Dr. Dixit Garg

Consultant Intervention - Cardiology

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Reviewed by

Dr. Dixit Garg

Consultant Intervention - Cardiology

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Reviewed by:

Dr. Dixit Garg

Posted On: Sep 19, 2023

blogs read 3 Min Read

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) It's Risk Factors & Prevention

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a condition in which the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become narrowed or blocked. This can reduce the amount of blood flow to the heart, which can cause chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.

Coronary Heart Disease is the most common type of heart disease. It is caused by a buildup of plaque in the arteries. Plaque is made up of cholesterol, fat, calcium, and other substances. As plaque builds up, it narrows the arteries and makes it harder for blood to flow through them. This gradual buildup can lead to various health complications. 

There are a number of risk factors for CAD, including:

  • Age

CAD is more common in older adults.

  • Family History

If you have a family history of CAD, you are more likely to develop it yourself.

  • High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can damage the arteries and make them more likely to narrow.

  • High Cholesterol

High cholesterol can also contribute to plaque buildup in the arteries.

  • Smoking

Smoking damages the arteries and makes them more likely to narrow.

  • Diabetes

Diabetes can damage the arteries and make them more likely to narrow.

  • Obesity

Obesity can increase the risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes, all of which are risk factors for CAD.

Coronary artery disease symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the narrowing of the arteries. Some people may have no symptoms at all, while others may experience chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of CAD, it is important to see a doctor right away. CAD can be a serious condition, but there are coronary artery disease treatments that can be treated by a cardiologist in Gurugram.

Lifestyle changes to help reduce CAD Risk

There are a number of lifestyle changes that you can make to help reduce your risk of CAD, including:

  • Eating a Healthy Diet

A healthy diet includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It is also important to limit your intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and sodium.

  • Exercising Regularly

Exercise helps to keep your heart and blood vessels healthy. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

  • Quitting Smoking

Smoking damages the arteries and makes it harder for blood to flow through them. If you smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your heart health.

  • Managing Stress

Stress can contribute to high blood pressure and other risk factors for CAD. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercise, yoga, or meditation.

If you have CAD, your doctor may also prescribe medication to help control your risk factors and manage your symptoms. Manipal Hospitals Gurugram has some of the best cardiac surgeons and cardiologists to diagnose your health condition and guide you through the healing journey. 

By making lifestyle changes and taking medication, you can reduce your risk of CAD and live a long and healthy life.

Here are some additional tips for preventing CAD:

  • Get Regular Checkups

Your doctor can check your blood pressure, cholesterol, and other risk factors for CAD.

  • Take control of your Health

Make healthy lifestyle choices and take steps to manage your risk factors.

  • Talk to your doctor about your Risk

Your doctor can help you understand your risk for CAD and develop a plan to reduce it.

If you have any questions or concerns about CAD, be sure you consult an expert doctor and get the right information only at the best cardiology hospital in Gurugram. They can help you understand the condition and develop a plan to manage your risk in the best way possible. For further information visit your nearest Manipal Hospitals or book an online consultation with our medical experts.

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