Heart specialist in Gurgaon | (Col) Dr. Monik Mehta

(Col) Dr. Monik Mehta

Senior Consultant - Cardiology

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Heart specialist in Gurgaon | (Col) Dr. Monik Mehta
Reviewed by

(Col) Dr. Monik Mehta

Senior Consultant - Cardiology

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

Angioplasty: Types, Procedure Details, Recovery, And Prevention

Posted On: Nov 16, 2023

blogs read 4 Min Read

Angioplasty Types Procedure Details Recovery and Prevention

Angioplasty Surgery is a minimally invasive procedure to improve blood flow to the heart. It is a common treatment for coronary artery disease, which is a narrowing or blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the heart.

Types of Angioplasty

There are two main angioplasty types:

  • Balloon Angioplasty

A thin, flexible tube with a balloon at the tip is inserted into the artery. The balloon is inflated to widen the artery and compress the plaque.

  • Stent Angioplasty

A small metal mesh tube (stent) is inserted into the artery to keep it open. Stents are often used in conjunction with balloon angioplasty.

Why is Angioplasty done?

  • Angioplasty is recommended for people with coronary artery disease who have chest pain (angina) or other symptoms of heart disease. It can also be used to treat people who have had a heart attack.

  • Angioplasty can help to improve blood flow to the heart and reduce the risk of future heart problems.

How is the Angioplasty Procedure done?

  • Angioplasty is usually performed in a multispecialty hospital by an expert cardiologist and the best cardiac surgeon. The patient is kept under local anaesthesia, but some people may need general anaesthesia. The procedure typically takes about 1-2 hours.

  • To perform the procedure, a thin, flexible tube called a catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin or arm and threaded up to the heart. A contrast dye is injected through the catheter to help the doctor see the arteries on an X-ray monitor.

  • Once the doctor has located the blockage, they insert a guidewire through the catheter. The balloon or stent is then inserted over the guidewire and placed at the site of the blockage.

  • If a balloon angioplasty is being performed, the balloon is inflated to widen the artery and compress the plaque. If a stent angioplasty is being performed, the stent is expanded to keep the artery open.

  • Once the procedure is complete, the catheter is removed. The patient is given proper medical treatment to prevent any complications. 

What is the road to recovery like?

  • Most people make a full recovery after angioplasty. They can go home from the hospital the same day or the next day after angioplasty. However, it is important to rest for at least a few days and avoid strenuous activity.

  • You may also need to take blood thinners to help prevent blood clots from forming around the stent. Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions carefully. Consulting with an expert cardiologist near you can help understand aftercare.

How can I change my lifestyle to prevent heart complications?

There are several things you can do to prevent complications after angioplasty, including:

  • Quit Smoking

Smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease and can increase the risk of complications after angioplasty.

  • Eat a Healthy Diet

Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Limit saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, and sodium.

  • Exercise Regularly

Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

  • Maintain a Healthy Weight

Being overweight or obese increases your risk of heart disease and other health problems.

  • Take your medications as prescribed

Your doctor may prescribe blood thinners, cholesterol-lowering medications, and other medications to help prevent complications.

  • Avoid allergenic foods that cause allergy.

By following these lifestyle changes, you can reduce your risk of complications after angioplasty and improve your overall health.


Angioplasty is a medical procedure with life-changing outcomes. It can prove to be life-saving for many. Following proper care is advised. Getting the procedure done at a multispecialty hospital can improve your chances of recovery. Manipal Hospitals Gurugram has some of the best cardiologists in the city to cater to your heart health and help you find the best treatment for your condition. Following a doctor's advice and observing lifestyle changes can prolong the results and prevent further clots. 

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