Dr. Brajesh Kumar Mishra

Consultant - Cardiology

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Dr. Brajesh Kumar Mishra

Consultant - Cardiology

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

Aortic Valve Surgery: Your Gateway To A Healthier Heart

Posted On: Jan 25, 2024

blogs read 3 Min Read

Aortic Valve Surgery Gateway to a Healthier Heart

What is an Aortic Valve?

Imagine the aortic valve as a one-way door. It opens to allow blood to flow from the left ventricle to the aorta and then closes tightly to prevent blood from flowing back. When the valve becomes narrowed (stenosis) or leaky (regurgitation/ throwing up), it disrupts this vital flow, leading to various symptoms and complications. Consult wth the best cardiologist in Gurugram to know more about it.

What is Aortic Valve Surgery?

Aortic valve surgery is a life-saving procedure that repairs or replaces a damaged aortic valve, the crucial gateway between your heart's left ventricle and the aorta, the main artery carrying blood to your body. When this valve malfunctions, it can significantly impact your heart function and overall health.

Visit the best cardiology hospital to get the finest treatment at Manipal Hospitals Gurugram.

Why does one need Aortic Valve Surgery?

Several factors can necessitate aortic valve surgery, including:

  • Aortic Stenosis

This refers to a narrowed valve opening, restricting blood flow and forcing the heart to work harder.

  • Aortic Regurgitation

This occurs when the valve doesn't close properly, causing blood to leak back into the ventricle.

  • Combined Stenosis and Regurgitation

Both narrowing and leaking can co-exist, further compromising heart function.

  • Congenital Heart Defects

Some individuals are born with malformed aortic valves, requiring surgical correction.

Types of Aortic Valve Surgery

Two main approaches are used in aortic valve surgery:

  • Open Heart surgery for Heart Valve Replacement

This traditional method of open heart surgery involves a chest incision to access the heart directly. The surgeon then repairs or replaces the valve and closes the incision.

  • Minimally invasive surgery for Aortic Valve Replacement

This newer approach uses smaller incisions or catheters inserted through the groin or under the ribs to access the heart and perform the valve repair or replacement.

How does Aortic Valve Surgery benefit the patient?

Aortic valve surgery can significantly improve your quality of life and offer numerous benefits, including:

  • Reduced Symptoms

Relieves chest pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, and dizziness associated with valve dysfunction.

  • Improved Heart Function

Strengthens the heart and allows it to pump blood more efficiently.

  • Lower Risk of Complications

Prevents heart failure, stroke, and other serious consequences of untreated valve disease.

  • Increased Life Expectancy

Studies show that aortic valve surgery can significantly extend lifespan in patients with severe valve problems.

Recovery and Outlook

Recovery times vary depending on the type of surgery performed and your overall health. Open-heart surgery typically requires a longer hospital stay and recovery period compared to minimally invasive procedures. Physical therapy plays a crucial role in regaining strength and mobility after surgery. With proper care and rehabilitation, most patients enjoy significant improvements in their health and well-being following aortic valve surgery.

Aortic valve surgery is a major decision, and it's crucial to discuss the risks and benefits with a cardiologist or heart doctor to understand the procedure, before proceeding. Manipal Hospitals Gurugram has some of the best cardiologists and cardiac surgeons to help evaluate your heart health and guide you towards the best treatment plan for your health condition. 

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