Dr. Sredharan M

Consultant - Surgical Oncology

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Reviewed by

Dr. Sredharan M

Consultant - Surgical Oncology

Manipal Hospitals, Goa

Minimise Your Chances Of Developing Lung Cancer: Proactive Prevention Strategies

Reviewed by:

Dr. Sredharan M

Posted On: Dec 08, 2023

blogs read 3 Min Read

Risk Factors To Lung Cancer


Lung cancer is a devastating medical disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It not only has an immense impact on our overall health but also affects our day-to-day life. Though it is one of the most common fatal forms of cancer, the good news is that many cases lung cancer can be prevented. Let’s explore the knowledge that has the power to safeguard our health for all the good.

A report in 2020 estimated that there were 2.2 million new cases of lung cancer globally with 1.8 million deaths attributed to the disease.


What is Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is a malignant growth that originates in the lungs. It’s caused by the uncontrollable cell division in the lungs that forms tumours. It can spread, infecting other organs, such as the brain, bones, liver, adrenal glands and more. There are two primary types of lung cancer, they are- non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Data shows that Non-small cell cancer is the most common between the two.


How Does Lung Cancer Affect Day-to-Day Life?

All form of cancer is fatal and has a profound impact on an individual’s overall health and daily life. It not only impacts physically but also affects mentally. As it progresses, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, such as persistent coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue and unintended weight loss. This disease can make even the simplest tasks challenging and diminish the overall quality of life.


High-Risk Groups for Lung Cancer

While lung cancer can affect anyone, certain groups are at a higher risk. It's essential to identify these risk factors to take proactive steps towards prevention. The high-risk groups include:

  • Smoking: Tobacco smoke is the leading cause of lung cancer, and smokers have a significantly higher risk of developing the disease.
  • Second-hand Smoke Exposure: Non-smokers exposed to second-hand smoke are also at risk, especially if exposed over an extended period.
  • Occupational Hazards: People who work in environments with exposure to carcinogens, such as asbestos, radon, and certain chemicals, are at increased risk.
  • Family History: A family history of lung cancer may elevate your risk, indicating a genetic predisposition.


Preventing Lung Cancer

Reducing your risk of lung cancer involves making informed choices and adopting a healthy lifestyle. Here are some detailed proactive tips for preventing lung cancer:


  • Smoking: Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, so if you smoke, quitting is the best way to reduce your risk. To increase your chances of success, seek support from healthcare professionals or smoking cessation programs.
  • Avoid Second-hand Smoke: Minimize exposure to second-hand smoke whenever possible. Ensure that your home and workplace are smoke-free environments. Encourage friends and family members to quit smoking to protect your health and theirs.
  • Protect Against Radon: Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that can seep into homes through cracks in the foundation. Test your home for radon, and if levels are elevated, take steps to mitigate the issue. Professional radon mitigation services can help make your home safe.


Occupational Safety

If you work in a high-risk environment with exposure to carcinogens, follow safety guidelines and wear protective gear, such as respirators or masks. Ensure that your workplace complies with safety regulations.


Family History

Inform and take help from your healthcare provider, if you have a family history of lung cancer. Though you cannot change your genetic predisposition, early detection and regular screenings can help identify the disease at an early stage.


Age-Appropriate Screenings

People over 50 or from a high-risk group, tend to develop the disease. Therefore, regular lung cancer screenings and consultation from a medical professional can help detect lung cancer at an early and manageable stage.


Eat a Healthy Diet

It is always recommended to limit processed foods, and excessive red meat and consume a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, as they are loaded with antioxidants and nutrients. It can help you boost your immune system and protect against cancer. Also, excessive consumption of alcohol is associated with an increased risk of cancer.


Exercise Regularly

The risk of cancer can be reduced by engaging in regular physical activities that help maintain a healthy weight and well-being. It also keeps our organs fit and active which eventually helps us to prevent cancer.

It is clear that lung cancer is a formidable threat, but with the help of accurate knowledge and proactive measures, we can prevent this deadly disease. It is crucial to understand the potential causes, risk factors and preventive strategies in the very stage to lessen the risk of the medical condition. You can seek the required medical help in Goa if you or your loved one are facing the challenges of lung cancer. The top oncologists in Manipal Hospitals Goa, specialists in lung cancer treatment and lung cancer surgery can help you the best solutions. 

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