Dr. Mohit Saran

Consultant - Internal Medicine and Diabetologist

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Reviewed by

Dr. Mohit Saran

Consultant - Internal Medicine and Diabetologist

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

Diabetes mellitus: Definition, Types, Symptoms, And Treatment

Reviewed by:

Dr. Mohit Saran

Posted On: Apr 30, 2024

blogs read 2 Min Read

Diabetes Mellitus- Management and Treatment & Prevention

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus, often referred to simply as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels that result from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar.

Are there different types of Diabetes?

There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes (formerly called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes) is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

  • Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for about 90% of all cases. It occurs when the body either does not produce enough insulin or becomes resistant to the effects of insulin.

  • Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during the months of pregnancy. It has been observed to usually go away after the baby is born, but it can increase a woman's risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. 

Visit the best internal medicine hospital in Gurgaon to get the finest treatment. 

What are common Diabetes Mellitus symptoms to look out for?

Symptoms of diabetes can include:

  • Increased thirst

  • Frequent urination

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Extreme hunger

  • Blurred vision

  • Slow-healing sores

  • Frequent infections

What can be done to manage Diabetes?

Diabetes treatment depends on the type of diabetes and the severity of the condition. Treatment goals are to lower blood sugar levels and prevent complications. Treatment may include:

  • Diet therapy/ diabetes mellitus therapy

  • Exercise

  • Oral medications

  • Insulin injections

  • Blood sugar monitoring

With proper management, most people with diabetes can live long and healthy lives. Manipal Hospitals Gurgaon has some of the best care providers and doctors to help guide your journey towards the management and treatment of diabetes mellitus. Consult with our best internal medicine specialist in Gurgaon to know more about the prevention of diabetes mellitus.


Diabetes is a condition which can be successfully managed with proper care and medication to lead a healthy life. Timely diagnosis and regular check ups can help find the right treatment. Manipal Hospitals Gurugram has some of the best doctors and endocrinologists to help you manage diabetes.  

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