What are the Choices Available for Birth Control?

Posted On Jun 29, 2022

Dr. Ila Jalote

Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Manipal Hospital-Gurugram

Gynaecology Hospital in Gurgaon

Birth control is a way to prevent pregnancy. The first thing you need to understand about birth control is that there are many kinds, so you'll have plenty of choices. If a method isn't working for you, try something else in consultation with a gynaecologist in Gurugram! Here's an overview of some of the options:

Male Condom

A thin covering of latex covers an erect penis. The shell prevents semen, the fluid that contains sperm, from entering a woman's vagina. Latex condoms work for most people, while people allergic to latex may opt for non-latex condoms. 

Condoms are available across gynaecology hospitals in Gurgaon, medical stores and some vending machines. While male condoms do not provide 100% protection, they remain one of the best birth control methods.

Diaphragm

The diaphragm is a dome-shaped device inserted into the vagina to block sperm from entering the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted before intercourse and left in place for at least six hours after. 

The diaphragm should be replaced every two years or sooner if it has become discoloured or worn out. If you have had a baby or are breastfeeding, wait until six weeks after childbirth or weaning before using a diaphragm again. Consult a gynaecologist in Gurugram before using a diaphragm.

Female Condom

A lubricated plastic tube has a flexible ring at each end while one remains closed.

Women can insert the condom into their vagina, with the closed end of the condom covering the cervix and the other slightly covering the outside of the vagina. The condom stops sperm from entering the vagina. 

A female condom is also readily available over the counter. The protection from a female condom is slightly lesser than a male condom.

Contraceptive Sponge

The contraceptive sponge is a soft, plastic foam disc that fits over the cervix. The sponge contains spermicide and works by blocking sperm from entering through the cervix and into the uterus. This method of birth control is highly effective when used with a condom (male condom or female condom), but it's not as effective alone.

The sponge can be inserted 24 hours before sexual activity and left in place for at least six hours after intercourse. It needs a monthly replacement, so this method is not very convenient for long-term use.

The contraceptive sponge doesn't protect against STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) or HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). If you're concerned about these infections, consult a gynaecologist to discuss contraception and family planning options that may be more suitable for you.

Hormonal Birth Control

Hormonal birth control is the most common form of contraception and includes pills, patches, rings and injections. Hormonal contraceptives are 99% more effective than non-hormonal options when used correctly. They also have a higher failure rate than birth control methods that don't contain hormones. Some types of hormonal birth control can have side effects like nausea and bleeding between periods, but other forms are more tolerable for many women.

Hormonal contraception is more expensive than non-hormonal options because it requires users to take regular doses every day for months (as opposed to condoms or withdrawal). Because these medications require ongoing visits to a gynaecologist in Gurugram over long periods, they tend to be expensive upfront and over time. 

Birth Control Pill

The birth control pill is a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy. It's also one of the most popular methods of contraception, with over 100 million women using it worldwide.

The combination of female hormones in the birth control pills prevents ovulation (when an egg releases from the ovary). If no egg is released, then pregnancy can't occur. The hormones also thicken cervical mucus so sperm can't get through and create a thin uterine lining that doesn't support implantation if there is fertilization by a sperm cell. Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals and consult with the best gynaecologist in Gurugram to determine if a birth control pill suits you.

Contraceptive Patch

The contraceptive patch is a thin, rectangular patch that sticks to the skin. It releases hormones through the skin and into your bloodstream, where they work to prevent pregnancy.

The hormone in the patch is called Ethinyl estradiol plus norelgestromin. Ethinyl estradiol is a type of estrogen, while norelgestromin is a progestin. These hormones stop the release of an egg from one of your ovaries by suppressing FSH and LH production in your body until you're ready to ovulate again—which means there's no egg available for sperm to fertilize!

You may use this method continuously for up to three weeks without worrying about remembering anything else except checking on its placement now and then; when it starts wearing off after three weeks, apply another one! But remember: each new application needs seven days before it's effective in preventing pregnancy. We recommend consulting a gynaecology hospital in Gurgaon for using contraceptive patches. 

Contraceptive Injection

A contraceptive injection is a form of hormonal birth control that comes in the form of a shot, administered by a gynaecologist every eight weeks. The healthcare provider can also give injections to breastfeeding women and mothers who have had cesarean sections.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) - Hormonal and Non-Hormonal

IUDs are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. Either made of plastic or copper, they're reversible but not always 100% effective. Before deciding if this is right for you, you should discuss the risks, benefits and side effects with your gynaecologist. They can stay in place for up to 10 years. If you've never had children, ask a gynaecologist in Gurgaon if an IUD might be right for you!

Implants

Implants are small, flexible rods inserted into the arm. They are 99% effective and last 3-5 years. You should trust only an experienced gynaecologist in Gurugram to get an implant inserted under the skin on your inner upper arm, where it slowly releases hormones to prevent pregnancy. It's a great option if you don't have time to figure out another method of birth control during your next visit with your doctor —the implant is effective immediately after insertion!

Vaginal Ring

A vaginal ring is a flexible plastic ring that releases hormones to prevent pregnancy. It is the same size as a tampon but inserted into the vagina.

It works by creating a thin layer of mucus that prevents sperm from reaching an egg. The ring releases hormones like progestin and estrogen for three weeks. You have to change it every 21 days—so if you're not sure when it will end up falling out on its own.

Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs).

Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are a form of birth control used after unprotected sex or when a condom breaks. They are not a common form of birth control, not meant to be used as your only method. 

If you're worried about pregnancy after having unprotected sex, consult a gynaecologist as soon as possible to find out if you need an ECP or other emergency contraception. 

Sterilization

Sterilization is a permanent form of birth control. The fallopian tubes are blocked or severed, preventing eggs from travelling to the uterus and sperm from reaching an egg. Make an appointment at Manipal Hospitals, the most trusted gynaecology hospital in Gurgaon, to discuss all your concerns related to the best contraceptive method for you.

Understand the different types of birth control available to you

There are many different types of birth control available to you. Some women prefer one method over another because it's less intrusive and easier to use, while others may want an option that doesn't contain hormones. Your choice will depend on your lifestyle, what medicines you're taking and how long you want your period to last.

Understanding the side effects of each type of birth control is essential to making an informed decision about which one is right for you. It's also important to understand their costs and how long they last so there aren't any surprises when it comes time to renew prescriptions or replace expired devices.

It is essential to choose the proper birth control for you, and it might take time and effort to find the right one. If you are still unsure which option is correct, speak with the doctors at the obstetrics and gynaecology department at Manipal Hospitals, who can guide you through your options.

 

Dr. Ila Jalote

Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

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