the body healthy by filtering blood and producing urine. The human reproductive system facilitates the creation and development of babies. Our experienced urologists in Patiala can treat conditions that include urinary tract infections, blood in the urine (hematuria), inability to control urination, benign prostatic hyperplasia, interstitial cystitis (painful bladder), prostate cancers, kidney cancer and bladder cancer, erectile dysfunction (ED), kidney stones, pelvic organ prolapse and congenital urinary tract issues.
Manipal Hospitals is trusted as the best urology hospital in Patiala. Our team of experts comprises fellowship-trained and board-certified urologists from the best universities worldwide. We offer comprehensive treatment of urological diseases, including kidney stones, cancer, and restoring fertility. Consult with urology experts at our urology hospital in Patiala.
We are one of the best urology hospitals in Patiala, well equipped to perform a wide range of diagnostic and curative procedures under one roof. We aim to provide a patient-friendly environment with the latest medical advancements available in the market today. Manipal Hospitals, Patiala, delivers quality care for complete satisfaction.
When you have bladder cancer that has spread into the bladder wall or has come back after initial treatment, your urologists may gently advise you to go in for its removal. Depending on the spread, they may suggest either a partial or radical cystectomy or bladder removal to treat the cancer.
Urethroplasty is an open surgical reconstruction or replacement of the urethra that has been narrowed by scar tissue and spongiofibrosis (urethral stricture). There are over a dozen different types of methods to treat urethral strictures.
A penile implant is a modern option for men having a medical condition in erectile dysfunction(ED). At times, a penile prosthesis is implanted during surgery to reconstruct the penis when scarring has caused erections to curve, also called Peyronie's disease.
Urinary Stone Disease is collectively known as urolithiasis, nephrolithiasis, kidney stones, and nephrocalcinosi, and indicates the presence of stones and calcification within the urinary tract. Urolithiasis is about the formation of stones in the urinary and bladder, nephrolithiasis is of kidney stones and nephrocalcinosi is of the calcium deposits…
This type of enlargement of the prostate gland isn’t associated with cancer but can lead to issues when trying to empty the bladder. This can be treated with surgery or medication. Minimally invasive BPH treatments such as the UroLift system and Green Light Laser Therapy are the preferred treatment options.
Lithotripsy is a non-invasive procedure that uses high-energy shock waves or lasers to break down and eliminate bothersome stones in the kidney, quickly and effectively. During the procedure, a special machine called a lithotripter generates the shock waves that travel into your body and break apart the stones.
Uroflowmetry measures urine volume voided over time. The procedure is useful in clinical conditions, such as frequency and urgency incontinence, voiding difficulty, hesitancy or difficulty in maintaining the urine stream.
There are different types of bladder cancers and these are diagnosed by the Urology department, with the use of telescopic examinations, namely cystoscopy. A biopsy is done to assess the nature of cancer. Treatments will be based on the type of bladder cancer found and this can involve medications being placed in the bladder directly followed by surgery,…
Tumors in the kidney need to be handled by specialists depending on the level of advancement of cancer when it is diagnosed. Early treatment can help patients live cancer-free lives.
This type of cancer is observed in younger men, mostly in their twenties or thirties. It could be indicated by bumps, lumps, hardened testicles or size changes. If diagnosed early, it can be treated successfully.
What is Urology?
The female reproductive system is a series of organs that work together to allow a woman to reproduce. The organs within the female reproductive system include:
The ovaries, which are responsible for producing eggs and releasing hormones
Uterus, which houses a developing fetus and secretes hormones into the body
Vagina, or birth canal, through which sperm travels during intercourse
The male reproductive system makes it possible for men to reproduce. The testes produce sperm and store it in the epididymis. Sperm releases into the vas deferens and then moves into the urethra and the prostate gland to create semen. The penis passes on the semen to females during intercourse.
Manipal Hospitals, Patiala, is the best urology hospital in Patiala and offers diagnosis and treatment for urology problems, including:
Male and female urinary continence
General urology Services
Prostate, Kidney and Bladder Cancer
Comprehensive Stone Disease
Erectile dysfunction (ED)
Pelvic organ prolapse
Congenital disabilities in the urinary tract
Uroflowmetry is a test to measure urine production at a given time. It determines whether or not a patient has an obstruction of the urinary tract and can also monitor treatment for an obstruction. To know more about uroflowmetry treatment in Patiala, visit Manipal Hospitals
Panendoscopy for urology is a procedure that uses a specialised endoscope to examine the urethra and bladder. It detects abnormalities related to infections, cysts, tumours, or other conditions. The procedure involves inserting an endoscope into the urethra and bladder via the urethral opening, allowing doctors to see inside these areas to identify potential problems.
Cystoscopy examines the inside of the bladder, urethra, and ureters. It diagnoses bladder cancer, urinary tract stones, bladder lining inflammation (cystitis), or other diseases. During cystoscopy, a thin tube with a lighted end (cystoscope) goes into the urethra and examines the bladder and ureters.
A biopsy is the examination of tissue samples from the body. A biopsy diagnoses a urinary tract infection diagnoses cancer and determines if an individual has kidney stones or other kidney problems or if someone has an enlarged prostate (known as benign prostatic hypertrophy). A urology biopsy involves taking tissue samples from the urinary tract and reproductive organs within the body. If doctors suspect cancer, they may also want to take biopsies from nearby lymph nodes and other areas where tumours might develop.
Partial and Radical Cystectomy
Partial cystectomy is a surgery that removes only part of the bladder. Radical cystectomy, on the other hand, removes the entire bladder and associated organs. If a patient has cancer in the bladder, partial cystectomy may be more appropriate than radical cystectomy as it helps to preserve some urinary function while removing the cancerous cells. Partial cystectomy also has less chance of complications than radical cystectomy.
A penile prosthesis treats erectile dysfunction. The device is a hollow cylinder placed in the penis, typically containing two inflatable cylinders. The man can manipulate these cylinders to achieve an erection.
Urethroplasty is a surgical procedure to repair a urethrorectal fistula. A urethrorectal fistula is a condition that occurs when the tissue between the urethra and rectum is damaged, causing urine to leak out of the vagina, causing complications such as urinary tract infections and incontinence. Urethroplasty involves repairing the damaged tissue so that it joins together again and allows urine to flow normally.
Lithotripsy treats kidney stones using focused shock waves to break the stones into smaller pieces. A lithotripter machine generates the shock waves, which uses ultrasound to focus the shock waves on one spot within the kidney. To know more about lithotripsy treatment in Patiala, visit Manipal Hospitals.
Endourology is a subspecialty within urology that uses tiny instruments and endoscopes to view the urinary tract and perform surgery. It is also known as laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery. Endourology procedures include Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HOLEP), Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and Ureteroscopy (URS)
Reconstructive urology restores the normal functions of the urinary tract by rerouting, repairing, or recreating areas of the urinary tract and reproductive organs. It treats congenital disabilities and injuries. Some procedures under Reconstructive urology include lap/, Ileal replacement of the Ureter, Boari Flap, and Augmentation Cystoplasty.
Laparoscopic urology are essential in minimally invasive surgical procedures to manage various urologic disorders, including cancerous and benign conditions. Advanced laparoscopic urology is available in very few hospitals across India, including Manipal Hospitals, Patiala. Laparoscopic urology is a surgical technique through small incisions with the help of a camera and surgical instruments.
Radical and Partial Nephrectomy.
Radical and partial nephrectomy are surgical procedures that remove the bladder, the surrounding tissue, and a small portion of the ureter. The operation treats bladder cancer when it spreads into the bladder wall or returns after initial treatment. Depending on the spread, a partial or radical cystectomy or bladder removal is needed to treat cancer.
In a radical nephrectomy, the surgeon removes all of the bladder and ureters, tubes that carry urine from kidneys out of the body. In a partial nephrectomy, only part of the bladder is removed, along with some surrounding muscle and tissue.
Radical Nephroureterectomy is a surgical procedure that may remove the entire ureter and the kidneys. The surgeon will remove the entire kidney and some surrounding tissue around it. Then, they will use a specialised instrument called a resectoscope to remove any remaining cancer cells.
Total or Partial Penectomy
Penectomy removes all or part of the penis. Partial penectomy removes only a portion of the penis, while total penectomy includes the removal of all external genitalia. Partial penectomy may be used as a treatment for penile cancer or as part of gender reassignment surgery.
Radical orchiectomy is the removal of both testicles. It is also known as "orchiectomy." This procedure aims to treat cancer in the testicles, which can spread to other body parts if not treated. It also treats prostate cancer or other conditions that require the removal of the testicles.
Prostate surgery is the removal of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is located under the bladder and surrounds the urethra. It produces a fluid that carries sperm. Prostate surgery happens when the surgeon detects lower urinary tract disease, including a frequent urge to urinate, burning during urination, blood in the urine, or the inability to control urination. Laser-assisted prostatectomy uses a laser to remove tissue from the prostate gland, while open radical prostatectomy removes the entire gland plus some tissue around it.
Radical prostatectomy treats cancer when it has not spread beyond the prostate gland. Radical prostatectomy also cures localised cancer when no metastases (spread of cancer cells) exist outside the gland.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) removes kidney stones from the urinary tract. PCNL happens under general anaesthesia and involves using a device called a lithotriptor to break up the stone to remove it through a small incision in the skin. PCNL helps people who have large kidney stones, have had previous surgeries on their kidneys, or have already tried other methods of treating them without success. The procedure offers an alternative to emergency surgery or repeated hospital visits for patients with chronic kidney stones.
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS)
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) involves the removal of a kidney stone or other foreign matter by accessing the kidney through an incision in the abdominal wall or entering through the ureter.
Ureteroscopy (URS) is a minimally invasive procedure that diagnoses and treats several urologic conditions, such as kidney stones and tumours. During this procedure, a ureteroscope is inserted into the urethra, allowing the visualisation of the urinary tract. It allows for the removal of kidney stones and other obstructions from the ureters.
Renal or Kidney transplant is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage kidney disease. Renal transplantation is one of today's most common and successful life-saving procedures. At Manipal Hospitals, Patiala, we perform laparoscopic donor nephrectomy for minimal pain during surgery. Our surgery is pathbreaking technology evolution. We also offer Preemptive Kidney Transplants and Highly Antigenic Kidney Transplant Surgery in HIV Positive patients, along with ABO-incompatible Kidney Transplant Surgery and Re-Transplant and Transplantation in HIV Positive patients.
At Manipal Hospitals, Patiala, we provide world-class urology facilities under the guidance of top urologists in Patiala, including:
General urology services
Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HOLEP)
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS)
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
Endoscopic removal of Bladder Stones
Optical internal urethrotomy
Partial and radical cystectomy
Ileal replacement of ureter
Radical nephroureterectomy (lap)
Radical cystectomy with neo-bladder reconstruction
Radical prostatectomy (lap)
Total or partial penectomy with inguinal lymph node dissection
Radical orchiectomy and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection
Erectile dysfunction (impotence)
Vacuum erection devices
Laser prostatectomy (HOLEP)
Conventional surgery (TURP)
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS)
Preemptive kidney transplant
Highly antigenic kidney transplant surgery
Re-transplant and transplantation in HIV-positive patients
ABO-incompatible kidney transplant
Urodynamic system machine
Lithoclast and laser machine
Urinary tract infection treatment in Patiala
The physician will perform a genital exam plus a digital rectal exam to assess the prostate. This can include sonography of the kidneys, the bladder, and/or the prostate; or an imaging scan to visualize specific organs. The urologist may recommend an ambulatory, office-based procedure.
Drink enough water each day.
Avoid drinking too much alcohol and coffee.
Increase the amount of fibre in the diet by eating more fruits and vegetables.
Do not hold urine for long periods.
Foods that are suitable for the urinary system include:
Fruit and vegetables
Beans, lentils, and other legumes
Nuts and seeds
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are painful and uncomfortable, but they are also easily preventable. Here are some tips for treating UTIs:
Drink plenty of water to flush out infection-causing germs.
Use unscented toilet paper, wipes, or feminine hygiene products to help prevent UTIs from spreading.
Wash hands before touching genitals or changing a diaper to prevent bacteria from spreading from one area to another.
Visit the best urology hospital in Patiala if symptoms persist.
A person should see a urologist if they have any of the following conditions:
Painful urination, burning or discomfort when urinating
Frequent or urgent need to urinate
Blood in the urine
Difficulty emptying the bladder
Urinary tract infections that come and go
Pain in the scrotum, groin, penis or testicles (or any other part of the reproductive system)
Cystitis is a common bladder infection that can cause pain or burning while urinating, frequent urination, pelvic pain or pressure, and blood in the urine. It may result from germs entering the body through the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of your body).
Urological conditions can be both simple and complex. But whatever be its nature, it reduces the quality of life. Manipal Hospitals stand for quick recovery through the least invasive, most appropriate and advanced treatment available. Contact us to know more about urological problems and book an appointment with one of our Urology specialists today.